Khashm el-Girba Dam

The Khashm el-Girba Dam is a gravity and embankment composite dam on the Atbarah River about 4 km (2 mi) south of Khashm El Girba in Eastern Sudan. The primary purpose of the dam is irrigation.[1]

Khashm el-Girba Dam
Khashm el-Girba-Damm.jpg
NASA overhead of the dam and reservoir
Khashm el-Girba Dam is located in Sudan
Khashm el-Girba Dam
Location of Khashm el-Girba Dam in Sudan
LocationKhashm El Girba
Coordinates14°55′31.29″N 35°54′28.30″E / 14.9253583°N 35.9078611°E / 14.9253583; 35.9078611Coordinates: 14°55′31.29″N 35°54′28.30″E / 14.9253583°N 35.9078611°E / 14.9253583; 35.9078611
PurposeWater supply, power
Construction began1960
Opening date1964
Dam and spillways
Type of damGravity/embankment
ImpoundsAtbarah River
Height47 m (154 ft)
Length3,500 m (11,500 ft)
Spillway capacitySpillway: 1,000 m3/s (35,000 cu ft/s)
Lower floodgates: 7,700 m3/s (270,000 cu ft/s)
CreatesKhashm el-Girba Reservoir
Total capacity1,300,000,000 m3 (1,100,000 acre⋅ft)
Catchment area112,400 km2 (43,400 sq mi)
Surface area125 km2 (48 sq mi)
Maximum length80 km (50 mi)
Normal elevation473 m (1,552 ft)
Power Station
Commission date1961, 1963
Turbines2 x 5 MW (6,700 hp) Kaplan-type
Installed capacity10 MW (13,000 hp)

The dam is equipped with canal headworks, located on its left bank, which divert water into a canal. When water levels in the reservoir are low, three pumps move water into the canal.

The main portion of the dam is an earthen embankment; the spillway and irrigation headworks sections are concrete gravity.[2] The dam has a small hydroelectric power station, which was upgraded during the period 2002-04 to its current installed capacity of 10 megawatts (13,000 hp).[3][4]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Sediment case study template_Khashm El Girba.indd".
  2. ^ Ahmad, Siyam. "Assessment of The Current State of The Nile Basin Reservoir Sedimentation Problems" (PDF). Nile Basin Capacity Building Network. p. A3. Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 October 2010. Retrieved 16 February 2013.
  3. ^ "Khashm Algirba Dam". Sudanese Hydro Generation Co Ltd. Archived from the original on 11 April 2013. Retrieved 16 February 2013.
  4. ^ "Khashm El Girba Hydro Power Station Rehabilitation (2002-04)". Heavy Engineering Ltd. Retrieved 16 February 2013.