Open main menu

Kharoshthi is a Unicode block containing characters used to write the Gandhari and Sanskrit languages in northwest India from the 3rd century BCE to the 4th century CE.

(96 code points)
Major alphabetsGandhari
Assigned68 code points
Unused28 reserved code points
Unicode version history
4.165 (+65)
11.068 (+3)
Note: [1][2]
Official Unicode Consortium code chart (PDF)
  0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F
U+10A0x 𐨀  𐨁  𐨂  𐨃  𐨅  𐨆  𐨌  𐨍  𐨎  𐨏
U+10A1x 𐨐 𐨑 𐨒 𐨓 𐨕 𐨖 𐨗 𐨙 𐨚 𐨛 𐨜 𐨝 𐨞 𐨟
U+10A2x 𐨠 𐨡 𐨢 𐨣 𐨤 𐨥 𐨦 𐨧 𐨨 𐨩 𐨪 𐨫 𐨬 𐨭 𐨮 𐨯
U+10A3x 𐨰 𐨱 𐨲 𐨳 𐨴 𐨵  𐨸  𐨹  𐨺  𐨿 
U+10A4x 𐩀 𐩁 𐩂 𐩃 𐩄 𐩅 𐩆 𐩇 𐩈
U+10A5x 𐩐 𐩑 𐩒 𐩓 𐩔 𐩕 𐩖 𐩗 𐩘
1.^ As of Unicode version 12.0
2.^ Grey areas indicate non-assigned code points


The following Unicode-related documents record the purpose and process of defining specific characters in the Kharoshthi block:

Version Final code points[a] Count L2 ID WG2 ID Document
4.1 U+10A00..10A03, 10A05..10A06, 10A0C..10A13, 10A15..10A17, 10A19..10A33, 10A38..10A3A, 10A3F..10A47, 10A50..10A58 65 L2/02-203R2 N2524 Glass, Andrew; Baums, Stefan; Salomon, Richard (2002-09-19), Proposal to Encode Kharoshthi in Plane 1 of ISO/IEC 10646
L2/02-424 McGowan, Rick (2002-11-20), Supplementary Information to Accompany L2/02-203R2, Proposal to Encode Kharoshthi
L2/03-314R2 N2732 Glass, Andrew; Baums, Stefan; Salomon, Richard (2003-09-18), Proposal to Encode Kharoshthi in Plane 1 of ISO/IEC 10646
N2956 Freytag, Asmus (2005-08-12), "Representative glyphs for U+17D2 and U+10A3F", Unicode Consortium Liaison Report for WG2 Meeting #47
L2/05-180 Moore, Lisa (2005-08-17), "Consensus 104-C12", UTC #104 Minutes, Change the representative glyphs for Kharoshthi U+10A3F and Khmer U+17D2 to be the same as U+17D2, but with both enclosed in a dashed box...
N2953 (pdf, doc) Umamaheswaran, V. S. (2006-02-16), "M47.16 (Miscellaneous glyph defects)", Unconfirmed minutes of WG 2 meeting 47, Sophia Antipolis, France; 2005-09-12/15
11.0 U+10A34..10A35, 10A48 3 L2/17-012 N4812 Glass, Andrew; Baums, Stefan (2017-01-17), Additional Characters for Kharoṣṭhī Script
L2/17-037 Anderson, Deborah; Whistler, Ken; Pournader, Roozbeh; Glass, Andrew; Iancu, Laurențiu; Moore, Lisa; Liang, Hai; Ishida, Richard; Misra, Karan; McGowan, Rick (2017-01-21), "8. Kharoshthi", Recommendations to UTC #150 January 2017 on Script Proposals
L2/17-016 Moore, Lisa (2017-02-08), "C.2.1", UTC #150 Minutes
  1. ^ Proposed code points and characters names may differ from final code points and names


  1. ^ "Unicode character database". The Unicode Standard. Retrieved 2016-07-09.
  2. ^ "Enumerated Versions of The Unicode Standard". The Unicode Standard. Retrieved 2016-07-09.