Khar Turan National Park

Khar Turan National Park or Touran Wildlife Refuge is a National Park in Iran. It is situated in the Semnan province, southeast of Shahrud. With a size of 1,400,000 hectares (14,000 km2), it is the second largest reserve in Iran. Khar Turan National Park also called the little Africa in Iran, is registered as the second biosphere reserve in the world by UNESCO (biosphere reserves are protected areas of ecosystems promoting solutions to reconcile the conservation of biodiversity with sustainable use), Turan National Park and Wildlife Refuge is one of the astonishing expanses to observe the mysteries of the wildlife accustomed to arid and semi-arid regions of Iran. Being the second-largest reserve in this country, this park embraces arid highlands, lowlands, mounts, sands, and endless salt pans. [2]

Olang, Khar Turan National Park, 2016.
پارک ملی توران.jpg


Khar Turan is home to one of the largest populations of the critically endangered Asiatic cheetah. There were about 12 – 15 of these cats in the area. Occasional reports of females with cubs indicate a breeding and perhaps growing population. On late December 2014, four new cheetahs have been spotted by camera traps.[3] Another four new individuals consisting of a female and her three cubs had been reported in January 2015, after another eleven new cheetahs were spotted a month before,[4] and an additional eight cheetahs had been spotted in July 2015.[5] With the increasing numbers of cheetahs in Khar Turan, there is an estimated population of between 39 and 42 individuals.

Khar Turan has the largest population of Persian onager, and two species of gazelles: the goitered gazelle and Indian gazelle, both in good numbers. There are also wild sheep and goats in the reserve.[citation needed]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "UNESCO Biosphere Reserve Directory".
  2. ^ "Khar Turan National Park".
  3. ^ "Camera traps capture 4 new Asiatic Cheetahs in Iran". 28 December 2014. Retrieved 6 July 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  4. ^ "Female Asiatic cheetah, 3 cubs sighted in Turan National Park". 21 January 2015. Retrieved 6 July 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  5. ^ "8 Asiatic cheetahs spotted in Shahroud". 3 July 2015. Retrieved 3 July 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 36°30′00″N 55°30′00″E / 36.5000°N 55.50000°E / 36.5000; 55.50000