Khao Ang Rue Nai Wildlife Sanctuary

The Khao Ang Rue Nai Wildlife Sanctuary (Thai: เขตรักษาพันธุ์สัตว์ป่าเขาอ่างฤๅไน) is a protected area at the western extremities of the Cardamom Mountains in Chachoengsao Province, Thailand. Founded in 1977, it is an IUCN Category IV wildlife sanctuary, measuring over 1,000 km2[1] (67,400 rai; 10,784 ha) in area.[2] South-east of, and connected with, the wildlife sanctuary is the Khao Sip Ha Chan National Park. South-west of the protection is the Khao Chamao–Khao Wong National Park.

Khao Ang Rue Nai Wildlife Sanctuary
เขตรักษาพันธุ์สัตว์ป่าเขาอ่างฤๅไน
IUCN category IV (habitat/species management area)
Map showing the location of Khao Ang Rue Nai Wildlife Sanctuary
Map showing the location of Khao Ang Rue Nai Wildlife Sanctuary
Location in Thailand
LocationThailand
Nearest cityChachoengsao
Coordinates13°12′00″N 101°44′00″E / 13.20000°N 101.73333°E / 13.20000; 101.73333Coordinates: 13°12′00″N 101°44′00″E / 13.20000°N 101.73333°E / 13.20000; 101.73333
Area1,000+ km2
Established1977
Governing bodyWildlife Conservation Office

The sanctuary is partly covered by lowland evergreen forest, along with dry and moist evergreens, mixed deciduous, deciduous dipterocarp, as well as grassland.[1]

Human-elephant conflictEdit

The Thai Department of National Parks (DNP) has estimated that in 2008 the elephant population of Khao Ang Rue Nai was just 219 animals. In recent years this number has grown by 9.83 percent per year, meaning that the reserve now has 275 or so elephants. The twenty new animals born every year exceed the death rate. Their expanding population has meant that they travel further afield in search of food. Thus the villages that border the sanctuary are subject to about 25 raids on crops per month. Due to the average crop damage of six rai per year per household, crop damage costs each household nearly 35,000 baht or 19 percent of average household income. Affected households spend an average of 212 nights awake per year guarding their fields. The DNP has resorted to various measures to reduce the conflict, including growing food crops in the forest for the animals. A spokesman for the DNP noted, on behalf of the elephants, that, "We are also encroaching into forest, making it harder for elephants, which already face limited food sources....it is our task not to invade their homes."[2]

SourceEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "KHAO ANG RUE NAI WILDLIFE SANCTUARY". Tourism Authority of Thailand (TAT). Retrieved 15 April 2018.
  2. ^ a b Mala, Dumrongkiat (15 April 2018). "Conservation a Victim of Its Own Success" (in Spectrum). Bangkok Post. Retrieved 15 April 2018.