Khaled (musician)

Khaled Hadj Ibrahim (Arabic: خالد حاج إبراهيم‎, born 29 February 1960), better known by his mononym Khaled (Arabic: خالد‎, pronounced [ˈxaːled]), is an Algerian musician, singer and songwriter born in Oran. He began recording in his early teens under the name Cheb Khaled (الشاب خالد, Arabic for "Young" Khaled, as opposed to the traditionalist Sheikh elders). He was crowned "King of Raï" in the first Raï festival in Oran and has since become the world's best-known Arab singer ever.[2] His most famous songs are "Didi", "El Arbi", "Aïcha" and "C'est la vie" as well as "Alech Taadi", which was prominently featured in the 1997 film The Fifth Element.[3]

Cheb Khaled performing in Oran in July 2011
Khaled performing in Oran in July 2011
Background information
Birth nameKhaled Hadj Ibrahim
(In Arabic خالد حاج إبراهيم)
Also known asKing of Raï
Cheb Khaled
Born (1960-02-29) 29 February 1960 (age 60)
Oran, Algeria
  • Musician
  • singer
Years active1984–present
LabelsUniversal Music


Personal lifeEdit

Khaled Hadj Ibrahim was born in 1960 in Oran's Eckmühl neighborhood, Algeria.[4][5]

On 12 January 1995, Khaled married Samira Diabi, 27, has four daughters and one son.

In 1997, his wife filed a complaint against him for domestic violence, before retracting.[6][7]

In 1998, the documentary Khaled: Derrière le sourire was produced, recounting his life.

Khaled has an illegitimate son with whom he has no contact. Before a court in 2001, he denied being the father of the child, continuing to claim that he had been "deceived".[8][9] On 7 May 2001, Khaled was sentenced by the Nanterre criminal court to a two-month suspended prison sentence for "family desertion".[10] His move to Luxembourg in 2008, where he's been residing ever since, has reportedly been motivated by these charges.[11]

He was awarded Moroccan citizenship in August 2013,[12] which he didn't ask for but accepted because he felt he could not refuse.[13]

On 3 April 2015, Khaled was convicted for plagiarism of Didi, from Angui ou Selmi, a musical composition recorded by Cheb Rabah (born Rabah Zerradine) in 1988.[14][15][16] But on 13 May 2016, Court of Cassation removed the charges against Khaled, when a 1982 audio tape with the song was shown. This tape was recorded by Khaled and given to a producer located in Oran, 6 years before Cheb Rabah's record. In the end, Rabah had to compensate Khaled for the fees during this case.[17]

Musical careerEdit

At the age of 14, he founded the Cinq Étoiles (Five Stars) band and started performing in nightclubs and at weddings. In the 1980s, Khaled started producing and singing songs in the Raï genre.

His rise to national fame was mainly due to the efforts of Lieutenant-Colonel Hosni Snoussi, director of the state-supported arts and culture Office Riadh el Feth, who took Khaled under his wing and invited him along with other rai stars to perform at the state-sponsored Festival de la Jeunesse pour la Fête Nationale in Algiers in July 1985.[11][2] In the same year, he was crowned king of rai in the first official festival of rai which was staged in Oran.[18]

Hosni Snoussi and Martin Meissonnier, who met at the Festival, convinced France's Minister of Culture Jack Lang that the export of rai from Algeria to France was in the French government's interest and together they organized the first rai festival in France at Bobigny in 1986. Cheb Khaled, who had been avoiding his mandatory military service, was able to perform at Bobigny only after Colonel Snoussi intervened with the Algerian military authorities to secure him a passport.[11][2] Shortly thereafter, Snoussi arranged for Cheb Khaled to record in France, with funding from the Office Riadh el Feth. The album, Kutché, released in 1988, a collaboration between Khaled and the Algerian jazz musician Safy Boutella, expanded his reputation in France, where he soon settled.[11]

In 1992, having dropped the "Cheb" from his performance name, he recorded Khaled, which was produced by Don Was. The album's first single Didi, which was a major hit in Europe, the Arab World, and in South and East Asia, made him an international superstar.[11]

International audienceEdit

Cheb Khaled performing at the 7th annual Concert for Tolerance in Agadir (2012).

Khaled's signature song, the 1993 hit "Didi", became extremely popular in the Arabic-speaking countries and also in several other continents, including Europe, where it entered top charts in France, Belgium and Spain, and in Asia, including India and Pakistan. The song was also used in a Bollywood films Shreeman Aashiq and Airlift and a Mollywood film titled Highway. Khaled and producer Don Was appeared on The Tonight Show on 4 February 1993.[19] Khaled is a winner of numerous awards, and has sold over 45 million albums worldwide.[20] In 2010 he performed Didi at the opening ceremony of the 2010 FIFA World Cup in South Africa. In 2012 Khaled's album C’est la vie sold more than one million copies in the European market, 1.8 million copies in the Middle East and North Africa, and over 4 million copies worldwide.[21][22] The album reached number 5 on SNEP, the official French Albums Chart.[23]


This discography does not include a number of albums released on cassette in Algeria early in his career, and several bootleg/unofficial albums.

Studio albumsEdit

Year Album Charts Certification
1974 Trig lycee
1978 Nenssa Souad
1983 Der Ghalta
1985 Khoude K'rak
1988 Kutché (with Safy Boutella)
1992 Khaled
1993 N'ssi N'ssi
1996 Sahra 24 7 3 33 26
1999 Kenza 49 57
2004 Ya-Rayi 41 52 70
2009 Liberté 95 51
2012 C'est la vie 27 18 96
"—" denotes releases that did not chart or were not released

Live albumsEdit

Year Album Charts Certification
1998 Hafla 28 29
Year Album Charts Certification
1999 1, 2, 3 Soleils
(credited to Taha / Khaled / Faudel)
14 4

Compilation albumsEdit

  • 1988: Ya Taleb
  • 1991: Le Meilleur de Cheb Khaled
  • 1993: S'hab El Baroud
  • 1994: Le Meilleur de Cheb Khaled 2
  • 1994: Kaisse Wa Laila
  • 2005: Forever King
  • 2005: Spirit of Rai
  • 2005: Les Années Rai
  • 2006: Salou Ala Nabi
  • 2006: Maghreb Soul – Cheb Khaled Story 1986–1990
  • 2006: Anajit Anajit
  • 2007: Best of Khaled
  • 2009: Rebel of Raï – The Early Years
  • 2010: Cheb Khaled – Double Best


Year Single Peak chart positions Album
1988 "Chebba" / "Baroud"
(Cheb Khaled & Safy Boutella)
23 25 1 88 5 7 11 Kutché
"Le Camel"
(Cheb Khaled & Safy Boutella)
1992 "Didi" 9 29 30 Khaled
"Ne m'en voulez pas"
"Mauvais sang"
1993 "Serbi Serbi" 50 N'ssi N'ssi
1994 "N'ssi N'ssi"
1995 "Bakhta"
1996 "Aïcha" 25 1 1 33 14 11 Sahra
1997 "Ouelli El Darek" 33 45 23 12 10 66
"La poupée qui fait non (live)"
(Mylène Farmer & Khaled)
5 6 Mylène Farmer's album
Live à Bercy
"Le jour viendra" 12 24 14 36 Sahra
1998 "Abdel Kader (Live à Bercy)"
(Taha / Khaled / Faudel)
36 6 Joint album 1, 2, 3 Soleils
by Taha / Khaled / Faudel
Original by Khaled alone
in his album N'ssi N'ssi
1999 "Comme d'habitude"
(Taha / Khaled / Faudel)
40 40 Joint album 1, 2, 3 Soleils
by Taha / Khaled / Faudel
"C'est la nuit" 35 29 Kenza
2000 "El harba wine"
(feat. Amar)
"Les ennemis (el Aâdyene)"
(Khaled vs. Fonky Family)
63 Single only
2001 "Wana wana" 97
2004 "Ya-Rayi" 12 11 36 25 80 Ya-Rayi
"Zine Zina" 12 22 18 58 12 23
2007 "La terre a tremblé" Best of Khaled
2009 "Même pas fatigué !!!"
(Magic System & Khaled)
10 1 49 Non-album release
(cover of Blaoui Houari)
2012 "C'est la vie" 5 5 4 92 34 33 C'est la vie
"Hya hya"
(feat. Pitbull)
"Dima Labess"
(featuring Mazagan)
2016 "Wahda Be Wahda" TBA
2018 "Mirage"
(featuring Soolking)
74 Fruit du démon
2019 "Maghreb Gang"
(featuring French Montana, Farid Bang)
7 4 6 Non-album release
2020 "Delali"
(featuring Gashi)
Non-album release
"Elle s'appelle Beyrouth"
(featuring Rodge)
Non-album release

Featured inEdit

(charting hits only)

Year Single Charts Album
2006 "Henna"[26]
(Cameron Cartio feat. Khaled)
86 9 Cameron Cartio's album


Year Song Main artist Album
1990 "Be Not Afraid" The Blow Monkeys Springtime for the World
1992 "Amdyaz" Hector Zazou Sahara Blue
1995 "Revolution, Revolutions"
"ElDorado" (UNESCO official anthem)
Jean Michel Jarre Concert Pour La Tolerance
"Didi" (with Johnny Clegg) Various Artists Duos Taratata
"N'ssi N'ssi"
Various Artists Going Global Series Voila
"Numb (Gimme Some More Dignity mix)" U2 Melon: Remixes for Propaganda
1997 "La poupée qui fait non" Mylène Farmer Live à Bercy
"Chanson du herisson" Various Artists Emilie Jolie
"Koubou Koubou" Various Artists The Rough Guide to the Music of North Africa
"Mâardi" Various Artists Sol En Si (Solidarité Enfants Sida)
1998 "Ensemble (Understand)"
Alan Stivell 1 Douar
"Oasis de los Dioses" Ketama Konfusion
1999 "Bladi" Freeman (feat.
K-Rhyme Le Roi & Khaled)
L'palais de justice
"¡Oh Madre!" Tekameli Ida y Vuelta
"Albey" Amr Diab Amarain
2000 "L'aziza" Various Artists Balavoine Hommages ...
"Time for a Change" Various Artists
(The Rapsody feat. MC Lyte
& DaNaCeE & Khaled)
The Rapsody
"Emmenez-moi" Les Enfoirés XXème siècle
"Le rêve de mon père" Kertra Labyrinthe
2001 "Aich Rebel Sun" Various Artists Big Men, Raï Meets Reggae
2002 Ojos de la Alhambra
(Eyes of the Alhamra)
Vincente Amigo Ciudad de los Ideas
(City of Ideas)
"Saludo A Chango" Compay Segundo Duets
2004 "Agir Réagir" Various Artists Agir Réagir
"Retour aux sources" Kore & Skalp Raï'N'B Fever
"L'enfant du pays" Rim'K L'enfant du pays
"Love to the people" Carlos Santana Non-album single[27]
"Dance with me" Enzo Avitabile & Bottari Save the World
2005 "Henna" Cameron Cartio Borderless
2006 "Mas and Louly" Diana Haddad Diana 2006
"Face à la mer"
(recorded in 1992)
Les Négresses Vertes À l'affiche (Best of),
"El Marsem" Enrique Morente Morente sueña la Alhambra (DVD)
2007 "Benthi" Mélissa Taxi 4
"Erjaii ya alf leila"
Bratsch Plein du monde
"Salamo Alaykom" Andy, Hakim Airport
2010 "Citizens of the World" Flying Machines, King Sunny Adé,
Kailash Kher, Cheng Lin
Citizens of the World
2012 "Mazal Wakfin" Warda Al-Jazairia, Baaziz single
"L'Oriental" Enrico Macias Venez tous mes amis!
2013 "El Baraka" Rim'K, Cheba Zahouania Non-album single
"Larosa" Medina Sista Minuten[28]
2014 "Shage3 7elmak-World cup 2014 Nancy Ajram Non-album single[29]
2018 "We Enta Maaya" Tamer Hosny Eish Besho'ak[30]
"Mirage" Soolking Fruit du démon
2019 "Salama So Good" Andy Non-album single[31]
2019 "Maghreb Gang" Farid Bang, French Montana Non-album single


Year Soundtrack song Film
1993 "Ragda"
"Mauvais Sang"
"Les ailes"
"Alech Taadi"
1, 2, 3, Sun
(French: Un, deux, trois, soleil)
"Didi" Caro diario
1995 "Didi" L' Âge des possibles
"Didi" Highway (1995)
"Les Ailes" Party Girl
1997 "Wahrane Wahrane"
"Cameleons" (with Cheb Mami)
100% Arabica
"Alech taadi" The Fifth Element
(featured in film, but not released on soundtrack album)
1999 "El Arbi" Vila Madalena soap opera
2000 "Wana wana aamel eih"
"Dour biha ya chibani"
Origine contrôlée
2002 "Ragda" The Truth About Charlie
"Minuit" The Good Thief
2004 De l'autre côté
2006 "Ya Dzayer"
"Mort de Messaoud"
"Sur la tombe"
"El Babour"
Indigènes (Days of Glory)
2007 "Benthi" (feat. Mélissa M) Taxi 4
2012 "Wahran Wahran" The Dictator



Below is a chronological list of awards won by Khaled


  1. ^ Gallucci, Michael. "Khaled – Kenza". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved 6 January 2012.
  2. ^ a b c Swedenburg, Ted (10 September 2010). "Khaled and the myth of rai". Foreign Policy. Retrieved 23 January 2020.
  3. ^ Dr Christine Cornea (6 June 2007). Science Fiction Cinema. Edinburgh University Press. p. 207. ISBN 978-0-7486-2870-4.
  4. ^ "Bio raï", Libération
  5. ^ Dictionary of African Biography: Abach – Brand. Oxford University Press. 2012. p. 2. ISBN 978-0-19-538207-5.
    Andy Gregory (2002). The International Who's Who in Popular Music 2002. Psychology Press. p. 276. ISBN 978-1-85743-161-2.
    Donald Clarke (1998). The Penguin encyclopedia of popular music. Penguin Books. p. 960.
    Steve Sullivan (17 May 2017). Encyclopedia of Great Popular Song Recordings. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. p. 692. ISBN 978-1-4422-5449-7.
  6. ^ JDD, Le (30 March 2009). "Khaled proclame sa Liberté". (in French). Retrieved 23 January 2020.
  7. ^ "Khaled traîné devant le juge par sa femme". Libé (in French). 14 June 1997. Retrieved 23 January 2020.
  8. ^ "VIDEO. Le fils caché de Khaled : "Je suis né d'un père trop connu"". (in French). 13 November 2013. Retrieved 23 January 2020.
  9. ^ "VIDEO. Le fils caché de Cheb Khaled : "Je voudrais juste qu'il vienne me parler cinq minutes" :Algerie Focus France". Algerie Focus (in French). 13 November 2013. Retrieved 23 January 2020.
  10. ^ "Deux mois de prison avec sursis pour Khaled". (in French). 7 May 2001. Retrieved 23 January 2020.
  11. ^ a b c d e Emmanuel Kwaku Akyeampong; Henry Louis Gates; Mr. Steven J. Niven (2 February 2012). Dictionary of African Biography. OUP USA. p. 349. ISBN 978-0-19-538207-5.
  12. ^ "Decret royal sur le bulletin officiel" (PDF). p. 2321. Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 February 2014. Retrieved 29 June 2014.
  13. ^ "Khaled, remis sur ses raï – Libération". Retrieved 29 June 2014.
  14. ^ "à propos de sa chanson à succès Didi : Khaled condamné pour plagiat". El Watan. Archived from the original on 12 April 2015. Retrieved 5 October 2015.CS1 maint: unfit url (link)
  15. ^ "Raï : Khaled condamné pour plagiat pour son tube " Didi "". Le Monde. Retrieved 5 October 2015.
  16. ^ ""Didi" : comparez la version de Khaled et l'originale de Rabah". Nouvel Obs. Retrieved 5 October 2015.
  17. ^ "Didi : la justice donne raison à Khaled". FIGARO (in French). 17 May 2016. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
  18. ^ Frederick Dorian; Orla Duane; James McConnachie (1999). World Music: Africa, Europe and the Middle East. Rough Guides. p. 420. ISBN 978-1-85828-635-8.
  19. ^ "Today's TV Tips". Atlanta Journal-Constitution. 4 February 1993.
  20. ^ William Forde Thompson (18 July 2014). Music in the Social and Behavioral Sciences: An Encyclopedia. SAGE Publications. p. 37. ISBN 978-1-4522-8302-9.
  21. ^ Steve Sullivan (17 May 2017). Encyclopedia of Great Popular Song Recordings. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. p. 693. ISBN 978-1-4422-5449-7.
  22. ^ Andrew Hammond (22 May 2017). Pop Culture in North Africa and the Middle East: Entertainment and Society around the World. ABC-CLIO. p. 40. ISBN 978-1-4408-3384-7.
  23. ^ emiratesvoice. "Cheb Khaled tops best French song list". emiratesvoice.
  24. ^ a b c d Steffen Hung. "Discographie Khaled". Retrieved 6 June 2014.
  25. ^ Steffen Hung. "Discography Khaled". Retrieved 29 June 2014.
  26. ^ Steffen Hung. "Cameron feat. Khaled – Henna". Retrieved 29 June 2014.
  27. ^ eMinor. "Cheb Khaled Ft. Carlos Santana – Love The People – Mi5 Financed Production | Mi5 Recordings Universal Music Group". ReverbNation. Retrieved 31 March 2020.
  28. ^ Larosa (feat. Cheb Khaled), retrieved 31 March 2020
  29. ^ كوكاكولا مصر – شجع حلمك – كأس العالم ٢٠١٤(مع نانسي عجرم & شاب خالد) | Play on Anghami, retrieved 31 March 2020
  30. ^ We Enta Maaya, retrieved 31 March 2020
  31. ^ "Khaled & Andy – Salama So Good". Facebook. 17 April 2019. Retrieved 7 February 2020.

External linksEdit