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Khün, or Tai Khün (Tai Khün: ᨴᩱ᩠ᨿᨡᩨ᩠ᨶ, /táj kʰɯ̌ːn/; Thai: ไทเขิน Thai pronunciation: [tʰaj kʰɤ̌ːn]), is the language of the Tai Khün people of Kengtung, Shan State, Myanmar.[3] It is a Tai language that is closely related to Thai and Lao. It is also spoken in Chiang Rai Province, Thailand, and Yunnan Province, China.

Khun
Pronunciation /táj kʰɯ̌ːn/
Native to Burma (Shan State), Thailand
Region Kengtung
Native speakers
(100,000 cited 1990)[1]
Kra–Dai
Tai Tham script, Thai script
Language codes
ISO 639-3 kkh
Glottolog khun1259[2]

Contents

Geographical distributionEdit

In China, there are about 10,000 Tai Khuen (Chinese: 傣艮/傣痕) people in the following areas of Yunnan province (Gao 1999).[4]

PhonologyEdit

  Labial Alveolar Postalveolar
/ palatal
Velar Glottal
Nasal [m] [n] [ɲ] [ŋ]  
Plosives
and
affricates
[pʰ] [tʰ] [tɕʰ] [kʰ]  
[p] [t] [tɕ] [k] [ʔ]*
[b] [d]  
Fricative [f] [s]     [h]
Trill   [r]**      
Approximant   [l] [j] [w]  
* The glottal plosive is implied after a short vowel without final, or silent before a vowel.
** The [r] is often used with Sankrit and Pali loanwords.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Khun at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Khun". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  3. ^ bloggang.com (thai)
  4. ^ Gao Lishi 高立士. 1999. 傣族支系探微. 中南民族学院学报 (哲学社会科学版). 1999 年第1 期 (总第96 期).

External linksEdit