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Kensuke Miyagi (宮城 健介, Miyagi Kensuke),[citation needed] known as Mr. Miyagi and also identified in the film The Karate Kid Part II as Nariyoshi Miyagi (宮城 成義, Miyagi Nariyoshi),[citation needed] is a fictional karate master played by Japanese-American actor Pat Morita.[2] Mr. Miyagi mentors the characters Daniel LaRusso and Julie Pierce in the Karate Kid films. Morita earned an Academy Award nomination for his performance in the first film.[3]

Kensuke Miyagi
宮城健介
Pat-Morita (Karate Kid).jpg
Mr. Miyagi in The Karate Kid
First appearance The Karate Kid (1984)
Last appearance The Next Karate Kid (1994)
Created by Robert Mark Kamen
Portrayed by Pat Morita (films)[1]
Fumio Demura (fight scenes in films)
Robert Ito (animated series)
Information
Nickname(s) Miyagi Yakuga
Mr. Miyagi
Miyagi-sensei
Title Staff Sergeant (US Army)
Nationality Japanese American

The Karate Kid screenwriter Robert Mark Kamen stated that Mr. Miyagi was named after Chōjun Miyagi, the founder of Goju Ryu Karate-Do.[4] Also, the karate style depicted in the movies is the Goju Ryu style.

Contents

Fictional biographyEdit

Early lifeEdit

An Okinawan Japanese immigrant to the United States, Kensuke Miyagi learned karate originally from his father, who had been a fisherman. Miyagi initially had a job working for the father of his best friend, Sato, who was also taught karate by Miyagi's father. Traditionally karate was only taught from father to son but Miyagi's father taught Sato after a request from his son. When Miyagi fell in love with a young woman named Yukie, who was arranged to marry Sato, Sato felt dishonored by this, and challenged Miyagi to a fight to the death. To avoid the fight, Miyagi left Okinawa and emigrated to the United States.

World War II military serviceEdit

After first arriving in Los Angeles, he attended the University of California, Santa Barbara and was later interned in the Manzanar Japanese internment camp at the onset of World War II. During this time, Miyagi joined the U.S. Army and received the Medal of Honor (he was a member of the 442nd Regimental Combat Team, historically one of the most highly decorated regiments in the history of the United States Armed Forces, including 21 Medal of Honor recipients). While in the Army, he taught his Army commanding officer, Lt. Pierce, the art of karate. During his service, Mrs. Miyagi and their newborn son died in the Manzanar camp due to complications during childbirth, a loss that haunted him for decades.[5] What Miyagi did during the time between the war and the first Karate Kid film is not fully known.

Awards and decorationsEdit

Here are the medals and service awards displayed on Staff Sergeant Miyagi's uniform in The Karate Kid.

Personal decorations
  Silver Star
  Bronze Star Medal
  Army Commendation Medal
Purple Heart, w/1 bronze oak leaf cluster
Unit awards
  Presidential Unit Citation
Service Awards
  Army Good Conduct Medal
Campaign and service medals
  American Campaign Medal
European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal, w/4 service stars
  World War II Victory Medal
Other accoutrements
  Combat Infantryman Badge
  442nd Regimental Combat Team Combat Service Identification Badge

The Karate Kid filmsEdit

At the start of the first film, The Karate Kid, Miyagi works as a maintenance man in Daniel's apartment building.

In 1985, during The Karate Kid Part II, Miyagi learns that his father is dying, and returns to Okinawa, where he is reunited with Yukie. Sato relentlessly tries to goad Miyagi into a fight, but after Miyagi saves Sato from death during a typhoon, Sato renounces his hate and the two make peace.

In the third film, The Karate Kid Part III, Miyagi and Daniel begin a business of growing bonsai trees.

In the fourth film, The Next Karate Kid, he mentors the orphaned granddaughter of his former commanding officer and teaches her to dispel her anger through the healing powers of the Martial Arts. In doing so, he becomes a surrogate father to her.

Cultural influenceEdit

Karate styleEdit

Mr. Miyagi has a deep philosophical knowledge of life and has extraordinary martial arts skill. In the second film, Mr. Miyagi explains that he is descended from Shimpo Miyagi, who was very fond of both fishing and sake. One day in 1625 while fishing and very drunk, he passed out on his fishing boat off the coast of Okinawa and ended up on the coast of China. Ten years later, Shimpo returned to Okinawa with his Chinese wife, his two kids, and the secret of Miyagi family karate. This implies that Shimpo Miyagi, like many Okinawan karate masters, was trained in Chinese martial arts during his stay in China. The secret of the Miyagi family karate appears to be a Den-den daiko, on which the drum technique is based. Other aspects of the style involve the crane technique, breathing technique, techniques from the kata Tensho (wax on wax off) and the kata Seiunchin.

Appearance in Reality FightersEdit

Mr. Miyagi trains the player and is a hidden unlockable fighter in the game Reality Fighters for PS Vita. He wears his trademark outfit, uses a fishing pole as a weapon, repeatedly mentions his bonsai-growing, and makes subtle references to Karate Kid, including the fly-and-chopsticks exercise.

AwardsEdit

Mr. Miyagi was inducted into the Fictitious Athlete Hall of Fame in 2015 in the Contributor Category.[6]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Sullivan, Patricia (2005-11-26). "Noriyuki 'Pat' Morita, 73; Played 'Karate Kid' Teacher". Washington Post. Retrieved 2010-05-21. 
  2. ^ Cowan, Jared (2014-06-17). "How a Movie Shot in the San Fernando Valley Made Us All The Karate Kid". L.A. Weekly. Retrieved 2015-07-09. 
  3. ^ "Holy trilogy of the 'Karate Kid'". ESPN. Retrieved 2010-05-21. 
  4. ^ The Karate Kid Blu-Ray
  5. ^ Maslin, Janet (1984-06-22). "SCREEN 'KARATE KID,' BANE OF BULLIES". The New York Times. Retrieved 2010-05-21. 
  6. ^ "Fictitious Athlete Hall of Fame - Mr. Miyagi". Fictitious Athlete Hall of Fame.