Kennin (建仁) was a Japanese era name (年号,, nengō,, lit. "year name") after Shōji and before Genkyū. This period spanned the years from February 1201 through February 1204.[1] The reigning emperor was Tsuchimikado-tennō (土御門天皇).[2]

Change of eraEdit

  • 1201 Kennin gannen (建仁元年); 1201: The new era name was created to mark an event of shin'yū (辛酉), which is considered as the year of revolution in Sexagenary cycle. The previous era ended and a new one commenced in Shōji 3, on the 13th day of the 2nd month of 1201.[3]

Events of the Kennin eraEdit

  • 1201 (Kennin 1, May): The Kennin Rebellion is defeated.[4]
  • 1202 (Kennin 2, 1st month): Nitta Yoshishige, the deputy director for cuisine of Dairi (大炊助) in Daijō-kan, died. His court rank had been of the second rank of the fifth class (従五位下).[5]
  • 1202 (Kennin 2, 7th month): Minamoto no Yoriie was raised in the court's hierarchic standing to the second rank of the second class; and he was created the 2nd shōgun of the Kamakura shogunate.[5]
  • 1202 (Kennin 2, 10th month): Naidaijin Minamoto no Michichika died at 54; and his court position was then filled by dainagon Fujiwara no Takatada.[5]
  • 1202 (Kennin 2): On orders from Shōgun Minamoto no Yoriie, the monk Eisai founded Kennin-ji, a Zen temple and monastery in the Rinzai sect.[6]
  • 1203 (Kennin 3, 8th month): Shōgun Yoriie fell gravely ill.[5]
  • 1203 (Kennin 3, 9th month): Yoriie shaved his head and became a Buddhist priest; and the emperor named Minamoto no Sanetomo as the 3rd shōgun; and Hōjō Tokimasa became Sanetomo's shikken (regent).[7]


  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Kennin" in Japan encyclopedia, p. 509; n.b., Louis-Frédéric is pseudonym of Louis-Frédéric Nussbaum, see Deutsche Nationalbibliothek Authority File Archived 2012-05-24 at
  2. ^ Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, pp. 221-227; Brown, Delmer et al. (1979). Gukanshō, p. 340; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki, pp. 220-221.
  3. ^ Brown, p. 340.
  4. ^ "坂額御前(下)「勇士を産め」と甲斐国へ 弓は百発百中、朝敵の美女" [Hangaku Gozen (bottom) "Bring a brave man" to Kai Province.]. Sankei Shimbun (in Japanese). 4 July 2015. Retrieved 22 September 2021.
  5. ^ a b c d Titsingh, p. 225.
  6. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Kennin-ji" in Japan encyclopedia, p. 509.
  7. ^ Titsingh, p. 226.


External linksEdit

Preceded by Era or nengō

Succeeded by