Kenneth William Hechler (September 20, 1914 – December 10, 2016) was an American politician. A member of the Democratic Party, he represented West Virginia's 4th congressional district in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1959 to 1977 and was West Virginia Secretary of State from 1985 to 2001.
|26th Secretary of State of West Virginia|
January 14, 1985 – January 15, 2001
|Governor||Arch A. Moore, Jr.|
Cecil H. Underwood
|Preceded by||A. James Manchin|
|Succeeded by||Joe Manchin|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from West Virginia's 4th district
January 3, 1959 – January 3, 1977
|Preceded by||Will E. Neal|
|Succeeded by||Nick Rahall|
Kenneth William Hechler
September 20, 1914
Roslyn, New York, U.S.
|Died||December 10, 2016 (aged 102)|
Romney, West Virginia, U.S.
Carol Denise Kitzmiller (m. 2013)
|Residence||Slanesville, West Virginia, U.S.|
|Alma mater||Swarthmore College|
|Branch/service||United States Army|
|Years of service||1942–45|
|Unit||9th Armored Division|
|Battles/wars||World War II|
Early life and military serviceEdit
Of German-American descent, Hechler was born in Roslyn, New York on September 20, 1914 to Charles Henry and Catherine Elizabeth (Hauhart) Hechler. He held a BA from Swarthmore College, and an MA and PhD from Columbia University in history and government. Hechler served on the faculty of Columbia University, Princeton University, and Barnard College in the years leading up to World War ll.
Hechler held a series of minor appointed positions in the federal civil service until he was drafted into the United States Army during World War II in July, 1942. After graduation from Armored Force Officer Candidate School, he was assigned as a combat historian in the European Theater of Operations. Hechler helped chronicle the liberation of France, the 1944 Normandy invasion, Battle of the Bulge, and entrance into Nazi Germany. He was attached to the 9th Armored Division when an armored and infantry task force, part of Combat Command B, unexpectedly captured the Ludendorff Bridge spanning the Rhine river during the Battle of Remagen. He interviewed both U.S. and German soldiers involved at the time. He was awarded a Bronze Star and 5 battle stars. He returned after the war twice to interview Germans who took part in the battle. He found Captain Willi Bratge, one of two officers who had not been executed at Hitler's orders because he had been captured, and spent a week with him in the Remagen area learning about details of the battle. In 1957 he published the book The Bridge at Remagen: The Amazing Story of March 7, 1945 which was adapted into a film in 1969.
After the war ended, he was assigned to interview many of the defendants prior to the Nuremberg Trials, including Hermann Göring. (Hechler recorded him making a delusional offer to join the American side and "knock hell out of the Russians.")
Entry into politicsEdit
Next Hechler was a White House assistant to Harry S. Truman from 1949 to 1953 and Research Director for Adlai Stevenson's 1956 Presidential campaign. From 1953–1957 he was associate director of the American Political Science Association in Washington, DC. Hechler then was appointed to the faculty at Marshall University in Huntington, West Virginia. He ran for United States House of Representatives from West Virginia's Fourth Congressional District, which then included Huntington and many unionized mill towns along the Ohio River north of that industrial city, in 1958. He won a narrow victory by 3,500 votes. He would never face another general election contest anywhere near that close.
In Congress, he earned a reputation as a liberal Democrat and in 1965, he was the only member of Congress to march with Dr. Martin Luther King at Selma, Alabama. He was the principal architect of the Coal Mine Safety and Health Act of 1969, which for the first time put a ceiling on the amount of respirable coal dust allowed in coal mines, and stipulated stringent safety regulations. Though an opponent of the state Democratic machine, he faced little opposition in Democratic primaries and was reelected eight times.
Election of 1972Edit
In 1972, Hechler faced a strong primary challenge for the first time since his initial run for the seat. Following the 1970 Census, West Virginia's declining population cost it a congressional district. The state legislature merged Hechler's district with most of the old 5th District, comprising several coal-mining counties around Bluefield and Beckley. The 5th had been represented by Democrat James Kee of Bluefield since 1965, and members of his family had held the district continuously since 1933. While the new district retained Hechler's district number–the 4th–it was geographically and demographically more Kee's district. Kee retained 65 percent of his former territory. However, Hechler made the most of his union ties and routed Kee in the Democratic primary by almost 26 points. He easily won reelection in November, and was unopposed for reelection in 1974.
Running for GovernorEdit
In 1976, he entered a multi-candidate primary for governor, but lost that statewide race by a large margin. He then attempted a write-in campaign in his old district against the Democratic nominee, Nick Rahall. Rahall was a follower and former staffer for Robert Byrd. He lost to Rahall in a close election, taking 36 percent of the vote and pushing the Republican candidate into third place, and lost again to Rahall in the Democratic primary of 1978. Following these unsuccessful political bids, Hechler resumed his teaching career at Marshall University, the University of Charleston and West Virginia State University.
In 1984 Hechler ran for West Virginia Secretary of State and won. He was re-elected in 1988, 1992, and 1996. In 1990, he again ran, in the middle of his Secretarial term, for his old Congressional seat, but was defeated by Rahall in the primary. His term as Secretary of State is most known for his successful prosecution of Johnie Owens, who sold his position as Sheriff of Mingo County for $100,000 and was sentenced to fourteen years in federal prison. He also persuaded the West Virginia State Legislature to require that candidates publicly register loans, with specific terms of repayment. There was a growing rift between him and union leaders over his support of tough environmental laws, thought by union leaders to be at the cost of jobs.
As secretary of state, in 1985 he moved his legal residence to Charleston. Charleston is located in the 2nd District, which was vacated in 2000 by nine-term Democrat Bob Wise, who was running for governor. He lost a three-way Democratic primary bid for that seat. In 2000, at the age of 85, he walked 530 miles in joining Doris "Granny D" Haddock in her cross country walk on behalf of campaign finance reform, shortly before the passage of the McCain–Feingold Act.
In 2004 he ran yet again for his old post as secretary of state. This time, he won the Democratic primary by a plurality, but lost the general election to Republican Betty Ireland.
After the 2004 electionEdit
Beginning in 2004, Hechler campaigned against mountaintop removal mining. On June 23, 2009, Hechler, then aged 94, participated in a protest near mountaintop removal mining sites in the West Virginia coalfields in the Coal River valley along with others. He was one of 29 protesters arrested for trespass.
On July 21, 2010, Hechler filed to run in the special election to succeed the late Senator Robert Byrd, running in the primary against Gov. Joe Manchin. Hechler indicated that his primary goal in entering the race was to draw attention to what he viewed as the devastating impact of mountaintop removal mining in West Virginia. Hechler lost to Manchin, with less than 20% of the vote. He then endorsed Jesse Johnson of the Mountain Party for the Senate seat in the general election.
On August 12, 2013, Hechler, at the age of 98, married his long-time companion, Carol Kitzmiller, in Winchester, Virginia. On September 20, 2014, he turned 100. "The secret of longevity is to exercise," Hechler said. "I always exercised on the tennis court until I had to give that up, but I've got a new hip."
- Ken Hechler, The Enemy Side of the Hill: The 1945 Background on the Interrogation of German Commanders as Seen Subjectively by Major Kenneth W. Hechler, U.S. Dept. of the Army (1949)
- Ken Hechler, The Bridge at Remagen, Ballantine, First edition (January 1, 1957)
- Ken Hechler, Endless Space Frontier: A History of the House Committee on Science and Astronautics, 1959-1978 (Aas History Series), Univelt (February 1982), ISBN 978-0-87703-157-4
- Ken Hechler, Working With Truman, Putnam Adult; First Edition (November 19, 1982), ISBN 978-0-399-12762-5
- Ken Hechler, Holding the line the 51st Engineer Combat Battalion and the Battle of the Bulge, December 1944-January 1945 (SuDoc D 103.43/4:4), Office of History, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (1988)
- Ken Hechler, River-Horse: The Logbook of a Boat Across America, Penguin Books (1991)
- Ken Hechler, Hero of the Rhine: The Karl Timmermann Story, Pictorial Histories Publishing Company, (January 1, 2004), ISBN 978-1-57510-110-1
- Ken Hechler, Super Marine!: The Sgt. Orland D. "Buddy" Jones Story, Pictorial Histories Publishing Company (January 2007), ISBN 978-1-57510-135-4
- "WV MetroNews – Ken Hechler turns 100". Wvmetronews.com. Retrieved November 29, 2014.
- Barrett, Laurence I. (December 12, 2016). "Ken Hechler, W.Va. congressman and author of 'Bridge at Remagen,' dies at 102". Washington Post. Retrieved December 12, 2016.
- Donna Baxter. "the News-Leader". Archived from the original on May 1, 2013. Retrieved April 29, 2013.
- "Alumni Achievements - Ken Hechler '35". Swarthmore College Bullentin. Swarthmore College. October 2008. Archived from the original on June 24, 2010. Retrieved November 28, 2008.
- Johnson, Niel M. (November 29, 1985). "Oral History Interview with Ken Hechler". Harry S. Truman Presidential Library. Retrieved May 20, 2018.
- Press, Associated. "Ken Hechler, congressman who fought for miners and marched to Selma with Martin Luther King, dies at 102". chicagotribune.com. Retrieved December 13, 2016.
- News, ABC. "West Virginia Statesman, Author Ken Hechler Dies at 102". ABC News. Retrieved December 11, 2016.
- Bill von Ofenheim (March 9, 1962). "Members of House Committee on Science and Astronautics Visited MSFC". NASA Image eXchange. NASA STI (Scientific and Technical Information) Program. Archived from the original on June 15, 2011. Retrieved November 28, 2008.
- "Update on Today's Daring Dragline Protest, Launches 7 Days That Will Shake Mountaintop Removal Operations". The Huffington Post. Retrieved November 29, 2014.
- Toeplitz, Shira (July 21, 2010). "Politico: Manchin gets veteran Dem challenger". Politico.
- Kris Wise Maramba (July 21, 2010). "Hechler files to run against Manchin for U.S. Senate". Charleston Daily Mail. Archived from the original on July 9, 2012.
- Devereux, Ryan (July 23, 2010). "Meet the world's oldest Senate candidate". Salon. Archived from the original on July 28, 2010. Retrieved July 23, 2010.
- Times, Marietta (September 9, 2010). "Leading Democrat Ken Hechler endorses Jesse Johnson for West Virginia Senate seat". Green Senatorial Campaign Committee. Archived from the original on July 26, 2011. Retrieved September 9, 2010.
- "Former US congressman has lifetime of memories". The Journal. September 10, 2016. Retrieved September 17, 2016.
- "Former West Virginia Secretary of State passes away". Carolyn Blackburne. Your4State.com. December 10, 2016. Retrieved December 10, 2016.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ken Hechler.|
- Ken Hechler official website
- Ken Hechler for West Virginia official campaign site
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Profile at Vote Smart
- Oral History Interview with Ken Hechler, Harry S. Truman Library & Museum, November 29, 1985 by Niel M. Johnson
- Works by or about Ken Hechler in libraries (WorldCat catalog)
- Appearances on C-SPAN
|U.S. House of Representatives|
Will E. Neal
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from West Virginia's 4th congressional district
A. James Manchin
| Secretary of State of West Virginia
Joe Manchin III
| Oldest Living United States Representative
(Sitting or Former)
October 25, 2011 – December 10, 2016
John S. Wold