Kel Ahaggar (Berber: ⴾⵍ ⵂⴴⵔ) (trans: "People of Ahaggar") is a Tuareg confederation inhabiting the Hoggar Mountains (Ahaggar mountains) in Algeria. The confederation is believed to have been founded by the Tuareg matriarch Tin Hinan, whose monumental tomb is located at Abalessa. The official establishment is dated to around 1750. It has been largely defunct since 1977, when it was terminated by the Algerian government.
Kel Ahaggar Tuareg confederation Map
|Capital||Hoggar Mountains, Algeria|
• Kel Ahaggar established
• Under French suzerainty
• not recognized by independent Algeria
• terminated by Algerian Government
|Today part of||Algeria|
The language of the confederation is Tahaggart, a dialect of Tamahaq.
The Kel Ahaggar confederation is made up of a number of tribes, including:
In popular cultureEdit
- Ball, David (1999). Empires of Sand. Bantam. ISBN 0-553-11014-4. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) A novel about the 1881 attempt by the French government to drive a railroad through the heart of the Sahara, including the Ahaggar region. The expedition, led by Lt. Colonel Paul Flatters, was attacked by the Tuareg of the Kel Ahaggar.
- The 1957 film Legend of the Lost, starring John Wayne, Rossano Brazzi and Sophie Loren, has the trio on a treasure hunt in the Sahara. They come across a nomadic group which Wayne’s character, Joe January, states are “Hoggars”, and to be much feared.
- Source: the film itself, at around 48 minutes. See also: IMDB: Legend of the Lost
- Kel Ahaggar (in German)
- https://web.archive.org/web/20050922005745/http://www.petrabode.privat.t-online.de/detail.htm (in German)