Keifuku Electric Railroad

Keifuku Electric Railroad Co., Ltd. (京福電気鉄道株式会社, Keifuku Denki Tetsudō Kabushiki-gaisha) is a railroad company based in Kyoto Prefecture, Japan (but with offices in Fukui Prefecture) in operation since March 2, 1942.[1] It is a parent company of Keifuku Bus and Kyoto Bus, and an affiliated company of Keihan Electric Railway,[2] which owns 42.89% of the company stock. The company's stock is traded on the second section of the Tokyo Stock Exchange.

Keifuku Electric Railroad Co., Ltd.
Native name
京福電気鉄道株式会社
Keifuku Denki Tetsudō Kabushiki-gaisha
TypePublic (K.K.)
TYO: 9049
IndustryPrivate railroad
PredecessorKyoto Dento
Founded2 May 1942 (1942-05-02) in Kyoto, Japan
Headquarters
Kyoto
,
Japan
Area served
Japan
RevenueIncrease¥12.18 billion (2015)
Increase¥698 million (2015)
Increase¥658 million (2015)
Total assetsIncrease¥18.32 billion (2015)
Total equityIncrease¥5.23 billion (2015)
Number of employees
885 (2015)
ParentKeihan Electric Railway Co., Ltd.
Subsidiaries
Websitewww.keifuku.co.jp

LinesEdit

This railway started service in 1910,[3] operated at that time by Arashiyama Electric Tram Railway (嵐山電車軌道, Arashiyama Densha Kidō). It was transferred to the Kyoto-based electric power generation company Kyoto Dento (京都電燈, Kyōto Dentō). Later it built the Kitano Line.[4]

Formerly the company operated several railway lines in Fukui Prefecture. Some of them are now operated by Echizen Railway.[5]

The Eizan Electric Railway also belonged to Keifuku until 1985.[6][citation needed]

RandenEdit

The Randen (嵐電, Randen) is a small network of interurban lines classified legally as tramways in Kyoto.

Arashiyama LineEdit

Arashiyama Line
 
A Randen tram car at Kōryūji Station, in front of Kōryū-ji Temple
Overview
Native name嵐山本線
Line numberA
TerminiShijō-Ōmiya
Arashiyama
Stations13
Color on mapRed
Websiteranden.keifuku.co.jp/en/index.html
Service
Depot(s)Sai
History
Opened25 March 1910 (1910-03-25)
Technical
Line length7.2 km (4.5 mi)
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Electrification600 V DC Overhead line
Operating speed40 km/h (25 mph)
Route map
 

The Arashiyama Line (嵐山本線, Arashiyama Honsen) connects Kyoto's city center (Shijo-Omiya terminal) and scenic Arashiyama area in the western suburb.

No. Station Japanese Distance (km) Transfers Location
A1 Shijō-Ōmiya 四条大宮 0   Hankyu Kyoto Main Line (HK-84: Ōmiya Station) Shimogyo-ku, Kyoto
A2 Sai 西院 1.4   Hankyu Kyoto Main Line (HK-83) Nakagyo-ku, Kyoto
A3 Nishiōji-Sanjō 西大路三条 2.0 Ukyo-ku, Kyoto
A4 Yamanouchi 山ノ内 2.8
A5 Randen-Tenjingawa 嵐電天神川 3.7   Kyoto Municipal Subway Tozai Line (T17: Uzumasa Tenjingawa Station)
A6 Kaikonoyashioro 蚕ノ社 3.9
A7 Uzumasa-Kōryūji 太秦広隆寺 4.4
A8 Katabiranotsuji 帷子ノ辻 5.2
A9 Arisugawa 有栖川 5.7
A10 Kurumazaki-Jinja 車折神社 6.2
A11 Rokuōin 鹿王院 6.5
A12 Randen-Saga 嵐電嵯峨 6.9
A13 Arashiyama 嵐山 7.2

Kitano LineEdit

Kitano Line
 
A Randen tram car under cherry blossoms
Overview
Native name北野線
Line numberB
TerminiKitano-Hakubaichō
Katabiranotsuji
Stations9
Color on mapBlue
Websiteranden.keifuku.co.jp/en/index.html
Service
Depot(s)Sai
History
Opened3 November 1925 (1925-11-03)
Technical
Line length3.8 km (2.4 mi)
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
ElectrificationOverhead line
Operating speed40 km/h (25 mph)
Route map
 

The Kitano Line (北野線, Kitano Sen) is from Kitano Hakubaicho Station near Kitano Tenmangū to Katabiranotsuji Station in the midst of Arashiyama (Main) Line.

No. Station Japanese Distance (km) Transfers Location
B9 Kitano-Hakubaichō 北野白梅町 0 Kita-ku, Kyoto
B8 Tōjiin Ritsumeikan University 等持院・立命館大学衣笠キャンパス前 0.7
B7 Ryōanji 龍安寺 0.9 Ukyo-ku, Kyoto
B6 Myōshinji 妙心寺 1.3
B5 Omuro-Ninnaji 御室仁和寺 1.7
B4 Utano 宇多野 2.1
B3 Narutaki 鳴滝 2.6
B2 Tokiwa 常磐 2.9
B1 Satsueisho-mae 撮影所前 3.5
A8 Katabiranotsuji 帷子ノ辻 3.8
  •   Randen Arashiyama Line
  •   JR West Sanin Main Line (Sagano Line) (JR-E07: Uzumasa Station)

Eizan CableEdit

Eizan Cable
 Eiden Eizan Main Line
Yase-Hieizanguchi
0 Cable Car Yase
1.3 Cable Car Hiei
Ropeway Hiei
 Eizan Ropeway

The Eizan Cable (叡山ケーブル, Eizan Kēburu), officially the Cable Line (鋼索線, Kōsaku-sen), is a funicular line in Sakyo-ku, Kyoto.

Eizan RopewayEdit

Eizan Ropeway
 Eizan Cable
Cable Car Hiei
0 Ropeway Hiei
0.5 Hiei Sanchō

The Eizan Ropeway (叡山ロープウェイ, Eizan Rōpuwei) (Ja) is an aerial tramway in Sakyo-ku, Kyoto. The line length is 0.5 km.

The cable and ropeway lines are for visitors to Mount Hiei on the northeastern edge of the city, together with Eizan Electric Railway's Eizan Main Line.

HistoryEdit

Arashiyama LineEdit

The Arashiyama Tram opened the line in 1910, with 1,435 mm gauge and electrified at 600 V DC. The Kyoto Electric Light Company acquired the line in 1918, and double-tracked the track between 1925 and 1928. Keifuku acquired the line in 1942.[7][citation needed]

Kitano LineEdit

The Kyoto Electric Light Company opened the line between 1925 and 1926, and double-tracked the Tokiwa to Narutaki section in 1930. Plans to double-track the rest of the line were abandoned as a result of the economic depression. Keifuku acquired the line in 1942.[7][citation needed]

Former connecting linesEdit

  • Arashiyama Station: A 3 km 1,435 mm gauge line electrified at 600 V DC and dual track except for the Kiyotaki tunnel operated to Kiyotaki between 1929 and 1944. It connected to a 2 km 1,067 mm gauge funicular which climbed 638 m to Atago Jinja on Mount Atago, Kosaku line which operated for the same period. Closed due to war time austerity measures, efforts to re-establish the incline in the 1950s were unsuccessful. (Atagosan Tetsudo [ja])[citation needed]

EtymologyEdit

"Keifuku" is composed of two characters "京" and "福", the former denoting Kyoto and the latter Fukui. As the Kyoto Dento lines used to be in Fukui, the hydraulic source, and in Kyoto, the company took the name "Keifuku".

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

This article incorporates material from the corresponding article in the Japanese Wikipedia

  1. ^ 会社概要:京福電気鉄道 (in Japanese). Retrieved 22 March 2007.
  2. ^ "FY2016 Financial Results Presentation - Keihan Electric Railway" (PDF). Retrieved 12 February 2017.
  3. ^ JTB Timetable No. 975 (April 2007) (in Japanese). Tokyo: JTB Corporation. pp. 836, 839.
  4. ^ Wakuda, Yasuo (和久田康雄) (1993). Shitetsushi Handobukku (私鉄史ハンドブック) (in Japanese). Tokyo: Denkisha Kenkyūkai (電気車研究会). p. 127. ISBN 978-4-88548-065-2.
  5. ^ Kokudo Kōtsū Shō Tetsudō Kyoku (2003). Tetsudō Yōran (Heisei 15 Nendo) (in Japanese). Tokyo: Denkisha Kenkyūkai. ISBN 978-4-88548-103-1.
  6. ^ 会社概要|叡山電車 [Company Profile - Eizan Electric Railway] (in Japanese). Retrieved 14 December 2015.
  7. ^ a b 嵐電の歴史 [Randen History] (in Japanese). Retrieved 12 February 2017.

External linksEdit