Keele Hall

Keele Hall is a 19th-century mansion house at Keele, Staffordshire, England, now standing on the campus of Keele University and serving as the university conference centre. It is a Grade II* listed building.[1]

Keele Hall
Keele Hall 0791.jpg
LocationKeele, Staffordshire
Coordinates52°59′59″N 2°16′13″W / 52.9998°N 2.2704°W / 52.9998; -2.2704Coordinates: 52°59′59″N 2°16′13″W / 52.9998°N 2.2704°W / 52.9998; -2.2704
Builtc.1851
Built forRalph Sneyd
ArchitectAnthony Salvin
Listed Building – Grade II*
Designated2 December 1952
Reference no.1377615
Keele Hall is located in Staffordshire
Keele Hall
Location in Cheshire

HistoryEdit

Early historyEdit

The manor of Keele was purchased by the Sneyd family in 1544,[2] a Staffordshire gentry family who held the mayoralty of the borough of Newcastle-under-Lyme several times as well as lands in nearby Audley and Bradwell.[3] In about 1580 Ralph Sneyd built a large gabled Tudor style house there.[4] The family prospered as coal (in nearby Silverdale, Staffordshire) and iron owners and also brick and tile manufacturers. During the English Civil War, Keele Hall was briefly instrumental is providing an asylum for King Charles II after the Battle of Worcester in 1651.[5] As royalist supporters, following the final Parliamentarian victory, the Sneyd family were heavily fined.[3]

New hallEdit

The hall was inherited by Ralph Sneyd in 1829, following the death of his father. By the mid-19th century the hall was in a derelict state. In 1851 the old house was demolished and replacedwith the current mock Jacobean design by architect Anthony Salvin, possibly to emulate the neighbouring estate at Crewe Hall.[4][2] English architect William Eden Nesfield described Keele Hall as:

One of the best planned houses of its time and drew attention to the way it was adapted to the slope on which it stood

— Jill Allibone, Anthony Salvin: Pioneer of Gothic Revival Architecture

The park was landscaped circa 1768-70 by William Emes, who added to or enlarged existing ponds and planted trees to conceal what remained working farms in the park.[6] Its main natural feature is the wooded valley with ponds running south-east from Keele Hall to Springpool Wood at the park's southern extremity, abutting the M6 motorway. The pool in that wood was originally a hammer pond serving a forge.

Grand Duke Michael Mikhailovich of RussiaEdit

 
Keele Hall south facade, 1879

With the fortunes of the Sneyd Family in decline, the hall was let to Grand Duke Michael Mikhailovich of Russia, a son of Grand Duke Michael Nicolaievich of Russia and a grandson of Tsar Nicholas I of Russia, and his wife Countess Sophie von Merenberg, between 1900 and 1909.[7] They had undertaken a morganatic marriage that meant they would spend the rest of their lives living in exile in England, France and Germany.[8] The couple entertained frequently at Keele Hall, and guests included Sophie's father Prince Nikolaus Wilhelm of Nassau, Prince Francis of Teck, Prince Pyotr Sviatopolk-Mirsky and Russian ambassador Count Alexander von Benckendorff.[8] In 1901, Edward, Prince of Wales visited whilst visiting the Duke of Sutherland, whose residence was the nearby Trentham Hall.[9]

During the ten years the Grand Duke lived at Keele Hall, he took up the life of an English country gentleman. The couple were popular with the local population, regularly visiting the local school in Keele village. The town council of Newcastle-under-Lyme conferred on Michael the distinction of Lord High Steward of the borough in 1902.[8]

1945-PresentEdit

The Hall was requisitioned by the army during World War II and in 1948 with the aid of grant funding the Keele estate was sold by the Sneyd family for the establishment of the University College of North Staffordshire, which in 1962 became Keele University.[2] Today, Keele Hall is used to host conferences, events and weddings.[10]

ArchitectureEdit

ExteriorEdit

The house is constructed from red and yellow sandstone ashlar with rusticated quoins.[1] Designed to a roughly L-shape plan, the style is Jacobean Revival.[11][1] Built around a courtyard, it consists of three stories with cellars. To one side of the courtyard is a more simply built service wing.[1]

InteriorEdit

The interiors of the state rooms are decorated in a mixture of styles, including Louis XVI style and Renaissance Revival. Some rooms are influenced by the works of English architect William Kent.[12] The Tudor Revival dining room features tapestries from the Aubusson Manufactory and carvings in the style of Grinling Gibbons.[1] The dining room is now used by Keele University as the university common room.[13]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e Keele Hall, Historic England, retrieved 29 December 2020
  2. ^ a b c Evans, Shirley Rose (2014), Masters of their Crafts: the Art, Architecture and Garden Design of the Nesfields, Cambridge: Lutterworth Press
  3. ^ a b Pape, Thomas (1938), Newcastle-Under-Lyme in Tudor and Early Stuart Times, Manchester: Manchester University Press
  4. ^ a b Palmer, Allison (2011), Historical Dictionary of Romantic Art and Architecture, Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press
  5. ^ Ward, John (1843), The Borough of Stoke-upon-Trent, in the Commencement of the Reign of her Most Gracious Majesty, Queen Victoria, London: W Lewis & Son
  6. ^ Parks and Gardens (n.d.). "Keele Hall". Retrieved 2 January 2020.
  7. ^ Munby, Alan Noel Latimer (1972), Connoisseurs and Medieval Miniatures, Oxford: Claredon Press
  8. ^ a b c Andrew, Joe; Reid, Robert, Two Hundred Years of Pushkin, 3, Amsterdam: Rodopi
  9. ^ A Romanov Love Story at Keele, Keele University, n.d., retrieved 2 January 2020
  10. ^ Keele University (n.d.). "Keele Hall". Retrieved 2 January 2021.
  11. ^ Allibone, Jill (1987), Anthony Salvin: Pioneer of Gothic Revival Architecture, 1799-1881, Columbia, Missouri: University of Missouri Press
  12. ^ Pevsner, Nikolaus (1974), The Buildings of England: Staffordshire, New Haven, CT: Yale University Press
  13. ^ "University Common Room". Keele University. n.d. Retrieved 29 December 2020.

LiteratureEdit

  • J. M. Kolbert: The Sneads & Keele Hall, University of Keele, 1967.