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Kayo Shri Gowri(ಕಾಯೋ ಶ್ರೀ ಗೌರಿ) was the official anthem of the Kingdom of Mysore, under the rule of the Wadiyar Dynasty. The song was composed by Basavappa Shastry (1843-1891), the court poet of the Mysore Court under the rule of Maharaja Chamaraja Wodeyar, who reigned between 1868 and 1894.

Contents

HistoryEdit

In 1831, the princely state of Mysore was taken under British rule on pretext of maladministration. In 1881, after much deliberation, it was decided that the state would be given back to the Wodeyars. The princely state of Mysore was reconstituted and restored to Maharaja Chamaraja Wodeyar by the "Rendition of 1881". To commemorate this occasion, Maharaja Chamaraja Wodeyar asked Basavappa Shastry, the court poet of Mysore durbar, to compose a state anthem.

LyricsEdit

Lyrics of the Mysore State Anthem in KannadaEdit

ಕಾಯೌ ಶ್ರೀ ಗೌರಿ ಕರುಣಾಲಹರಿ

ತೊಯಜಾಕ್ಷಿ ಶಂಕರೀಶ್ವರಿ


೧. ವೈಮಾನಿಕ ಭಾಮಾರ್ಚಿತ ಕೊಮಲಕರ ಪಾದೇ

ಶ್ರೀಮಾನ್ವಿತ ಭೂಮಾಸ್ಪದೆ ಕಾಮಿತ ಫಲದೇ


೨. ಶುಂಭಾದಿಮ ದಂಭೋನಿಧಿ ಕುಂಭಜ ನಿಭ ದೇವೀ

ಜಂಭಾಹಿತ ಸಂಭಾವಿತೆ ಶಾಂಭವಿ ಶುಭವೇ


೩. ಶ್ರೀ ಜಯಚಾಮುಂಡಿಕೆ ಶ್ರೀ ಜಯಚಾಮೆಂದ್ರ

ನಾಮಾಂಕಿತ ಭೂಮೀಂದ್ರ ಲಲಾಮನ ಮುದದೆ"


Romanised transliteration of the lyrics of the Mysore State Anthem:
Edit

Kayou Sri Gowri, Karuna lahari,

Thoya Jakshi, Shankareeshwari


1. Vaimanika Bhamarchitha Komalakara Padhe

Shreemanvitha Bhoomaspade Kamitha Phaladhe


2. Shumbadima Dhambhonidhi kumbaja nibha devi

Jambhahitha Sambhavithe Shambhavi shubhavee


3. Sri jaya chamundike Sri Jayachamendra

Namankitha Bhomeendra Lalamana Mudade


Literal Meaning in EnglishEdit

Great Gowri, thou lotus eyed Goddess benign,
Pour forth on our Raja thy blessings divine.
Thou lady celestial, of the loveliest grace,
Upholding all being -unbounded as space.
As Indra to the demons - Agasthya to the sea- Thou makest all powers of evil to flee.
All good that men seek is by thy hand outpoured,
The consort co-equal of Sambhu, thy Lord.
O Chamundi, dark visaged lady divine,
Watch over Thy namesake of chamendra's line.


Mysore State Anthem; during Maharaja Krishna Raja Wadiyar IV:

During the lifetime of Late H.H. Maharaja Krishna Raja Wadiyar IV {1895 (Regency of His mother)-1902-1940}, the third stanza was modified as under:

ಶ್ಯಾಮಾಲಿಕೆ ಚಾಮುಂಡಿಕೆ ಸೊಮಕುಲಜ ಕೃಷ್ಣ<br> ನಾಮಾಂಕಿತ ಭೂಮೀಂದ್ರ ಲಲಾಮನ ಮುದದೇ ||೩||

Shyamalike Chamundike Somakulaja Krishna<br> Namamkita Bhumindra Lalamana Mudade ||3||

Mysore State Anthem; during Maharaja Jaya Chama Raja Wadiyar:

During the rule of the last King, Late HH, Sri. Jaya Chama Raja Wadiyar (1940-1950), the last charana was further modified and was set to music in Raga: shaMkarAbharaNa in trishrajAti Eka tALa, by the famous maestro Late Vainika Praveena V. Venkatagriyappa

ಶ್ರೀ ಜಯಚಾಮುಂಡಿಕೆ ಶ್ರೀ ಜಯಚಾಮೇಂದ್ರ<br> ನಾಮಾಂಕಿತ ಭುಮೀಂದ್ರ ಲಲಾಮನ ಮುದದೆ |೩|

Sri jaya jamundike Sri Jayachamendra<br> Namankitha Bhomeendra Lalamana Mudade |3|

MP3 format https://soundcloud.com/namma-kannada-naadu/mysore-state-anthem