Kaykhusraw III

Kaykhusraw III (Old Anatolian Turkish: كَیخُسرو سوم) or Ghiyāth ad-Dīn Kaykhusraw bin Qilij Arslān (Persian: غياث الدين كيخسرو بن قلج ارسلان‎; c. 1259-1263 – 1284) was between two and six years old when in 1265 he was named Seljuq Sultan of Rûm. He was the son of Kilij Arslan IV, the weak representative of the Seljuq line who was controlled by the Pervane, Mu’in al-Din Suleyman.

Kaykhusraw III
Seljuq sultans of Rum
Reign1265–1284
PredecessorKayqubad II
SuccessorMesud II
Bornc. 1259-1263
Died1284 (1285) (aged 21-25)
Names
Ghiyāth ad-Dīn Kaykhusraw bin Qilij Arslān
HouseHouse of Seljuq
FatherKilij Arslan IV

Reign (1265-1284)Edit

Mu’in al-Din Suleyman, empowered by the Mongol khan Abagha, had Kilij Arslan IV executed in 1266. The young Kaykhusraw became no more than a figurehead and played no part in the events of his reign, which were dominated first by the Pervane, the Mongol vizier of Rum and Fakhr al-Din Ali.

In 1283 Kaykhusraw was co-opted by the Mongol Kangirtay into a revolt against the Ilkhan sovereign Ahmad. Kaykhusraw was executed for his involvement in the rebellion in March 1284.

Kaykhusraw III was the last Seljuq sultan buried in the dynastic mausoleum at the Alaeddin Camii in Konya.

The throne of Kaykhusraw IIIEdit

His throne, a fine example of Seljuq woodcarving, survives in the Ethnography Museum of Ankara. It was previously housed in the Kızıl Bey Camii in Ankara.

SourcesEdit

  • Claude Cahen, Pre-Ottoman Turkey: a general survey of the material and spiritual culture and history, trans. J. Jones-Williams, (New York: Taplinger, 1968) 284 ff.
  • Blue Guide: Turkey (London: A&C Black, 1995) 602.

External linksEdit

  • Prof. Dr. Mehmet Eti. "Anatolian Coins > Seljuqs of Rum > Kay-Khusraw III page 1". Archived from the original on 2008-02-01.
Preceded by
Sultan of Rûm
1265–1284
Succeeded by