Vissel Kobe (ヴィッセル神戸, Visseru Kōbe) is a Japanese professional football club based in Kobe, Hyōgo Prefecture. The club plays in the J1 League, which is the top tier of football in the country. The team's home stadium is Kobe Wing Stadium, in Hyōgo-ku, though some home matches are played at Kobe Universiade Memorial Stadium in Suma-ku.
|Full name||Vissel Kobe|
|Ground||Noevir Stadium Kobe|
Hyōgo-ku, Kōbe, Hyōgo
|2020||J1 League, 14th of 18|
The club was founded in 1966 as the semi-professional Kawasaki Steel Soccer Club in Kurashiki, Okayama Prefecture. It was first promoted to the Japan Soccer League Division 2 in 1986, and stayed there until the JSL folded in 1992.
In 1995, the city of Kobe reached an agreement with Kawasaki Steel, the parent company, to move the club to Kobe and compete for a spot in the professional J.League as Vissel Kobe. Vissel is a combination of the words "victory" and "vessel", in recognition of Kobe's history as a port city. (Owing to its importance to the city of Kobe, Kawasaki Heavy Industries, parent company of former team patron Kawasaki Steel, remains a Vissel Kobe sponsor. Kawasaki Steel was eventually sold off to become part of JFE Holdings.)
Vissel Kobe began play in 1995 in the Japan Football League, a league below J.League, and the supermarket chain Daiei was slated as the club's primary investor. However, the economic downturn following the Great Hanshin earthquake forced Daiei to pull out and the city of Kobe became responsible for operating the club.
Despite finishing 2nd in the JFL in 1996, Vissel was promoted to the J.League (the champions, Honda FC, refused to abandon their corporate ownership and become a professional club) and began play in the top division of Japanese football in 1997. However, due to mismanagement, including the inability to secure investors and sponsors, Vissel has never been a contender for the league title. In December, 2003, mounting financial losses forced the club to file for bankruptcy protection.
In January 2004, Vissel was sold to Crimson Group, parent company of online merchant Rakuten, whose president is Kobe native Hiroshi Mikitani. Vissel's first signing under the Mikitani regime, İlhan Mansız, who was acquired partly to capitalize on his popularity during the 2002 FIFA World Cup hosted in Korea and Japan, was a massive failure – the Turkish forward played just three matches before leaving the team because of a knee injury. Mikitani also alienated supporters by changing the team uniform colours from black and white stripes to crimson, after his Crimson Group and the colour of his alma mater, Harvard Business School. The Tohoku Rakuten Golden Eagles, a baseball team also owned by Rakuten but based in Sendai, wear the same colours.
Vissel finished 11th in the league in 2004, the same position as the previous year, and finished 18th and last place in 2005, resulting in automatic relegation from J.League Division 1, or J1, to J2. During the two-year span, Vissel had five different head coaches. 2006 was Vissel's first season in J2 after nine years in the top division of soccer in Japan. They finished 3rd in the 2006 season and were promoted to J1 after beating Avispa Fukuoka in the promotion/relegation play-offs.
During the period of 2007 to 2011 Vissel finished in the bottom half of the table each year. In 2012 they finished 16th, third from last, and were again relegated to J2. In 2013, Vissel finished in second place, 4 points behind Gamba Osaka, which secured their return to J1 for the 2014 season.
On 6 December 2014, Rakuten Inc. bought the team from the Crimson Group. In May 2018, Vissel signed 2010 FIFA World Cup winner Andrés Iniesta from FC Barcelona. In December 2018 Vissel Kobe managed to sign David Villa from New York City FC the Spanish striker scored 13 goals in 28 games. Alongside Sergi Samper and Andrés Iniesta Villa was the third Spaniard in the team in that season in which the Emperor's Cup was won.
On 1 January 2020, first time finalist Vissel beat Kashima Antlers in the 2019 Emperor's Cup final at the recently opened New National Stadium to win the first title in the club history. The furthest Kobe had been in the Cup was the semifinals of 2000 and 2017. This was Spanish striker David Villa's last professional match. Vissel also qualified for the 2020 AFC Champions League for the first time. On 8 February 2020, Vissel beat Yokohama F. Marinos to win their first Japanese Super Cup title and respectively their second national title ever.
Record as J.League memberEdit
|Season||Div.||Tms.||Pos.||Attendance/G||J.League Cup||Emperor's Cup|
|1997||J1||17||16th||6,567||Group stage||Fourth round|
|1998||18||17th||7,686||Group stage||Third round|
|1999||16||10th||7,691||First round||Third round|
|2001||16||12th||13,872||Second round||Fourth round|
|2002||16||14th||10,467||Group stage||Third round|
|2004||16||11th||15,735||Group stage||Fourth round|
|2005||18||18th||14,913||Group stage||Fourth round|
|2007||J1||18||10th||12,460||Group stage||Fifth round|
|2008||18||10th||12,981||Group stage||Fifth round|
|2009||18||14th||13,068||Group stage||Fourth round|
|2010||18||15th||12,824||Group stage||Third round|
|2011||18||9th||13,233||First round||Third round|
|2012||18||16th||14,638||Group stage||Second round|
|2016||18||7th||17,018||Quarter-finals||Round of 16|
|2020||18||14th||6,041||Quarter-finals||Did not qualify|
- Tms. = Number of teams
- Pos. = Position in league
- Attendance/G = Average home league attendance
- Chugoku Soccer League: 1978–85 (as Kawasaki Steel Mizushima)
- Division 2 (Japan Soccer League Div. 2): 1986–91 (Kawasaki Steel Mizushima until 1987; Kawasaki Steel afterwards)
- Division 3 (Old JFL Div. 2): 1992–93 (as Kawasaki Steel)
- Division 2 (Old JFL): 1994–96 (Kawasaki Steel 1994; Vissel Kobe since 1995)
- Division 1 (J.League): 1997–2005
- Division 2 (J.League Division 2): 2006
- Division 1 (J.League Division 1): 2007–12
- Division 2 (J.League Division 2): 2013
- Division 1 (J1 League): 2014–present
Total (as of 2014): 16 seasons in the top tier, 11 seasons in the second tier, 2 seasons in the third tier and 8 seasons in the Regional Leagues.
|2020||AFC Champions League||Group G||Johor Darul Ta'zim||1st|
|Suwon Samsung Bluewings|
|Round of 16||Shanghai SIPG|
|Quarter-finals||Suwon Samsung Bluewings|
- As of March 8 2021.
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
|Hiroshi Matsuda||Japan||January 2002 – December 2002|
|Ivan Hašek||Czech Republic||January 2003 – December 2004|
|Hideki Matsunaga||Japan||January 2005 – April 2005|
|Émerson Leão||Brazil||May 2005 – June 2005|
|Pavel Řehák||Czech Republic||2005|
|Stuart Baxter||Scotland||January 2006 – December 2006|
|Hiroshi Matsuda||Japan||January 2007 – December 2008|
|Caio Júnior||Brazil||December 2008 – June 2009|
|Masahiro Wada (interim)||Japan||July 2009 – August 2009|
|Toshiya Miura||Japan||August 2009 – September 2010|
|Masahiro Wada||Japan||September 2010 – April 2012|
|Ryo Adachi (interim)||Japan||April 2012 – May 2012|
|Akira Nishino||Japan||May 22, 2012 – November 8, 2012|
|Ryo Adachi (interim)||Japan||November 9, 2012 – December 31, 2012|
|Ryo Adachi||Japan||January 1, 2013 – December 11, 2014|
|Nelsinho Baptista||Brazil||December 12, 2014 – August 16, 2017|
|Takayuki Yoshida||Japan||August 16, 2017 – September 16, 2018|
|Kentaro Hayashi (interim)||Japan||September 17, 2017 – October 4, 2018|
|Juan Manuel Lillo||Spain||October 5, 2018 – April 17, 2019|
|Takayuki Yoshida||Japan||April 17, 2019 – June 8, 2019|
|Thorsten Fink||Germany||June 8, 2019 – September 22, 2020|
|Atsuhiro Miura||Japan||September 24, 2020 – present|
- "CLUBS & PLAYERS : J.LEAGUE.JP". jleague.jp. Retrieved 15 October 2018.
- Ｊリーグ – ヴィッセル神戸 [J.League – Vissel Kobe] (in Japanese). J.League. Archived from the original on 3 December 2013. Retrieved 29 November 2013.
- "Rakuten Acquires Football Club Vissel Kobe and Joins the J-League". Rakuten Official Website.
- "Iniesta signs with Japan's Vissel Kobe". dailystar.com.lb. 24 May 2018. Retrieved 15 October 2018.
- "「天皇杯 JFA 第99回全日本サッカー選手権大会」優勝のお知らせ" (in Japanese). Vissel Kobe. 1 January 2020. Retrieved 1 January 2020.
- "Andres Iniesta leads Vissel Kobe to Emperor's Cup glory as David Villa ends career". Daily Mirror. 1 January 2020. Retrieved 1 January 2020.
- "Vissel Kobe win Japanese Super Cup after farcical shootout". Eurosport. 2020-02-08. Retrieved 2020-02-09.
- "VISSEL KOBE OFFICIAL WEB SITE : Squad details". vissel-kobe.co.jp. Retrieved February 19, 2021.
- "Football: Former Japan midfielder Atsuhiro Miura named Vissel Kobe boss". Kyodo News. 24 September 2020.
- "J-League's Vissel Kobe announces business partnership with Thailand's Chonburi FC". goal.com. Mar 30, 2012. Retrieved November 29, 2013.
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