Kawanishi (川西町, Kawanishi-machi, IPA: [ka̠ɰᵝa̠ɲ̟iɕima̠t͡ɕi]) is a town located in Yamagata Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 January 2020[update], the town had an estimated population of 14,967 in 5052 households, and a population density of 90 persons per km². The total area of the town is 166.46 square kilometres (64 sq mi).
Kawanishi Town Hall
Location of Kawanishi in Yamagata Prefecture
|• Total||166.46 km2 (64.27 sq mi)|
|• Density||90/km2 (230/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)|
|Address||1567 Kamikomatsu, Kawanishi-machi, Higashiokitama-gun, Yamagata-ken 999-0193|
Kawanishi is located in the southwest of the Yonezawa Basin. There are two major rivers, the Mogami River and the Omonogawa River, running along the town's borders. The literal meaning of Kawanishi is "west of the river", which refers to its location west of the Mogami River. Also, there are two minor rivers, the Inukawa and the Kurokawa, running through the town.
Per Japanese census data, the population of Kawanishi peaked around the year 1950, and has gradually been decreasing over the past 70 years. It is now considerably less than it was a hundred years ago.
Kawanishi has a Humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) with large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold) winters. Precipitation is significant throughout the year, but is heaviest from August to October. The average annual temperature in Kawanishi is 11.2 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1555 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 25.0 °C, and lowest in January, at around -1.5 °C.
The area of present-day Kawanishi was part of ancient Dewa Province. After the start of the Meiji period, the area became part of Higashiokitama District, Yamagata Prefecture. The nineteenth-century English traveler, Isabella Bird, stayed in the town, and noted the Yonezawa Basin area "as a 'Garden of Eden,' ground that smiles fruitfully, and Arcadia in Asia." The town of Kawanishi was established on January 1, 1955 by the merger of the villages of Otsuka, Inukawa, Komatsu and Chugun from Meiji period]], the area became part of Higashiokitama District and the village of Tamaniwa from Minamiokitama District. The village of Yoshijima from Higashiokitama District joined the town on February 1, 1955.
Kawanishi has six public elementary schools and one public middle school operated by the town government, and one public high school operated by the Yamagata Prefectural Board of Education.
- Kawanishi Dahlia Park
Noted People from KawanishiEdit
- Hisashi Inoue, playwright and writer of comic fiction.
Media related to Kawanishi, Yamagata at Wikimedia Commons