Katsina State (Hausa: Jihar Katsina جىهر كثينا; Fula: Leydi Katsina 𞤤𞤫𞤴𞤣𞤭 𞤳𞤢𞥁𞤭𞤲𞤢) is a state in the northwestern geopolitical zone of Nigeria. Katsina State borders on the Republic of Niger to the north for 250 km (155 miles) and the States of Jigawa for 164 km (102 miles) and Kano to the east, Kaduna to the south for 161 km (100 miles) and Zamfara to the west. States. Nicknamed the "Home of Hospitality", both the state capital and the town of Daura have been described "ancient seats of Islamic culture and learning" in Nigeria.[4]

Katsina State
Seal of Katsina State
Location of Katsina State in Nigeria
Location of Katsina State in Nigeria
Coordinates: 12°15′N 7°30′E / 12.250°N 7.500°E / 12.250; 7.500
Country Nigeria
Date created23 September 1987
 • BodyGovernment of Katsina State
 • Governor
Dikko Umar Radda (APC)
 • Deputy GovernorFarouk Lawal Jobe (APC)
 • LegislatureKatsina State House of Assembly
 • SenatorsC: Abdulaziz Yaradua (APC)
N: Nasir Zangon-Daura (APC)
S: Muntari Dandutse (APC)
 • RepresentativesList
 • Total24,192 km2 (9,341 sq mi)
 • Rank17th of 36
 (2006 census)
 • Total5,801,584
 • Estimate 
 • Rank3rd of 36
 • Density240/km2 (620/sq mi)
 • Year2021
 • Total$21.47 billion[2]
 • Per capita$2,359[2]
Time zoneUTC+01 (WAT)
postal code
ISO 3166 codeNG-KT
HDI (2018)0.454[3]
low · 30th of 37
WebsiteOfficial website

Katsina State was created in 1987, when it split from Kaduna State. With over 5,800,000 residents as at 2006, Katsina State is the fifth largest state in the country by population, despite the fact that it only ranks 17th out of 36 states in terms of area. Demographically, the Hausa people are the largest ethnic group in the state, and Islam is the most practiced religion.[5] In 2005, Katsina became the fifth state in Nigeria to adopt Sharia law.[6][7]

The current Governor of Katsina State is Dikko Umar Radda, a member of the All Progressives Congress and ally of President Bola Ahmed Tinubu.[8] The state is considered a political stronghold of Buhari, a native of Daura, who won the state in the 2019 presidential election with almost 80% of the vote.[9]

In recent years, Katsina has been one of the Nigerian states hit hardest by terrorism.[10] In 2020, over 300 children were kidnapped by the terrorist group Boko Haram in the town of Kankara.[11][12]

Demography edit

Hausa are the largest ethnic group in the state [5]

Religion edit

The state is predominantly Muslim where the Gobarau Minaret is an important building therein. Sharia is valid in the entire state but meanly for the muslims.[13][14][clarification needed] The Church of Nigeria has a Diocese of Katsina.[15] The Redeemed Christian Church of God and the Roman Catholic Church are fairly present in the state.[16][failed verification][17]

History edit

Geography edit

Katsina State is about 23,938 square kilometres (9,243 sq mi). It is situated between latitude 11°07'49" and 13°22' 57" N and longitude 6°52'03" E and 9°9'02" E.[clarification needed] The state is from the tropical grassland known as savannah to the north and the state has two major seasons which are the rainy season and dry season.[18]

Climate edit

Katsina has a Subtropical steppe climate. The city's yearly temperature is 30.89 °C (87.6 °F) and it is 1.43% higher than Nigeria's averages. Katsina typically receives about 51.61 millimeters (2.03 inches) of precipitation and has 54.63 rainy days (14.97% of the time) annually.[19]

Local government areas edit

Katsina State comprises 34 local government areas:

Education edit

Umaru Musa yar'adua University

Katsina State is a centre of both formal and informal education. Umaru Musa Yar'adua University[20] is a public university owned by the state government. Al-Qalam University, the first Islamic university in Nigeria is privately owned. Federal University, Dutsin-Ma[21] is owned by the federal government as well as Federal College of Education, Katsina[22] (affiliated to Bayero University Kano[23]). National Open University of Nigeria, Isa Kaita College of Education Dutsinma (affiliated to Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria), a state owned college of education. Cherish Institute Batsari, a privately owned university awarding degree in health courses.[24]

Transport edit

Federal Highways edit

Eight roads to the Republic of Niger edit

  • from Jiba to RN18,
  • A9 (TAH5) at Jibiya to RN9,
  • the Kaita Rd north from Katsina Ring Rd at Shinkafi via Dan Kabba at Dankama to Magami,
  • northwest from A2 at Kongodumm via Mefaru to N20,
  • A2 (TAH 2) to RN10 at Kongodumm, Zango to Farwa via Beridji,
  • the Rahamawa-Yardaji Rd east from Baure to RN12,
  • north from the Birnin Mutum-Kanya Baba Miltara Rd in Mutum to RN11.

Other major roads edit

  • the Katsina-Gusau Rd west from A9 to Zamfara State at Gidan Baure,
  • the Daura-Katsina Rd east from Katsina,
  • the Safana-Karida-Dishi Rd east from A2 at Sandamu to Rogogo Cidari,
  • the Zango-Baure Rd northwest via Rogogo Massabka,
  • the Baure-Tumfushi-Birnin Mutum Rd east,
  • the Yashi-Daya Rd south from A9 at Gidan Mutum Daya via Jikamshi, Dan Janku, and Malumfashi to Mararraba Kankaro as the Furtua-Gobirawa Rd,
  • the Gwarzo-Gangara-Dayi Rd east from Dan Tatashi to Kano State at Gangara,
  • the Katsina-Kurfi Rd south from Katsina via Tsanni, Kurfi, Bichi, Dutsin Wai, Safana, Yan Tumaki, Kankara and Yargoje to Mararraba Kankaro as the Kankara-Sulubawa Rd,
  • the Bakori-Funtua Rd northeast from A126 at Funtua via Bakori and Dutsin Makurdi Fore to Mararraba Kankaro as the Malumfashi Rd,
  • the Funtua-Dan Dume Rd east from A126 at Sa Adu via Mahuta, Gyazama, Dan Dume and Mahazu to Zamfara State as the Bakin Dutsi-Farin Ruwa-Birnin Gwari Rd near Ungwan Kimba.

Airport edit

Katsina Airport has regular services to Abuja and Lagos.

Notable people edit

The Emir of Katsina, Muhammad Dikko dan Gidado, and other officials, 1911

Politics edit

The state government is led by a democratically elected governor who works closely with members of the state's house of assembly. The capital city of the state is Katsina.[53]

Electoral system edit

The governor of each state is selected using a modified two-round system. To be elected in the first round, a candidate must receive the plurality of the vote and over 25% of the vote in at least two -third of the State local government Areas. If no candidate passes threshold, a second round will be held between the top candidate and the next candidate to have received a plurality of votes in the highest number of local government Areas.[54]

References edit

  1. ^ "Katsina State: Subdivision". www.citypopulation.de. Retrieved 2024-02-07.
  2. ^ a b Okeowo, Gabriel; Fatoba, Iyanuoluwa, eds. (2022-10-13). "State of States 2022 Edition" (PDF). Budgit.org. BudgIT. Retrieved 2023-03-07.
  3. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  4. ^ "Home | Institute of International Studies". iis.berkeley.edu. Retrieved 2021-03-07.
  5. ^ a b Nkromah, Gamal. "Nigeria fastened with nails". Al-Ahram Weekly Online. Al-Ahram Weekly. Archived from the original on 2007-05-04. Retrieved 2007-04-24.
  6. ^ "CNN.com - Woman sentenced to stoning freed - Feb. 23, 2004". edition.cnn.com. Retrieved 2021-03-07.
  7. ^ "Katsina adopts Sharia". The New Humanitarian. 2000-08-01. Retrieved 2021-03-07.
  8. ^ "Katsina APC endorses Buhari, Masari for 2019". Retrieved 2021-03-07 – via PressReader.
  9. ^ "Buhari Wins Katsina with 1.2m Votes". THISDAYLIVE. 2019-02-25. Retrieved 2021-03-07.
  10. ^ Ojewale, Oluwole (2021-02-18). "Rising insecurity in northwest Nigeria: Terrorism thinly disguised as banditry". Brookings. Retrieved 2021-03-07.
  11. ^ "More than 300 schoolchildren are abducted in Nigeria". The Economist. 2020-12-19. ISSN 0013-0613. Retrieved 2021-03-07.
  12. ^ "Gunmen kidnap 'hundreds' of schoolboys in central Nigeria". France 24. 2021-02-17. Retrieved 2021-03-07.
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  14. ^ "AFRICA | Nigeria's Katsina state adopts Sharia". BBC News. Retrieved 2021-11-21.
  15. ^ "Church of Nigeria: Diocese of Lagos". Archived from the original on January 11, 2011.
  16. ^ "RCCG Katsina/Jigawa province celebrates". Archived from the original on 2011-10-08. Retrieved 2011-08-22.
  17. ^ "Two churches destroyed in Bauchi State, Nigeria". Retrieved 22 May 2017.
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