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Katherine Neville, Duchess of Norfolk

Katherine Neville (c. 1400 – late summer 1483) was a medieval English noblewoman, the eldest daughter of Ralph Neville, 1st Earl of Westmorland, and his second wife Joan Beaufort.[1] Through her mother she was a granddaughter of John of Gaunt.[2]

Katherine Neville
Titles and styles
Bornc. 1400
DiedLate summer 1483
Epworth, Lincolnshire
FamilyNeville
SpouseJohn Mowbray, 2nd Duke of Norfolk
Thomas Strangeways
John Beaumont, 1st Viscount
John Woodville
Issue
John Mowbray, 3rd Duke of Norfolk
Joan Strangeway
Catherine Strangeway
FatherRalph Neville, 1st Earl of Westmorland
MotherJoan Beaufort

On 12 January 1412, Katherine was married at the age of 12 to John Mowbray, 2nd Duke of Norfolk (1392–1432). Their only known child was John de Mowbray, 3rd Duke of Norfolk (1415–1461).

Katherine married for a second time to Thomas Strangeways (c. 1395-before 1442)[3] - they had 2 daughters:

She married for a third time to John, Viscount Beaumont, who was killed in 1460.

Her fourth and last marriage was infamous, known by contemporaries as the "diabolical marriage". She married John Woodville, brother of Queen Elizabeth. He was 19 years old at the time of their marriage, while she was 65. Nonetheless, she survived him, as he was executed in 1469 after the Battle of Edgecote, on the orders of her nephew Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick, during a brief period of Lancastrian readeption. Whether or not she was forced into her final marriage against her will is unclear, but it added to the deep dislike of the Queen's family among the ruling class, which greatly weakened the Yorkist dynasty.[6]

She was still alive in 1483, having survived all her children.

FootnotesEdit

  1. ^ Archer 2004.
  2. ^ Green., 82
  3. ^ Douglas Richardson, Kimball G. Everingham, Plantagenet ancestry: a study in colonial and medieval families, Genealogical Publishing Com, 2004
  4. ^ Bruce Harrison, The Family Forest Descendants of Lady Joan Beaufort, Millisecond Publishing Company, Inc, pp 15, 34
  5. ^ Descent of Herbert Clark Hoover from Edward III
  6. ^ Ross, Charles Edward IV Eyre and Methuen 1974 p.93

ReferencesEdit

  • Archer, Rowena E. (2008). "Neville, Katherine, duchess of Norfolk (c. 1400–1483)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online). doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/54432.
  • Green, Mary Anne Everett. Letters of Royal and Illustrious Ladies of Great Britain, From the Commencement of the Twelfth Century to the Close of the Reign of Queen Mary. London: H. Colburn, 1846. googlebooks Retrieved December 13, 2008
  • Oxford History of England, 1399–1485, 485ff.

External linksEdit