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Katanning, Western Australia

Katanning is a town located 277 kilometres (172 mi) south-east of Perth, Western Australia on the Great Southern Highway. At the 2016 census, Katanning had a population of 3,687.[1]

Katanning
Western Australia
Austral Terrace, Katanning, 2018 (03).jpg
Austral Terrace, Katanning, 2018
Katanning is located in Western Australia
Katanning
Katanning
Location in Western Australia
Coordinates33°41′27″S 117°33′19″E / 33.69083°S 117.55528°E / -33.69083; 117.55528Coordinates: 33°41′27″S 117°33′19″E / 33.69083°S 117.55528°E / -33.69083; 117.55528
Population3,687 (2016 census)[1]
Established1898
Postcode(s)6317
Elevation311 m (1,020 ft)
Location
LGA(s)Shire of Katanning
State electorate(s)Roe
Federal Division(s)O'Connor
Mean max temp Mean min temp Annual rainfall
22.1 °C
72 °F
9.3 °C
49 °F
478.9 mm
18.9 in
King George Hostel, Katanning, 2018
Katanning Post Office, 2018

HistoryEdit

The meaning of Katanning is unknown but it is thought to be a local Aboriginal word Kart-annin that literally means "meeting place of the heads of tribes",[2] Kartanup, meaning "clear pool of sweet water",[3] or Katanning, which means "spiders on your back".[4] Others suggest that the place is named after a local Aboriginal woman.

The first Europeans to explore the Katanning area were Governor James Stirling and Surveyor General John Septimus Roe who travelled through the area in 1835 en route from Perth to Albany.

In about 1870, sandalwood cutters moved into the area but they did not settle. It was not until the development of the Great Southern Railway, a land grant railway built by the West Australian Land Company from Beverley to Albany in 1889, that the township came into existence.

The townsite was initially developed by the West Australian Land Company. The state government purchased the railway and the townsite in 1896 and later formally gazetted the town in 1898,[5] when the population of the town was 226, 107 males and 119 females.[6]

In April 1891 the Premier Roller Flour Mill was opened in the centre of the town by brothers Frederick Henry Piesse and Charles Austin Piesse.[7][8] The mill provided an important cash market for local wheat growers. Initially the mill supplied flour to the whole of the Albany district, replacing more expensive imports from Adelaide. At that time Albany was Western Australia's principal port.[9] The ground-floor street frontages of the mill were converted into shops from the 1930s, including a music shop, butchers', dress shops, a barber, and tearooms.[10] By 2008 the building was owned by the Shire of Katanning, which sold it for $1[10] to a private developer who renovated the by-then dilapidated building and turned it into a hotel and restaurant that opened in 2018.[11]

Katanning remains an important centre on the Great Southern Railway to Albany.[12]

ClimateEdit

Katanning sits on the border between the warm-summer and the purely subtropical mediterranean varieties with January and February being just below 22 °C (72 °F). Under the Köppen climate classification it is classified as Csb.

Climate data for Katanning
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 43.8
(110.8)
44.6
(112.3)
41.7
(107.1)
36.1
(97.0)
32.3
(90.1)
24.1
(75.4)
22.2
(72.0)
25.9
(78.6)
31.3
(88.3)
37.8
(100.0)
41.0
(105.8)
43.3
(109.9)
44.6
(112.3)
Average high °C (°F) 30.0
(86.0)
29.7
(85.5)
27.3
(81.1)
23.5
(74.3)
19.4
(66.9)
16.0
(60.8)
14.8
(58.6)
15.4
(59.7)
17.4
(63.3)
21.7
(71.1)
26.1
(79.0)
28.6
(83.5)
22.5
(72.5)
Average low °C (°F) 13.7
(56.7)
14.1
(57.4)
12.9
(55.2)
11.1
(52.0)
8.9
(48.0)
6.8
(44.2)
5.9
(42.6)
6.0
(42.8)
6.1
(43.0)
7.3
(45.1)
10.0
(50.0)
11.7
(53.1)
9.5
(49.1)
Record low °C (°F) 5.0
(41.0)
5.0
(41.0)
1.5
(34.7)
1.4
(34.5)
−1.1
(30.0)
−3.0
(26.6)
−2.0
(28.4)
−2.2
(28.0)
−2.0
(28.4)
−0.6
(30.9)
0.0
(32.0)
2.7
(36.9)
−3.0
(26.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 26.5
(1.04)
6.0
(0.24)
17.1
(0.67)
30.6
(1.20)
49.6
(1.95)
57.9
(2.28)
64.7
(2.55)
59.9
(2.36)
56.8
(2.24)
30.4
(1.20)
25.4
(1.00)
26.2
(1.03)
442.8
(17.43)
Average precipitation days 4.2 2.6 4.9 7.2 12.1 16.2 19.9 19.5 17.4 9.3 6.8 4.5 124.6
Average relative humidity (%) 31 31 35 43 51 60 65 64 58 46 33 29 46
Source #1: [13]
Source #2: [14]

FeaturesEdit

 
Frederick Henry Piesse statue, Katanning
 
Hung Wins Restaurant (formerly a Baptist church), Katanning

A statue of Frederick Henry Piesse (by sculptor Pietro Porcelli) was erected in 1916 and stands beside the railway line in Austral Terrace. The Piesse family constructed a regal mansion which was named "Kobeelya" and after being used for many years as a girls' boarding school, is now a conference centre managed by the local Baptist church.

Katanning features a unique playground of oversized structures named the "All Ages Playground". The town has many other attractions, including a state of the art recreation, leisure and function centre.

Katanning has a relatively large Muslim population, of about 350 people, and consequently has a mosque. The vast majority of local Muslims originated in the Cocos (Keeling) Islands, and travelled to Katanning to work in the local abattoir, which was established in the late 1970s.

Other religious buildings include churches from Anglican, Baptist, Catholic, Lutheran, Seventh Day Adventist, Uniting, and Wesleyan denominations, along with a Jehovah's Witness Kingdom Hall.

The town has a castle-like structure which was built as a winery. The town's entrance features an antique truck loaded with imitation wool bales, a windmill, and several sculptures of sheep made from corrugated iron.

The town has become a regional service centre for the Great Southern and services the nearby towns of Broomehill, Tambellup and Woodanilling plus several more.

TransportEdit

Katanning railway station has an elevation of 1,024 feet (312 m) above sea level and a rail distance of 225 miles (362 km) from Perth.[15]

Notable residentsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Katanning (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 5 April 2018.  
  2. ^ Western Australian Land Information Authority. "History of country town names – K". Retrieved 16 August 2008.
  3. ^ "SMH Travel – Katanning". The Sydney Morning Herald. 8 February 2004.
  4. ^ Bindon, Peter; Chadwick, Ross (2011). A Nyoongar wordlist : from the south-west of Western Australia / compiled and edited by Peter Bindon and Ross Chadwick. Welshpool, W.A: Western Australian Museum. ISBN 9781920843595.
  5. ^ "BHP Skills.net – Katanning". 2006. Archived from the original on 17 March 2012. Retrieved 16 August 2008.
  6. ^ "Population of Western Australia". Western Mail. Perth, Western Australia: National Library of Australia. 22 April 1898. p. 23. Retrieved 6 April 2013.
  7. ^ "News and notes". The West Australian. Perth, WA. 25 April 1891. p. 3. Retrieved 20 March 2018.
  8. ^ "Register of Heritage Places – Katanning Roller Flour Mill" (PDF). 1994. Retrieved 16 August 2008.
  9. ^ "News and Notes". The West Australian. Perth, WA. 9 May 1891. p. 3. Retrieved 20 March 2018.
  10. ^ a b "An Icon Restored". The Premier Mill Hotel. Archived from the original on 15 July 2019. Retrieved 15 July 2019.
  11. ^ Sandalova, Sjanna (14 February 2018). "Jobs boost as staff sought for hotel". The West Australian. Perth, WA. Retrieved 20 March 2018.
  12. ^ Milne, Rod (March 1993), "Katanning on the Great Southern Railway", Australian Railway Historical Society Bulletin, Australian Railway Historical Society, pp. 59–69
  13. ^ "Climate statistics for Katanning". Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 2 September 2014.
  14. ^ "Climate statistics for Katanning Comparison". Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 2 September 2015.
  15. ^ Timetable, Western Australian Government Railways, 1964, p. 9

External linksEdit