Kashima Shin-ryū (鹿島神流) is a Japanese koryū martial art whose foundation dates back to the early 16th century. The art developed some notoriety in Japan during the early 20th century under Kunii Zen'ya (1894-1966), the 18th generation sōke (headmaster). The current sōke is the 21st generation, Kunii Masakatsu. While the line is still headed by the Kunii family, the title of sōke is now largely honorific, and the responsibility for the preservation and transmission of the ryūha now lies in the shihanke line, currently represented by the 19th generation, Seki Humitake.
|Founder||Kunii Kagetsugu |
|Date founded||c. 1500|
|Period founded||Middle Muromachi period (1336 to 1573)|
|Current headmaster||Shihanke: Seki Humitake (19th generation) |
Sōke: Kunii Masakatsu
|Techniques for unsheathing the sword|
|Hobakujutsu||Ropes and restraint techniques|
|Short staff techniques|
|Hybrid art, unarmed or with minor weapons|
|Kenpo||Unarmed striking techniques|
|Throwing knife techniques|
|Kashima no Tachi|
The characters Kashima 鹿島 are in honor of the deity enshrined in the Kashima Shrine located in Kashima, Ibaraki Prefecture, who is supposed to have provided the divine inspiration (shin 神) for Kashima Shin-ryū. The earliest elements of the school are credited to Kashima no Tachi, fencing techniques passed down by the priests of the Kashima Shrine following their creation by Kuninazu no Mahito in the 7th century. In Kashima Shinryū lore, Matsumoto Bizen-no-kami, assisted by Kunii Kagetsugu, refined and expounded on Kashima no Tachi into the basis of the modern school. After this development, they went their separate ways. Kunii Kagetsugu began what is now named the sōke lineage (and is credited as the 1st generation of such), based in Iwaki province and handed down through the Kunii family line. Conversely, Matsumoto Bizen-no-kami taught a large number of students, creating a number of martial lineages, often with characters reading shinkage in the name. In 1780, the 12th generation sōke, Kunii Taizen Minamoto no Ritsuzan attained mastery in Jikishinkage-ryū, studying under Ono Seiemon Taira no Shigemasa. As Jikishinkage-ryū also traced its founding back to Matsumoto Bizen-no-kami, but passed down through Kamiizumi Ise-no-kami Fujiwara-no-Nobutsuna rather than the Kunii family, this lineage is recognized within Kashima Shinryū as the shihanke line, crediting Matsumoto Bizen-no-kami as the 1st generation. The sōke and shihanke lines remained united within the Kunii family until Kunii Zen'ya appointed Seki Humitake as his successor and the 19th generation shihanke while leaving his wife, Kunii Shizu, to carry on as the 19th generation sōke.
Despite the similarity of names, Kashima Shinryū is of only passing relation to Kashima Shintō-ryū. While both schools regard Kashima no Tachi as a major antecedent, Kashima Shintō-ryū claims as founder Tsukahara Bokuden, who independently generated a different refinement on Kashima no Tachi than that of Matsumoto Bizen-no-Kami.
The following licenses exist under the Kashima-Shinryū Federation of Martial Sciences:
|Kirigami 切紙||white belt||Kenjutsu: kihon tachi, uradachi
Jūjutsu: Reiki no ho, idori, tachiwaza (Kirigami is a prerequisite for Kashima Shin-ryū membership)
|Shomokuroku 小目録||white belt, black hakama||Kenjutsu: Aishin kumitachi, Jissen tachigumi, Seigan tachiai
Jūjutsu: reikinage, nagewaza
|Shoden 初伝||black belt, black hakama||Kenjutsu: Kassen tachi, Tsubazeri, Taoshiuchi
Jūjutsu: Kumiwaza gusokudori, Toritegaeshi (selectively), kaiken/tantojutsu
|Chūden 中伝||black belt, black hakama|
|Okuden 奥伝||black belt, white hakama|
|Kaiden 皆伝||black belt, white hakama|
|Menkyo kaiden 免許皆伝||white belt, white hakama||Disciple has mastered the system|
Kashima Shin-ryū can be studied in Japan (including Tokyo, Kyoto, and Tsukuba), and also in the United States (including Los Angeles, Athens, and Bozeman) and in Europe (including Breda, Dresden, Frankfurt, Helsinki, Ljubljana, Geneva, London, and Tampere).
- Friday, Karl F. with Seki Humitake, Legacies of the Sword: The Kashima Shin-ryū and Samurai Martial Culture, Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press, 1997.
- Kashima-Shinryū Federation of Martial Sciences homepage
- Hōjō Tokichika. Tōgoku Meisho Zue: Kashima Shi, 1833.
- Koryu.com Entry on Kashima Shinto-ryu
- Skoss, Meik. Kashima Shinto-ryu, Koryu.com, 1993
- Kashima Shinryū in Finland - Grading
- Kashima-Shinryu Federation of Martial Sciences, List of Authorized Instructors
- Kashima Shin Ryu in Aikikai International Geneve