Kashchey the Immortal (subtitle: A Little Autumn Fairy Tale) (Russian: Кащей бессмертный, tr. Kashchéy bessmértny listen (help·info)[a], a.k.a. Kashchey the Immortal) is a one-act opera in three scenes by Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov. The libretto was written by the composer,[b] and is based on a Russian fairy tale about Koschei the Deathless, an evil, ugly old wizard, who menaced principally young women. Rimsky-Korsakov perceived it as 'an autumn tale' that is juxtaposed to his previous 'spring tale', The Snow Maiden. A similar fairy tale was also used by Igor Stravinsky (Rimsky-Korsakov's pupil) and Michel Fokine to create their iconic ballet, The Firebird.
|Kashchey the Immortal|
|Opera by Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov|
Russian: Кащей бессмертный
Solodovnikov Theater in Moscow
The opera was composed during 1901–1902 and the work was completed in 1902. It was first performed the same year in Moscow.
The premiere took place on 25 December (O.S. 12 December) 1902 at the Solodovnikov Theater in Moscow. It was conducted by Mikhail Ippolitov-Ivanov with set designs by Sergey Malyutin.
The St. Petersburg premiere followed on 9 April (O.S. 27 March) 1905 and was given at the Komissarzhevskaya Drama Theatre performed by students of the St. Petersburg Conservatory and conducted by Alexander Glazunov.
Other important premieres took place in 1917 at the Bolshoi Theatre, Moscow, conducted by Emil Cooper; in 1919 in Petrograd at the Theatre of Opera and Ballet conducted by Khessin; in 1924 in Barcelona, given in Russian; and in 1928 in Salzburg, also given in Russian.
The United Kingdom premiere took place in 1994 (to celebrate the 150th anniversary of the composer's birthday). The work was given more recently in London, in concert performance on 5 September 2008.
The United States premiere, given in Russian, took place in January 2018, at Island City Opera in Alameda, California conducted by Lidiya Yankovskaya, directed by Richard Bogart. 
The Australian premiere, sung in Russian, took place on 18 March 2018 in the Melbourne Recital Centre, Melbourne, Australia. Produced by CitiOpera, conducted by Alan Cook 
|Role||Voice type||Premiere cast|
|Moscow, 12 December 1902
(conductor: Mikhail Ippolitov-Ivanov)
|St. Petersburg, 1905|
(conductor: Alexander Glazunov)
|Kashchey, The Immortal||tenor||Felix Oshustovich||A. Gurovich|
|Tsarevna, Princess Beloved Beauty||soprano||Nadezhda Zabela-Vrubel||K. Mayzels|
|Prince Ivan-Korolevich||baritone||Mikhail Bocharov||F. Pavlovsky|
|Kascheyevna, Daughter of Kashchey||mezzo-soprano||Vera Petrova-Zvantseva||N. Lezhen|
|Storm-Bogatyr, the wind||bass||Vasily Osipov||I. Pavlov|
|Offstage chorus: Invisible voices|
The full score and vocal score were published by Bessel in 1902 and also in Rimsky-Korsakov's Complete Works, volumes 12 and 40, Muzgiz, Moscow 1954.
- Time: Unspecified
- Place: Kashchey's realm in the thrice-tenth kingdom, a far off place (beyond the thrice-nine lands) in Russian folklore.
The beautiful Tsarevna (Princess), imprisoned by the evil wizard Kashchey the Immortal in his gloomy kingdom, longs for her beloved Prince Ivan-Korolevich. She is upset when she looks into Kashchey's magic mirror and sees Ivan together with Kashcheyevna, the daughter of Kashchey. Kashchey is afraid that Ivan could discover the secret of his immortality and cause his death. He reveals that he hid his death in one of Kashcheyevna's tears: if she ever cries, Kashchey will be able to die. Fortunately for Kashchey, Kashcheyevna is hard and cold. Kashchey breaks the mirror and sends the Burya-Bogatyr (Storm Knight) to Kashcheyevna to ask how safely she keeps his death.
Kashcheyevna prepares a magic potion to lull the Prince to sleep and force him to forget his beautiful Princess. She also whets her sword, planning to kill Ivan while he sleeps. When Ivan-Korolevich enters, she gives him the potion and tries to seduce him. He falls asleep and Kashcheyevna tries to strike his head off, but cannot do it. Burya-Bogatyr suddenly appears, awakening Ivan and ending Kashcheyevna's charm. Burya-Bogatyr also reveals that the Tsarevna is imprisoned in Kashchey's kingdom and that Kashcheyevna has something to do with preserving Kashchey's immortality. Ivan follows Burya-Bogatyr back to Kashchey's kingdom.
The Tsarevna sings a lullaby to Kashchey. Ivan arrives and attempts to free the Tsarevna. Kashcheyevna arrives and pleads with Ivan to go with her instead, since he is the first man to awaken love in her heart. Moved to compassion, the Tsarevna kisses Kashcheyevna, who begins to cry. Invisible voices announce the death of Kashchey. Kashcheyevna is turned into a weeping willow. Burya-Bogatyr opens the gates to show the lovers the way out of the gloomy kingdom, and into the world of light, spring, and love.
Structure of the operaEdit
- Scene 1
- Dni bez prosveta (Princess and Kashchey)
- Ya vizhu devu krasoty chudesnoy (Princess, Kashchey and Burya-Bogatyr)
- Temny yeyo ochi (Arioso of Kashchey)
- Vy, gusli samogudy (Choir / Interlude)
- Scene 2
- Nastala noch (Arioso of Kashcheyevna)
- Glukhaya noch (Scene and arietta of Ivan-Korolevich)
- Pit'yo prokhladnoe (Duet of Kashcheyevna and Ivan-Korolevich)
- Zasnul (Kashcheyevna, Ivan-Korolevich and Burya-Bogatyr)
- Scene 3
- Bayu, bay, Kashchey sedoy (The Lullaby of Princess)
- Mereshchitsja (Duet of Princess and Ivan-Korolevich)
- Prosti, lyubimy korolevich moy (Kashcheyevna, Princess, Ivan-Korolevich and Kashchey)
- Konets zlomu tsarstvu (Final chorus)
Audio recordings (Mainly studio recordings)
- 1948, Samuil Samosud (conductor), Moscow Radio Chorus & Orchestra, Pavel Pontriagin (Kashchey), Varvara Gradova (Tsarevna), Antonina Kleshcheva (Kashcheyevna), Pavel Lisitsian (Ivan Korolevich), Konstantin Poliaev (Storm-Bogatyr)
- 1949, Samuil Samosud (conductor), Moscow Radio Chorus & Orchestra, Pavel Pontriagin (Kashchey), Natalya Rozhdestvenskaya (Tsarevna), Lyudmila Legostayeva (Kashcheyevna), Pavel Lisitsian (Ivan Korolevich), Konstantin Poliaev (Storm-Bogatyr)
- 1991, Andrey Chistyakov (conductor), Bolshoy Theatre Orchestra, Yurlov Academic Choir, Aleksandr Arkhipov (Kashchey), Irina Zhurina (Tsarevna), Nina Terentyeva (Kashcheyevna), Vladislav Verestnikov (Ivan Korolevich), Vladimir Matorin (Storm-Bogatyr)
- 1995, Valery Gergiev (conductor), Kirov Opera & Orchestra, Marina Shaguch (Tsarevna), Konstantin Pluzhnikov (Kashchey), Aleksandr Morozov (Storm-Bogatyr), Aleksandr Gergalov (Ivan Korolevich), Larisa Dyadkova (Kashcheyevna) (released in 1999 as Philips CD 446 704-2; reissued as part of Decca 11-CD set Rimsky-Korsakov: 5 Operas 478 2705 but without libretto or translation)
- Video recordings
- 1987 Konstantin Pluzhnikov (Kashchei), Natalya Lapina (Kashcheyevna – actress), Elena Rubin (Kashcheyevna – singer), Alla Oding (Princess – actress), Sofia Yalysheva (Princess - singer), Valery Lebed (Prince Ivan Korolevich), Yuri Stoyanov (The Storm Knight – actor), Alexander Morozov (The Storm Knight – singer). Dmitri Shostakovich Symphony Orchestra of Leningrad, A. Trifonov
- 1991? Helikon Opera director Dmitry Bertmann, DVD of 1991 or 2003 production
- ^ The BGN/PCGN system is used here. ALA-LC system: Kashchéĭ bessmértnyĭ. ISO 9: Kaŝéj bessmértnyj. pronounced [kɐˈɕːeɪ̯ bʲɪsːˈmʲertnɨɪ̯]
- ^ Original librettist was Yevgeny Petrovsky, only later Rimsky-Korsakov took over his job and completed it all by himself. His daughter, Sofia Nikolayevna Rimskaya-Korsakova (1875—1943) also was credited as librettist. She died from starvation during the Siege of Leningrad, soon after the death of her daughter Lilya who had been deported from Leningrad following a false denunciation.
- ^ "Russian – ISO 9 transliteration system". transliteration.com. Retrieved 2 December 2020.
- ^ "Кащей Бессмертный". operalib.eu (in Russian). Retrieved 14 January 2021.
- ^ Rimskaya-Korsakova, Tatiana (2015). ""Family Chronicle" in letters, memories and documents" (PDF). old.conservatory.ru (in Russian). Musicus. Retrieved 14 January 2021.
- ^ "March 18 - 176 years since the birth of the composer Rimsky-Korsakov". 5TV. 18 March 2020. Retrieved 14 January 2021.
- ^ "N. Rimskij-Korsakov. Kaŝej Bessmertnyj". 100oper.ru (in Russian). Sto Oper. 7 July 2012. Retrieved 12 January 2021.
- ^ In 1906 the composer revised his opera and added the final chorus.
- ^ BBC Proms: Notes on Kashchey the Immortal
- ^ San Francisco Chronicle: A Fine Rimsky-Korsakov Double Bill
- ^ Operabase: Lidiya Yankovskaya
- ^ "Kashchey the Immortal review: A beautiful and complex gem". 19 March 2018.
- ^ www.operadis-opera-discography.org.uk
- ^ Moscow Radio broadcast, Aquarius CD AQVR 133-2
- ^ Melodiya studio recording, Melodiya CD 10 02605
- Griffiths, Steven. A Critical Study of the Music of Rimsky-Korsakov, 1844–1890. New York: Garland, 1989.
- Rimsky-Korsakov, A.N. – Н.А. Римский-Корсаков: жизнь и творчество [N.A. Rimsky-Korsakov: Life and Work]. [5 vols.] Москва: Государственное музыкальное издательство, 1930.
- Taruskin, Richard. "The Case for Rimsky-Korsakov," Opera News, vol. 56, nos. 16 and 17 (1991–2), pp. 12–17 and 24–29, respectively.