Karmir Shuka

Karmir Shuka (Armenian: Կարմիր Շուկա) or Girmizi Bazar (Azerbaijani: Qırmızı Bazar) is a village de facto in the Martuni Province of the breakaway Republic of Artsakh, de jure in the Khojavend District of Azerbaijan, in the disputed region of Nagorno-Karabakh. The village has an ethnic Armenian population, and had an Armenian majority in 1989.[2]

Karmir Shuka / Girmizi Bazar
Կարմիր Շուկա / Qırmızı Bazar
Karmir-shuka.jpeg
Karmir Shuka / Girmizi Bazar is located in Republic of Artsakh
Karmir Shuka / Girmizi Bazar
Karmir Shuka / Girmizi Bazar
Karmir Shuka / Girmizi Bazar is located in Azerbaijan
Karmir Shuka / Girmizi Bazar
Karmir Shuka / Girmizi Bazar
Coordinates: 39°40′33″N 46°56′55″E / 39.67583°N 46.94861°E / 39.67583; 46.94861Coordinates: 39°40′33″N 46°56′55″E / 39.67583°N 46.94861°E / 39.67583; 46.94861
Country (de facto) Artsakh
 • ProvinceMartuni
Country (de jure) Azerbaijan
 • DistrictKhojavend
Population
 (2015)[1]
 • Total1,113
Time zoneUTC+4 (AMT)

EtymologyEdit

The name of the village was Krasny Bazar (Russian: Красный Базар) during the Soviet Union, meaning "Red Market" in Russian. The Armenian name, and the Azerbaijani rendering, also mean "Red Market".[3]

HistoryEdit

During the Soviet period, the village was a part of the Martuni District of the Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast.

Historical heritage sitesEdit

Historical heritage sites in and around the village include Tnjri, a 2,000-year-old Oriental Plane, the 12th/13th-century village of Mavas (Armenian: Մավաս), a 12th/13th-century khachkar, a cemetery from between the 17th and 18th centuries, the 17th-century monastic complex of Yerek Mankuk (Armenian: Երեք մանկուք) in Mavas, the church of Surb Astvatsatsin (Armenian: Սուրբ Աստվածածին, lit.'Holy Mother of God') built in 1731 near the nearby village of Skhtorashen, and the 18th-century St. George's Chapel Church (Armenian: Սուրբ Գևորգ մատուռ-եկեղեցի, romanizedSurb Gevorg Matur-Yekeghetsi).[1][4]

Economy and cultureEdit

The population is mainly engaged in agriculture and animal husbandry. As of 2015, the village has a municipal building, a house of culture, a secondary school, a kindergarten, eight shops, and a medical centre. The community of Karmir Shuka includes the village of Skhtorashen.[1]

DemographicsEdit

The village had 926 inhabitants in 2005,[5] and 1,113 inhabitants in 2015.[1]

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d Hakob Ghahramanyan. "Directory of socio-economic characteristics of NKR administrative-territorial units (2015)".
  2. ^ Андрей Зубов. "Андрей Зубов. Карабах: Мир и Война". drugoivzgliad.com.
  3. ^ Everett-Heath, John (2020). "Gyrmyzy Bazar". The Concise Dictionary of World Place-Names (6 ed.). Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0191905636.
  4. ^ Kiesling, Brady; Kojian, Raffi (2019). Rediscovering Armenia: An in-depth inventory of villages and monuments in Armenia and Artsakh (3rd ed.). Armeniapedia Publishing.
  5. ^ "The Results of the 2005 Census of the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic" (PDF). National Statistic Service of the Republic of Artsakh.

External linksEdit