Karl Eduard von Eichwald (Russian: Эдуард Иванович Эйхвальд, Eduard Ivanovich Eykhvald; 4 July 1795, in Mitau, Courland Governorate – 10 November 1876, in Saint Petersburg) was a Baltic German geologist, physician, and naturalist, who worked in Russia.
|Born||4 July 1795|
|Died||10 November 1876 (aged 81)|
|Known for||Describing new reptile species|
|Institutions||Kazan University, Vilnius University, St. Petersburg University|
|Author abbrev. (botany)||Eichw.|
Eichwald was a Baltic German born at Mitau in Courland Governorate. He became a doctor of medicine and professor of zoology in Kazan in 1823; four years later professor of zoology and comparative anatomy at Vilnius; in 1838 professor of zoology, mineralogy and medicine at St. Petersburg; and finally, professor of palaeontology in the institute of mines in that city.
He travelled much in the Russian Empire, and was a keen observer of its natural history and geology. He died at St. Petersburg.
His published works include Reise auf dem Caspischen Meere und in den Caucasus, 2 vols. (Stuttgart and Tübingen, 1834-1838); Die Urwelt Russlands (St Petersburg, 1840-1845); Le Lethaea Rossica, ou Paléontologie de la Russie, 3 vols. (Stuttgart, 1852-1868), with Atlases.
In the scientific field of herpetology he described several new species of reptiles.
- ^ Corsi, Pietro. (2005). Before Darwin: Transformist Concepts in European Natural History. Journal of the History of Biology 38: 67-83.
- ^ The Reptile Database. www.reptile-database.org.
- ^ International Plant Names Index. Eichw.
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. .
- Rulex.ru: Biography of Karl Eichwald—(in Russian)