|Sub-region||Helsinki sub-region (formerly Lohja sub-region)|
|• Mayor||Tuija Telén|
|• Total||255.32 km2 (98.58 sq mi)|
|• Land||242.36 km2 (93.58 sq mi)|
|• Water||12.95 km2 (5.00 sq mi)|
|• Rank||248th largest in Finland|
|• Rank||114th largest in Finland|
|• Density||35.97/km2 (93.2/sq mi)|
|Population by native language|
|• Finnish||96.1% (official)|
|Population by age|
|• 0 to 14||14.9%|
|• 15 to 64||58.3%|
|• 65 or older||26.7%|
|Time zone||UTC+02:00 (EET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+03:00 (EEST)|
|Municipal tax rate||21.25%|
Karkkila is located in the Uusimaa region. The municipality has a population of 8,717 (31 December 2021) and it covers an area of 255.32 square kilometres (98.58 sq mi) of which 12.95 square kilometres (5.00 sq mi) is inland water (2018-01-01). The population density is 36 inhabitants per square kilometre (93/sq mi) (31 December 2021).
The municipality is unilingually Finnish.
Originally, Karkkila was a village in the municipality of Pyhäjärvi. In the 14th century, the Pyhäjärvi area belonged to the border area of the parishes of Janakkala and Lohja. In 1507, the Pyhäjärvi area became part of the Vihti parish, which was separated from the Lohja parish. Pyhäjärvi became the chapel congregation of the Vihti parish in 1654. The place was originally known as Pahajärvi ("bad lake"), but the name became established as Pyhäjärvi ("holy lake") in the late 17th or 18th century. It was decided to form Pyhäjärvi as an independent parish by a decision of the Imperial Senate in 1861, but the separation did not happen until 1869. Based on the municipal decree of 1865, Pyhäjärvi began its activities as a municipality in 1868.
The borough of Karkkila was formed from the center of Pyhäjärvi by separating it from Pyhäjärvi in 1932. The borough area consisted mainly of the villages of Nyhkälä and Karkkila. The growth and industrialization of Karkkila has been affected by the now closed narrow-gauge Hyvinkää–Karkkila railway. Later, the municipality of Pyhäjärvi was merged with the Karkkila borough in 1969. Until now, the municipality and the borough had belonged to the Pyhäjärvi parish, whose name was changed to the Karkkila parish in connection with the municipal association. Officially, the Karkkila borough became a town in 1977.
- Sulattofestival, an art and music festival
Karkkila is famous for having a strong support of red parties. Up to the municipal elections in 2012, the Left Alliance had always been the most voted party in Karkkila. In the 2022 county election of Finland, the Left Alliance rose to the top again making Karkkila the only municipality in Finland where the majority of votes where given to the Left.
Results of the 2019 parliamentary election of Finland in Karkkila:
- Social Democratic Party 25.8%
- The Finns Party 19.7%
- Left Alliance 13.4%
- National Coalition Party 11.1%
- Green League 9.2%
- Centre Party 9.1%
- Movement Now 4.0%
- Christian Democrats 2.4%
- Blue Reform 1.3%
- Swedish People's Party 1.1%
The results of the municipal elections in Karkkila in 2021:
Twin towns - Sister citiesEdit
Karkkila was a member of the Douzelage, a unique town twinning association of 24 towns across the European Union. This active town twinning began in 1991 and there are regular events, such as a produce market from each of the other countries and festivals. Karkkila was replaced by Asikkala as the Finnish town in the association in 2016.
- Altea, Spain - 1991
- Bad Kötzting, Germany - 1991
- Bellagio, Italy - 1991
- Bundoran, Ireland - 1991
- Granville, France - 1991
- Holstebro, Denmark - 1991
- Houffalize, Belgium - 1991
- Meerssen, the Netherlands - 1991
- Niederanven, Luxembourg - 1991
- Preveza, Greece - 1991
- Sesimbra, Portugal - 1991
- Sherborne, United Kingdom - 1991
- Karkkila, Finland - 1997–2016
- Oxelösund, Sweden - 1998
- Judenburg, Austria - 1999
- Chojna, Poland - 2004
- Kőszeg, Hungary - 2004
- Sigulda, Latvia - 2004
- Sušice, Czech Republic - 2004
- Türi, Estonia - 2004
- Zvolen, Slovakia - 2007
- Prienai, Lithuania - 2008
- Marsaskala, Malta - 2009
- Siret, Romania - 2010
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- "Preliminary population structure by area, 2021M01*-2021M12*". StatFin (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 2 February 2022.
- "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009.
- "Population according to age (1-year) and sex by area and the regional division of each statistical reference year, 2003–2020". StatFin. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
- "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2021" (PDF). Tax Administration of Finland. 1 December 2020. Retrieved 10 April 2021.
- "Seurakunnan historia lyhyesti" (in Finnish). Karkkilan seurakunta. Retrieved February 13, 2021.
- Kuutsa, Tommi. "Lukuja Karkkilan historiasta" (in Finnish). Karkkilan kaupunki. Retrieved February 13, 2021.
- Joutsi, Jukka. "Karkkila" (in Finnish). Svala & Joutsi. Retrieved February 13, 2021.
- Hannu Tarmio, Pentti Papunen& Kalevi Korpela: Suomenmaa 6: maantieteellis-yhteiskunnallinen tieto- ja hakuteos, pp. 319–321. Porvoo-Helsinki: WSOY, 1976. ISBN 951-0-06465-3. (in Finnish)
- "Karkkila on vasemmistolainen väriläiskä Uudenmaan kuntakartalla – taustalla valimoduunareita ja korpikommunisteja". Yle Uutiset (in Finnish). 2017-04-11. Retrieved 2022-09-12.
- "Karkkila | Results service | County Elections 2022 | yle.fi". vaalit.yle.fi. Retrieved 2022-09-12.
- "Yle - Result service - Karkkila - Uudenmaan vaalipiiri - Municipal Elections 2021 - Yle.fi". vaalit.yle.fi. Retrieved 2022-09-11.
- "Douzelage.org: Home". www.douzelage.org. Archived from the original on 2010-02-17. Retrieved 2009-10-21.
- "Douzelage.org: Member Towns". www.douzelage.org. Archived from the original on 2009-04-06. Retrieved 2009-10-21.