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Karkinit, Karkinitski,[2] Carcinites, or Karkinitsky Bay (Ukrainian: Каркінітська затока, Karkinits’ka zatoka; Russian: Каркинитский залив, Karkinitskiy zaliv[3]) is a bay of the Black Sea that separates the northwestern Crimean Peninsula from the mainland Ukraine. It was named after the early Greek settlement of Kerkinitis (Κερκινίτης) on the Crimean coast in place of modern Yevpatoria.

Karkinit Bay
Tarkhankut.jpg
Cape Tarkhankut is the southernmost point of the bay
LocationBlack Sea
Coordinates45°48′N 32°37′E / 45.800°N 32.617°E / 45.800; 32.617Coordinates: 45°48′N 32°37′E / 45.800°N 32.617°E / 45.800; 32.617
Ocean/sea sourcesAtlantic Ocean
Basin countriesUkraine
Max. depth35 m (115 ft)
Salinity18 ‰
SettlementsSkadovsk, Armyansk, Krasnoperekopsk
Official nameKarkinitska and Dzharylgatska Bays
Designated11 October 1976
Reference no.114[1]

The northeastern tip of the Karkinitis Bay, by the Isthmus of Perekop, is known as the Perekop Bay or Gulf of Perekop.

The bay contains the preserve Karkinits'ka Zatoka State Zakaznik.

On the Marcator's map of 16th century the bay is named as Golfo de Nigropoli[4] after the city on north shores of the Pontus Euxeinus. Nigropoli was a city located on the Silch River that flows in a bosom of the Eusino Sea to the west of the Crimea forms its own Gulf (Città situata sul fiume Silch che sgorgano in un seno del Mar Eusino al ponente della Crimea forma il proprio Golfo).[5]

According to Strabo, another name for Gulf of Carcinites was Gulf of Tamyraca.[6]

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Karkinitska and Dzharylgatska Bays". Ramsar Sites Information Service. Retrieved 10 September 2019.
  2. ^ The Commission on the Protection of the Black Sea against Pollution. "Geography: BSIMAP". 2009. Accessed 18 Mar 2014.
  3. ^ These names are also sometimes translated as the Karkinite or Karkinitian "Gulf" or "Bight".
  4. ^ Charles Raymond Beazley. The Dawn of Modern Geography. J. Murray, 1901. page 477
  5. ^ Silvio Grandi. Sistema del mondo terracqueo geograficamente descritto. nella Stamperia Bragadina, 1716. page 269
  6. ^ Strabo. The Geography of Strabo. Volume 1. G. Bell & sons, 1903. page 473

External linksEdit