Karelian Brotherhood

Karjalan veljeskunta (Karelian Brotherhood) was an organization founded in 1907 as a Russian Orthodox society, whose goal was to russify Karelias orthodox population.[1] It had close ties to Russian nationalists in the State Duma.[2]

The chief of the organization was bishop Kiprian (Kyprianos).[3] Karjalan veljeskunta was dissolved when Finland obtained its independence in 1917.


  1. ^ Ramet, Sabrina Petra (1988). Eastern Christianity and Politics in the Twentieth Century. Duke University Press. p. 269. ISBN 9780822308270.
  2. ^ Chulos, Chris J.; Remy, Johannes (2002). Imperial and National Identities in Pre-revolutionary, Soviet, and Post-Soviet Russia. Finnish Literature Society. ISBN 9789517462655.
  3. ^ Loima, Jyrki (2014). "A Case Study of Education and Nationalism: The Multicultural Fight for "Souls and Minds" in Finland, 1891–1921". The Historian. 76 (4): 750–765. doi:10.1111/hisn.12052.