Karel Heyne

Karel Heyne (1877–1947) was a Dutch botanist, known for his comprehensive handbook on the useful plants of the Dutch East Indies; this was the first such handbook and became a standard reference.[2]

Karel Heyne
Born(1877-08-30)August 30, 1877
Amsterdam
DiedNovember 11, 1947(1947-11-11) (aged 70)
NationalityDutch
Known forBotanical handbook De nuttige planten van Nederlansch-Indië (1913–1917)[1]
AwardsOfficer in the Order of Oranje Nassau[1]
Scientific career
FieldsBotany
Author abbrev. (botany)K.Heyne
The library of the Museum voor Economische Botanie in Buitenzorg, circa 1920–1930.

Towards the end of the 19th century he settled on Java in the former Dutch East Indies. In 1900, at the age of 23, he started working for the Koninklijke Paketvaart Maatschappij (KPM). He married Wilhelmina Louise Visser (1871–1913) in 1903 and they had two sons, the first in 1905 and the second in 1906. In January 1906, Heyne was appointed chief curator of the Museum voor Economische Botanie (Museum of Economic Botany) in Buitenzorg by Melchior Treub, the then director of 's Lands Plantentuin in Buitenzorg. On January 1920 he married Ida van Oorschot (1875–1957). In 1926, Heyne resigned as curator and in April 1927 he repatriated to the Netherlands. He and his wife went to live in Bennekom, where he bought a large house.

He added two greenhouses, one heated and one kept temperate. There he cultivated Indonesian plants till his death twenty years later. Heating the greenhose made him rise at four, every night, to refill the coal-burning stove.[1]

Selected publicationsEdit

  • Heyne, K. 1907-1926. Jaarboek Departement van Landbouw, Handel en Nijverheid.
  • Heyne, K. (1907). "Nota over het klapper-vraagstuk". Teysmannia. G. Kolff & Co. 18: 52–64, 120–130.
  • Heyne, K. (1909). "Kedele op de Europeesche markt". Teysmannia. Batavia: G. Kolff & Co. 20: 687–691. OCLC 238645274.
  • Heyne, K. (1911). "Garoehout". Teysmannia. Batavia: G. Kolff & Co. 22: 411–417.
  • Heyne, Karel. De nuttige planten van Nederlansch-Indië, tevens synthetische catalogus der verzamelingen van het Museum voor Technische- en Handelsbotanie te Buitenzorg (4 delen). Batavia: Ruygrok & Co; 1913-1917
  • Heyne, K. "Een massieve bamboe". Algemeen Landbouwkundig Weekblad Nederlandsch-Indië: 551–552; 1919/1920
  • Heyne, K. "Copal". Algemeen Landbouwkundig Weekblad Nederlandsch-Indië: 1137–1138; 1919/1920

EponymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c de Wit, HCD (February 1994). "Karel Heyne and his classic on economic plants". PROSEA Newsletter (1). Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2019-07-29.
  2. ^ Pols, Bram (26 January 1995). "Nieuwe encyclopedie over 'nuttige' Indische planten maakt kennis toegankelijk". NRC. (in Dutch)
  3. ^ Recueil Trav. Bot. Néerl. 14: 132, 136 1917 (IK)
  4. ^ Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1935(5): 318; Burkill, Dict. Econ. Prod. Mal. Penins. ii 1702 1935 in obs (IK)
  5. ^ IPNI.  K.Heyne.