Karate World Championships

The Karate World Championships, also known as the World Karate Championships, are the highest level of competition for karate organized by the World Karate Federation (WKF).[1][2][3][4][5] The competition is held in a different city every two years.[6] Some of the most recent championships include Madrid in 2002, Monterrey in 2004, Tampere in 2006, Tokyo in 2008, and Belgrade in 2010.[7][8] The competition was initially riddled with controversy regarding karate styles and the ruleset.[2][9][10][11][12]

Karate World Championships
Competition details
DisciplineKarate
Typekumite and kata, biennial
OrganiserWorld Karate Federation (WKF)
History
First edition1970 in Tokyo, Japan
Editions24 (2018)
Final edition2018 in madrid, spain
Most wins188 medals  Japan

In 1980, women were first allowed to compete in the championships.[9]

Competition and eventsEdit

KumiteEdit

  • Individual kumite – men and women
  • Team kumite – men and women

Kumite RulesEdit

The result of a bout is determined by a contestant obtaining a clear lead of eight points, having the highest number of points at time-up, obtaining a decision (hantei ), or by an accumulation of prohibited behaviors imposed against a contestant.

Scoring & PenaltiesEdit

  • Ippon (three points)
    • Jodan (head, face, neck) kicks
    • Any scoring technique delivered on a thrown or fallen opponent
  • Waza-ari (two points)
    • Chudan (abdomen, chest, back, side) kicks
  • Yuko (one point)
    • Tsuki (punch)
    • Uchi (strike)
  • Prohibited behavior
    • Category 1
      • Techniques which make excessive contact, in regards to the scoring area attacked, or make contact with the throat
      • Attacks to the arms or legs, groin, joints, or instep
      • Attacks to the face with open hand techniques
      • Dangerous or forbidden throwing techniques
    • Category 2
      • Feigning or exaggerating injury
      • Exit from the competition area (jogai ) not caused by the opponent
      • Self-endangerment by indulging in behavior which exposes the contestant to injury by the opponent, or failing to take adequate measures for self-protection (mubobi )
      • Avoiding combat as a means of preventing the opponent having the opportunity to score
      • Passivity – not attempting to engage in combat (cannot be given after less than the last 10 seconds of the match)
      • Clinching, wrestling, pushing, or standing chest-to-chest without attempting a scoring technique or takedown
      • Grabbing the opponent with both hands for any other reason than executing a takedown upon catching the opponent's kicking leg
      • Grabbing the opponent's arm or karategi (uniform) with one hand without immediately attempting a scoring technique or takedown
      • Techniques which, by their nature, cannot be controlled for the safety of the opponent, and other dangerous and uncontrolled attacks
      • Simulated attacks with the head, knees, or elbows
      • Talking to or goading the opponent
      • Failing to obey the orders of the referee
  • Warnings and penalties
    • Chukoku is imposed for the first instance of a minor infraction in the applicable category.
    • Keikoku is imposed for the second instance of a minor infraction in that category, or for infractions not serious enough to merit hansoku-chui.
    • Hansoku-chui is a warning of disqualification usually imposed for infractions for which a keikoku has previously been given in that bout; it may be imposed directly for serious infringements which do not merit hansoku.
    • Hansoku is the penalty of disqualification following a very serious infraction or when a hansoku-chui has already been given. In team matches, the offender's score will be zeroed and the opponent's score will be set at eight points.

KataEdit

  • Individual kata – men and women
  • Team kata (synchronized) – men and women
  • Team kata with bunkai

List of Karate World ChampionshipsEdit

Edition Year Host City Country Events
1 1970 Tokyo   Japan 2
2 1972 Paris   France 2
3 1975 Long Beach   United States 2
4 1977 Tokyo   Japan 2
5 1980 Madrid   Spain 10
6 1982 Taipei   Chinese Taipei 13
7 1984 Maastricht   Netherlands 13
8 1986 Sydney   Australia 15
9 1988 Cairo   Egypt 16
10 1990 Mexico City   Mexico 16
11 1992 Granada   Spain 16
12 1994 Kota Kinabalu   Malaysia 16
13 1996 Sun City   South Africa 17
14 1998 Rio de Janeiro   Brazil 17
15 2000 Munich   Germany 17
16 2002 Madrid   Spain 17
17 2004 Monterrey   Mexico 17
18 2006 Tampere   Finland 17
19 2008 Tokyo   Japan 17
20 2010 Belgrade   Serbia 16
21 2012 Paris   France 16
22 2014 Bremen   Germany 16
23 2016 Linz   Austria 16
24 2018 Madrid   Spain 16
25 2020 Dubai   United Arab Emirates 16
26 2022 Budapest   Hungary 16

All-time medal tableEdit

The following reflects the all-time medal counts as of the 2018 World Karate Championships:

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1  Japan905256198
2  France554567167
3  Great Britain29222576
4  Spain212769117
5  Italy193356108
6  Turkey12103254
7  Netherlands10111839
8  Iran1082341
9  Germany8123252
10  Azerbaijan75416
11  United States6111835
12  Egypt582235
13  Brazil45716
14  Venezuela431017
15  Finland43815
16  Serbia41611
17  Croatia34916
18  Russia34714
19  Sweden34613
20  Greece34310
21  Australia331016
22  Mexico2349
23  Austria22711
24  Serbia and Montenegro2068
25  Norway15410
26  Chinese Taipei13711
27  Vietnam1304
28  China1214
29  Slovakia11810
30   Switzerland1168
31  Netherlands Antilles1135
32  Senegal1102
33  Benin1012
  Chile1012
  Georgia1012
36  Estonia1001
  Poland1001
  South Africa1001
39  Hungary0437
40  Canada0358
41  Bosnia and Herzegovina0347
42  Yugoslavia0224
43  Tunisia0213
44  Peru0178
45  Belgium0145
  Denmark0145
  Kazakhstan0145
48  Ukraine0134
49  Malaysia0123
  Morocco0123
51  Czech Republic0112
  Guatemala0112
  Luxembourg0112
54  Czechoslovakia0101
  Paraguay0101
56  Algeria0022
  Romania0022
58Template:Country data IOA0011
  Argentina0011
  Bulgaria0011
  Dominican Republic0011
  Hong Kong0011
  Indonesia0011
  Kosovo0011
  Latvia0011
  Montenegro0011
  North Macedonia0011
  Philippines0011
  Singapore0011
  Slovenia0011
Totals (70 nations)3233235981244

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Coleman, Jim (September 1992). "Questions and Answers with Wuko's Head Man". Black Belt. 30 (9): 30–33. Retrieved 8 November 2014.
  2. ^ a b "Black Belt". Books.google.co.uk. Retrieved 21 December 2014.
  3. ^ Malaysia welcome extra category. Thestar.com.my (2008-11-19). Retrieved on 2011-05-14.
  4. ^ Sports: Three fighters, one heart. Sptimes.com. Retrieved on 2011-05-14.
  5. ^ Mmegi Online :: Karate team leaves for WFK Championships. Mmegi.bw (2010-10-22). Retrieved on 2011-05-14.
  6. ^ Olympic Bid Sports Capsules – Olympics – ESPN. Sports.espn.go.com (2009-06-14). Retrieved on 2011-05-14.
  7. ^ "World Karate Championships returning to Japan". Japan Today. Retrieved 2010-02-23.
  8. ^ "Karate World Championship to be Held in Belgrade Next Year". Ministry of Sport. Retrieved 2011-05-04.
  9. ^ a b "Black Belt". Books.google.co.uk. Retrieved 21 December 2014.
  10. ^ "Black Belt". Books.google.co.uk. Retrieved 21 December 2014.
  11. ^ "Black Belt". Books.google.co.uk. Retrieved 21 December 2014.
  12. ^ "Black Belt - Google Books". Books.google.co.uk. Retrieved 2015-09-27.

External linksEdit