Karakalpak Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic

The Karakalpak Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (Karakalpak ASSR; Karakalpak: Қарақалпақстан АССР, Qaraqalpaqstan ASSR; Uzbek: Қорақалпоғистон АССР, Qoraqalpog‘iston ASSR; Russian: Каракалпакская АССР, Karakalpakskaya ASSR) also known as Soviet Karakalpakstan or simply Karakalpakstan was an autonomous republic of the Soviet Union. Until 20 July 1932, it was called the Karakalpak Autonomous Oblast. On 5 December 1936, it was merged with the Uzbek SSR. It was the only ASSR in Soviet Central Asia (though other ASSRs existed in the region prior to the Karakalpak ASSR's creation, such as the Tajik ASSR and the Kirghiz ASSR, both of which were "upgraded" to union-level republics in 1929 and 1936 respectively).

Karakalpak Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic
Каракалпакская Автономная Советская Социалистическая Республика  (Russian)
Қорақалпоғистон Автоном Совет Социалистик Республикаси  (Uzbek)
Қарақалпақстан Автономиялық Совет Социалистик Республикасы  (Karakalpak)
Autonomous republic of the Uzbek SSR
1932–1992
CapitalNukus
History
 • TypeAutonomous Soviet Socialist Republic
History 
• Established
1932
• Sovereignty declared
14 December 1990
9 January 1992
• New constitution
9 April 1993
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Karakalpak AO
Karakalpakstan
Today part ofUzbekistan

Its capital was Nukus (until 1939, Turtkul).

On 14 December 1990, Karakalpak ASSR declared state sovereignty over the Soviet laws. Uzbekistan declared independence on 31 August 1991 after the events of the failed coup while Karakalpak ASSR was renamed to and re-established as the Republic of Karakalpakstan on 21 December 1991. The Soviet Union was dissolved on 26 December 1991.

The new constitution was adopted on 8 December 1992, thus making Karakalpakstan as an autonomous republic within Uzbekistan.

DemographicsEdit

Demographic change and ethnic composition of the population of Karakalpakstan according to the data of the 1926-1989 censuses
Ethnicities 1926[1]
pop.
% 1939[2]
pop.
% 1959[3]
pop.
% 1970[4]
pop.
% 1979[5]
pop.
% 1989[6]
pop.
%
Total 304,539 100.00 469,702 100.00 510,101 100.00 702,264 100.00 905,500 100.00 1,212,207 100.00
Uzbeks 84,099 27.62 116,054 24.71 146,783 28.78 212,597 30.27 285,400 31.52 397,826 32.82
Karakalpaks 116,125 38.13 158,615 33.77 155,999 30.58 217,505 30.97 281,809 31.12 389,146 32.10
Kazakhs 85,782 28.17 129,677 27.61 133,844 26.24 186,038 26.49 243,926 26.94 318,739 26.29
Turkmens 9,686 3.18 23,259 4.95 29,225 5.73 37,547 5.35 48,655 5.37 60,244 4.97
Russians 4,924 1.62 24,969 5.32 22,966 4.50 25,165 3.58 21,287 2.35 19,846 1.64
Koreans 7,347 1.56 9,956 1.95 8,958 1.28 8,081 0.89 9,174 0.76
Tatars 884 0.29 4,162 0.89 6,177 1.21 7,619 1.08 7,617 0.84 7,767 0.64
Ukrainians 621 0.20 3,130 0.67 2,201 0.43 2,316 0.33 2,005 0.22 2,271 0.19
Bashkirs 29 0.01 381 0.08 571 0.11 854 0.12 920 0.10 1,090 0.09
Kyrgyz 277 0.09 181 0.04 177 0.03 400 0.06 1,955 0.22 867 0.07
Moldovans 10 0.00 16 0.00 57 0.01 343 0.04 632 0.05
Belarusians 30 0.01 214 0.05 328 0.06 517 0.07 852 0.09 567 0.05
Others 2,072 0.68 1,697 0.36 1,874 0.37 2,691 0.38 2,650 0.29 4,038 0.33

FlagsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Всесоюзная перепись населения 1926 года. Национальный состав населения по регионам РСФСР (Казакская АССР, Кара-Калпакская АО) Демоскоп
  2. ^ Всесоюзная перепись населения 1939 года. Распределение городского и сельского населения областей союзных республик по национальности и полу Демоскоп
  3. ^ Всесоюзная перепись населения 1959 года. Городское и сельское население областей республик СССР (кроме РСФСР) по полу и национальности Демоскоп
  4. ^ Всесоюзная перепись населения 1970 года. Городское и сельское население областей республик СССР (кроме РСФСР) по полу и национальности Демоскоп
  5. ^ Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 года. Городское и сельское население областей республик СССР (кроме РСФСР) по полу и национальности Демоскоп
  6. ^ Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года. Распределение городского и сельского населения областей республик СССР по полу и национальности Демоскоп