Karachay-Cherkess Autonomous Oblast

Karachay-Cherkessia Autonomous Oblast (Russian: Карачаево-Черкесская автономная область, romanizedKarachaevo-Cherkesskaya avtonomaya oblast’;[1] Karachay-Balkar: Къарачай-Черкес автоном область, romanized: Qaraçay-Çerkes avtonom oblast;[2] Kabardian: Къэрэшей-Черкес автономнэ область, romanized: Qərəṩey-Cherkes avtonomnə oblast’;[1] Abaza: Къарча-Черкес автоном область, Q̇arća-Ćerkes avtonom oblast’[1]) was an autonomous oblast of the Soviet Union that was created on 12 January 1922, and was the predecessor of the Karachay-Cherkess Republic.[3] The Karachay-Cherkess oblast was first formed in 1922 for the Circassian (Cherkess) and Karachays peoples. The oblast was dissolved in 1926, to form the Karachay Autonomous Oblast and Cherkess Autonomous Oblast. Karachay Autonomous Oblast was dissolved in 1943, when the Karachays were exiled to Central Asia for their alleged collaboration with the Germans. In 1957, upon their return, the Karachay-Cherkess autonomous oblast was recreated. During this time, part of the territory was incorporated into the Georgian SSR. In 1991 it became a republic.

Karachay-Cherkessia Autonomous Oblast
Къарачай-Черкес АО
Къэрэшей-Черкес АО
Карачаево-Черкесская АО
Autonomous oblast of the Soviet Union
1922–1926
1957–1991
Soviet Caucasus map.svg
Map of the Soviet Caucasus
including the Karachay-Cherkessia AO.
CapitalCherkessk
History
Historical era20th century
• Established
12 January 1922
• Split into Karachay AO and Cherkess AO
1926
• Recreation
1957
• Disestablished
1991
Preceded by
Succeeded by
1922
Mountain Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic
1957
Karachay Autonomous Oblast
Cherkess Autonomous Oblast
1926
Karachay Autonomous Oblast
Cherkess Autonomous Oblast
1991
Karachay-Cherkessia
Today part ofRussia
 · Karachay-Cherkessia

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "KNAB, the Place Names Database of EKI". Eki.ee. Retrieved 1 January 2013.
  2. ^ "Karachay-Balkar table of correspondence Cyrillic-Roman (BGN/PCGN 2008 Agreement)" (PDF). National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 4 February 2022.
  3. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica