The Karacaahmet Cemetery (Turkish: Karacaahmet Mezarlığı) is a 700-year-old historic cemetery, located in Üsküdar, the Asian side of Istanbul. Karacaahmet cemetery is the oldest in Istanbul and at 750 acres (3.0 km2), the largest burial ground in Turkey.
Old gravestones in Karacaahmet Cemetery
|Owned by||Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality|
|Size||750 acres (3.0 km2)|
|No. of interments||over 1 million|
|Website||İBB Mezarlıklar Md. website|
The cemetery was named after a warrior companion of Orhan I, the second Ottoman sultan and is believed to have been founded in the mid-14th century. It is estimated that over a million people are interred in the non-profit cemetery.
Karacaahmet Cemetery comprises 12 parcels, each dedicated to different religious groups. Many historical headstones can still be seen with inscriptions written in the Ottoman Turkish alphabet, a version of the Arabic alphabet,. The burial ground is covered by high cypress trees.
The shrine of Karaca Ahmet Sultan, a 13th-century physician and saint of Alevis, a sect of Islam, is situated within the cemetery. There are also many other historical tombs and masjids, which is the Arabic word for mosques, built during the Ottoman period.
List in sorted order of the year of death.
- Kaçı Vehip Pasha (1877–1940), Ottoman general
- Ali bey Huseynzade (1864–1940), Azerbaijani writer, thinker, philosopher, artist and doctor, and was the creator of the modern Flag of Azerbaijan.
- Reşat Nuri Güntekin (1889–1956), novelist
- Cafer Tayyar Eğilmez (1877–1958),
- Osman Zeki Üngör (1880–1958), composer, initial conductor of the Presidential Symphony Orchestra, general
- Fikret Mualla Saygı (1903–1967), painter
- Nihal Atsız (1905–1975), nationalist writer, novelist, poet and philosopher
- Burhan Felek (1889–1982), journalist
- Oktay Rifat Horozcu (1914–1988), poet
- Ömer Boncuk (1917–1988), footballer and high school teacher
- Cem Karaca (1945–2004), rock musician
- Nezihe Viranyalı (1925–2004), female aviator
- Arif Mardin (1932–2006), Turkish-American music producer
- Nükhet Ruacan (1951–2007) female jazz singer 
- Mustafa Şekip Birgöl (1903–2008), retired colonel and the last veteran of the Turkish War of Independence
- Fazıl Hüsnü Dağlarca (1914–2008), poet
- Gazanfer Özcan(1931–2009), actor
- Esin Afşar (1936–2011), singer and stage actress
- Sait Maden (1931–2013), translator, poet, painter and graphic designer
- Oktay Sinanoğlu (1935–2015), theoretical chemist
- Tahsin Şahinkaya (1925–2015), Air Force general and one of the five leaders of the 1980 military coup
- İbrahim Erkal (1966–2017), singer and songwriter
- Can Bartu (1936–2019), basketball player, footballer and columnist,
Damage by Marmaray projectEdit
By June 2007, a dent of 1.5 m diameter and 4 m depth occurred close to the cemetery wall, which was caused by the excavation works in the tunnel for Marmaray project. It was reported that some graves were damaged.
- "Time Out Istanbul". Time Out. Retrieved 2007-09-02.
- Municipality of Üsküdar Archived 2007-12-11 at the Wayback Machine (in Turkish)
- European Alevi Unions Confederation official website (in Turkish)
- Program kapsamında, anma toplantısı öncesinde Ali Bey Hüseyinzade’nin Üsküdardaki Karacaahmet Mezarlığındaki kabri ziyaret edildi. Archived 2014-05-21 at the Wayback Machine
- Whitney Smith. Flag Lore Of All Nations. — Millbrook Press, 2001. — P. 13. — ISBN 9780761317531
- "Nükhet Ruacan öldü". Habertürk (in Turkish). 2007-05-07. Retrieved 2017-11-18.
- Türk, Ümit (2015-04-26). "Oktay Sinanoğlu son yolculuğuna uğurlandı". Hürriyet (in Turkish). Retrieved 2015-04-26.
- "Binlerce Kişi İbrahim Erkal'ı Son Yolculuğuna Uğurladı". Milliyet. 13 May 2017. Retrieved 13 May 2017.
- "Turkish football legend 'Sinyor' Can Bartu dies at 83". Hürriyet Daily News. 12 April 2019. Retrieved 16 April 2019.
- Istanbul News (in Turkish)