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The Kara class, Soviet designation Project 1134B Berkut B (golden eagle), is a class of guided missile cruisers (large anti-submarine warfare ship in Soviet classification) built in the Soviet Union for the Soviet Navy. The NATO lists the class as "cruisers" mainly due to the Metel (SS-N-14 Silex) anti-ship missile system capable to strike not only submarines but also surface vessels.
Kara-class cruiser Kerch.
|Builders:||61 Communards Shipyard|
|Preceded by:||Kresta II class|
|Type:||Guided missile cruiser|
|Length:||173.2 m (568 ft 3 in)|
|Beam:||18.6 m (61 ft 0 in)|
|Draught:||6.7 m (22 ft 0 in)|
|Propulsion:||2 shaft COGAG, 4x DN59 2x DS71 gas turbines, 120,000 hp (89,000 kW)|
|Speed:||34 knots (63 km/h; 39 mph)|
|Aircraft carried:||1 × Ka-25 or Ka-27 series helicopter|
These ships were enlarged versions of the Kresta II class, with gas turbine engines replacing the steam turbines. These ships were fitted as flagships with improved command, control and communications facilities. These are dedicated ASW ships with significant anti-aircraft capability including both SA-N-3 and SA-N-4 surface-to-air missiles.
The specifications for the class were issued in 1964 with the design being finalised in the late 1960s. The gas turbine engine was chosen instead of steam for greater efficiency and quietness, and because the main Soviet gas turbine plant had a long association with the Nikolayev shipyards.
|Nikolayev||Николаев||25 June 1968||19 December 1969||31 December 1971||29 October 1992|
|Ochakov||Очаков||19 December 1969||30 April 1971||4 November 1973||12 August 2011||Purposely sunk in channel of Donuzlav Bay 6 March 2014.|
|Kerch||Керчь||30 April 1971||21 July 1972||25 December 1974||Out of service after fire in December 2014. In reserve.|
|Azov||Азов||21 July 1972||14 September 1973||25 December 1975||30 May 1998||Scrapped at Inkerman, Sevastopol in 1999-2000.|
|Petropavlovsk||Петропавловск||9 September 1973||22 November 1974||29 December 1976||26 February 1992||Sold for scrap in 1996.|
|Tashkent||Ташкент||22 November 1974||5 November 1975||31 December 1977||3 July 1992||Sold for scrap in 1994.|
|5 November 1975||5 November 1976||31 December 1979||5 July 1994||Sold for scrap in 1994.|
- Gardiner, Robert (ed.) (1995). Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1947–1995. London: Conway Maritime. ISBN 0-85177-605-1. OCLC 34284130.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link) Also published as Gardiner, Robert; Chumbley, Stephen; Budzbon, Przemysław (1995). Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1947–1995. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-132-7. OCLC 34267261.