Kara-Kirghiz Autonomous Oblast

The Kara-Kirghiz Autonomous Oblast (Russian: Кара-Киргизская автономная область; Kyrgyz: Кара-Кыргыз өзэркин облусу, romanizedKara-Kyrgyz özerkin oblusu), abbreviated as Kara-Kirghiz AO (Russian: Кара-Киргизская АО; Kyrgyz: Кара-Кыргыз АО) or KAO (Russian: КАО; Kyrgyz: КӨО, romanizedKÖO) in the former region of Soviet Central Asia, was created on 14 October 1924 within the Russian SFSR from the predominantly Kyrgyz part of the Turkestan Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic. On 15 May 1925 it was renamed into the Kirghiz Autonomous Oblast. On 11 February 1926 it was reorganized into the Kirghiz ASSR (not to be confused with the Kirghiz ASSR that was the first name of Kazakh ASSR). On 5 December 1936 it became the Kirghiz SSR, one of the constituent republics of the Soviet Union.

Kara-Kirghiz Autonomous Oblast
Кара-Кыргыз өзэркин облусу
Autonomous oblast of the Russian SFSR
1924–1926
CapitalPishpek
History
Historical eraInterwar period
• Established
14 October 1924
• renamed as Kirghiz AO
15 May 1925
• reorganized as Kirghiz ASSR
11 February 1926
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Turkestan Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic
Kirghiz Autonomous Socialist Soviet Republic (1926–1936)

Kara-Kirghiz is a former name for the Kyrgyz that literally means "the black Kirghiz (= Kyrgyz)", in reference to the colour of tents the nomads used.[1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Kirghiz" . Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 15 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 827–829.