Kangra district

Kangra is the most populous[5] district of the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh. Dharamshala is the administrative headquarters of the district.

Kangra
Nagarkot , Trigarta
View of the Dhauladhar Range near McLeod Ganj
View of the Dhauladhar Range near McLeod Ganj
Located in the northwest part of the state
Location in Himachal Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 32°13′0″N 76°19′0″E / 32.21667°N 76.31667°E / 32.21667; 76.31667Coordinates: 32°13′0″N 76°19′0″E / 32.21667°N 76.31667°E / 32.21667; 76.31667
Country India
State Himachal Pradesh
Division, Part ofKangra
Tehsils
HeadquartersDharamshala
Government
 • Lok Sabha Constituency , part of
 • Member of Parliament, Lok SabhaKishan Kapoor[1]

 • Deputy CommissionerNipun jindal , IAS[2]

 • Superintendent of PoliceVimukt Ranjan, IPS[3]
Area
 • Total5,739 km2 (2,216 sq mi)
Highest elevation5,930 m (19,460 ft)
Lowest elevation
500 m (1,600 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total1,510,075
 • Density263/km2 (680/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationHP- 68(RTO),
01/ 02D(Taxi)
Largest cityDharamshala & Palampur
Gender ratio1012 females/1000 males
Literacy rate85.67%
Vidhan Sabha Constituencies15
ClimateETh (Köppen)
Avg. summer temperature32 °C (90 °F)
Avg. winter temperature20 °C (68 °F)
Websitehpkangra.nic.in

HistoryEdit

Kangra is known for having the oldest serving Royal Dynasty in the world, the Katoch.[6] In 1758, Raja Ghamand Chand was appointed nazim or governor of Jullundur Doab under the Afghans. Ghamand Chand was a brave and strong ruler who restored the prestige of Kangra. As he was unable to capture Kangra fort, he built another fort at Tira Sujanpur on the left bank of the Beas, almost opposite to Alampur on a hill overlooking the town. He died in 1774 and was succeeded by his son, Tegh Chand, who died too soon in 1775.[7] Kangra was annexed by Maharaja Ranjit Singh's Sikh Empire in 1810. Kangra became a district of British India in 1846, when it was ceded to British India at the conclusion of the First Anglo-Sikh War. The British district included the present-day districts of Kangra, Hamirpur, Kullu, and Lahul and Spiti. Kangra District was part of the British province of Punjab. The administrative headquarters of the district were initially at Kangra, but were moved to Dharamshala in 1855.[8][9]

DemographicsEdit

Religion in Kangra district (2011)[10]

  Hinduism (96.76%)
  Islam (1.31%)
  Buddhism (0.96%)
  Christianity (0.2%)
  Sikhism (0.59%)
  Jainism (0.01%)
  Others (0.01%)
  Not Stated (0.15%)

According to the 2011 census Kangra district had population of 1,510,000.[11]: 18 

At the 2011 Census, 70.9% of the population in the district spoke Kangri, 14.9% Pahari, 5.55% Hindi, 2.64% Gaddi and 2.06% Punjabi as their first language.[12]

District highlights of 2011 Census[11]

  • Kangra district has the highest number of 3,869 villages among the 12 district of the state.
  • Kangra district occupies the 1st rank among the districts in terms of population.
  • Kangra district occupies the 2nd position in terms of sex ratio among the districts of the state with 1,012 females per 1,000 males as compared to 972 females per 1,000 males of state average.
  • Kangra district stands 1st position in terms of its working force having total workers of 675,170 persons against 3,559,422 working persons of the state.
  • Kangra district stands at 5th positions in terms of decadal population growth (2001-2011) of 12.8 per cent persons in comparison to state decadal population growth of 12.9 per cent persons.
  • In terms of density of population per km2., Kangra district with 263 persons per km2. stands at 5th rank in the state.
  • Kangra district occupies 1st rank among the districts of the state in terms of literate population. It has a literate population of 1,152,640 persons.
  • Kangra district holds the 2nd rank in terms of scheduled tribe population in the state. It has reported 84,564 persons as scheduled tribe.
  • The economy of Kangra district is mainly depends on agriculture. It has returned 303,007 persons as cultivators and holds the 2nd position among the districts of the state
  • All the inhabited villages of the district enjoy the facility of electricity and potable drinking water.
  • Kangra district is also known for its attractive tourist destinations. Dharamsala, Kangra, Palampur, Baijnath, Jawalamukhi and Masroor are the famous places of tourist interest in the district. McLeodganj in Dharamsala is a seat of the Dalai Lama has become a place of international fame since 1966.
  • Central University of Himachal Pradesh at Dharamsala in Kangra district was established on 20 March 2009 under the Central University Act 2009(No.25 of 2009) of Indian Parliament.

The native people are the Kangri people and the native language is Kangri, which is very similar to Dogri. The majority of the people are Hindu, although many Tibetans and others who follow Buddhism have also settled here recently. There are also other minorities such as Sikhs, Muslims, and Christians.

Jhamakda is a folk dance of Kangra. It is exclusively performed by women. It features percussion instruments and songs.[13]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901478,364—    
1911469,046−0.20%
1921469,251+0.00%
1931494,658+0.53%
1941563,163+1.31%
1951570,643+0.13%
1961657,232+1.42%
1971800,863+2.00%
1981990,758+2.15%
19911,174,072+1.71%
20011,339,030+1.32%
20111,510,075+1.21%
source:[14]

EducationEdit

SchoolsEdit

AdministrationEdit

Notable peopleEdit

See alsoEdit

Notes and referencesEdit

  1. ^ "Members : Lok Sabha".
  2. ^ "Deputy Commissioner Kangra, Himachal Pradesh | District Kangra, Government of Himachal Pradesh | India".
  3. ^ "Who's Who | District Kangra, Government of Himachal Pradesh | India".
  4. ^ "Hanuman Tibba Climbing Expedition (19450 Ft.)".
  5. ^ "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  6. ^ https://cdn.s3waas.gov.in/s348aedb8880cab8c45637abc7493ecddd/uploads/2018/03/2018032983.pdf#page=48[bare URL PDF]
  7. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). himachalpradeshtravel.com. Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 July 2018. Retrieved 11 January 2022.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  8. ^ Kangra District The Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 14, p. 380.
  9. ^ Dharamshala The Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 11, p. 301.
  10. ^ "Kangra district Population". Census India. Retrieved 11 July 2021.
  11. ^ a b "DISTRICT CENSUS HANDBOOK KANGRAVILLAGE AND TOWN WISEPRIMARY CENSUS ABSTRACT (PCA)" (PDF). censusindia.gov.in/2011census. Retrieved 18 September 2018.
  12. ^ "C-16 Population By Mother Tongue - Himachal Pradesh". censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 6 October 2019.
  13. ^ http://himachalpradeshtravel.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/08/History-of-Kangra.pdf[bare URL PDF]
  14. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901

Further readingEdit

  • Hutchinson, J. & J. PH Vogel (1933). History of the Panjab Hill States, Vol. I. 1st edition: Govt. Printing, Punjab, Lahore, 1933. Reprint 2000. Department of Language and Culture, Himachal Pradesh. Chapter V Kangra State, pp. 99–198.

External linksEdit