Open main menu

Kangra, Himachal Pradesh

Kangra is a city and a municipal council in Kangra district now in the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh. Historically it was known as Nagarkot.[1]

Kangra City
City
Kangra.jpg
Kangra City is located in Himachal Pradesh
Kangra City
Kangra City
Location in Himachal Pradesh, India
Kangra City is located in India
Kangra City
Kangra City
Kangra City (India)
Coordinates: 32°06′N 76°16′E / 32.1°N 76.27°E / 32.1; 76.27Coordinates: 32°06′N 76°16′E / 32.1°N 76.27°E / 32.1; 76.27
Country India
StateHimachal Pradesh
DistrictKangra
Government
 • TypeBJP
Area
 • Total15 km2 (6 sq mi)
Elevation733 m (2,405 ft)
Population (2018)
 • Total9,528
 • Rank17 in HP
 • Density640/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialHindi, English
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationHP-40, HP-68, HP-04

Contents

Meaning of KangraEdit

Kangra is a composite word made out of Kaann (meaning ear) + gaddha (create/mold).

British documentation of ancient and medieval plastic surgeryEdit

The British archaeologist and historian Sir Alexander Cunningham documented and brought to light the tradition and science of Kangra plastic operations. Although, modern plastic surgery uses the same techniques as the ancient techniques developed in South India, for north Indians Kangra's own unique methods were more popular and accessible.[2][dubious ]

HistoryEdit

Historically known as Nagarkot[1] and "Trigarta." The town of Kangra was founded by Katoch Kshatriya Rajputs of Chandervanshi Lineage. The Katoch Rajas had a stronghold here, with a fort and lavish temples.

Another ancient name of the city is Bhimagar[3] and it was supposedly founded by Raja Bhim, younger brother of Kuru Emperor Yudhishthira of Indraprastha (now Delhi).

The temple of Devi Vajreshwari was one of the oldest and wealthiest in northern India. It was destroyed, together with the fort and the town, by 1905 Kangra earthquake on 4 April 1905, when 1339 lives were lost in this place alone, and about 20,000 elsewhere. In 1855 the headquarters of the district were removed to the cantonment of Dharmsala, which was established in 1849.[1][4][5]

Invasions on NagarkotEdit

It is said that Mahmud of Ghazni looted a fort in the region in 1009, but whether the fort of Kangra was taken or not is not yet historically verified. There were hundreds of well-defended forts that lay between Ghazni and Nagartkot fort, and so it highly unlikely that his looting expedition ever reached Kangra. Also this claim is negated by historians who have cited various sources to say that the fort was impregnable and remained unconquered until the conquest by Emperor Jehangir in 1622.[6]

The Katoch-Sikh battles and alliances against Kingdom of NepalEdit

 
Battle of Kangda led by Nepali commander Amar Singh Thapa

The fort was recaptured by the Katoch Kings after Jehangir's death. Multiple battles ensued between the Sikh king Maharaja Ranjit Singh and the Katoch King Sansar Chand Katoch. But, while the war between the Sikhs and Katochs was taking place, the gates of Kangra fort were left open. The Gurkha army entered the opened gates of Nagarkot fort in 1806. This forced an alliance between the battling Sikhs and Katochs, and both the armies re-captured the fort after a battle in 1809. Kangra stayed with the Katoch Kings until 1828 when Maharaja Ranjit Singh annexed it after Sansar Chand's death. The fort and city were then captured by the British in 1846 and remained occupied until India's independence. The princely state of Kangra was merged in India in 1948 by the then titled Raja of Kangra-Lambagraon namely Raja Druv Dev Chand Katoch. It was part of composite Punjab till November 1966 when it got transferred to Himachal Pradesh.[7]

GeographyEdit

 
A map of the Punjab region.

Kangra is located at 32°06′N 76°16′E / 32.1°N 76.27°E / 32.1; 76.27.[8] It has an average elevation of 733 metres (2404 ft). The district of Kangra extends from the Jalandhar Doab far into the southern ranges of the Himalaya. It is a town at the confluence of the Bener River and Majhi River, and Beas is an important river here.

EconomyEdit

Tea cultivation was introduced into Kangra valley about 1850. The Palampur fair, established by government with a view to fostering commerce with central Asia, attracts a small concourse of Yarkandi merchants. The Lahulis carry on an enterprising trade with Ladakh and countries beyond the frontier, by means of pack sheep and goats. Rice, tea, potatoes, spices, wool and honey are the chief exports.

Visitor's attractionsEdit

 
Ambika Mata temple, Kangra Fort

The Kangra Fort is also a popular tourist attraction. It is one of the oldest forts of India as well as the oldest in Himachal Pradesh. Audio Guides are available at Maharaja Sansar Chand Museum adjoining the Kangra Fort.

 
Rock Cut Temple, Masroor

It is the home of Masroor Rock Cut Temple built by Pandavas, also known as Himalayan Pyramids and Wonder of the world for being likely contender for the UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Kangra valley is one of the most picturesque, green and luxuriant valleys of lower Himalayas and is sheltered by the sublime Dhauladhar range, making it one of the most famous districts of Himachal Pradesh. Kangra is mainly famous for its natural beauty and tea gardens and receives many visitors.

 
Dhauladhar Mountain Range from Kangra, Himachal Pradesh

Many ancient temples like the Jawalaji, Chamunda Devi temple, chintapurni temple, Baba Baroh and Baijnath temple are found here.

Gopalpur Nature Park in Gopalpur village has tea gardens. Gopalpur nature park is closed on Mondays.

Mcleodganj near Dharamshala is the home-in-exile to the Dalai Lama.[9] "Bhagsunag temple" is there. The cricket ground of Dharamshala is also a major attraction because of its location and quality pitch.

DemographicsEdit

The 2001 India census[10] states that Kangra had a population of 9,154. Males constitute 50% of the population and females 50%. Kangra has an average literacy rate of 83%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 85%, and female literacy is 81%. In Kangra, 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Area Profile of Kangra TownEdit

As of 2001 India census,[10]

  • Number of Households - 1,924
  • Average Household Size(per Household) - 5.0
  • Population-Total - 10,185
  • Population-Urban - 10,185
  • Proportion of Urban Population (%) - 100
  • Population-Rural - 0
  • Sex Ratio - 997
  • Population (0-6 Years) - 902
  • Sex Ratio (0-6 Years) - 797
  • SC Population - 660
  • Sex Ratio (SC) - 1050
  • Proportion of SC (%) - 7.0
  • ST Population - 10
  • Sex Ratio (ST) -150 0
  • Proportion of ST (%) - 0
  • Literates - 7,567
  • Illiterates - 1,589
  • Literacy Rate (%) - 92.0

Shopping Malls & HangoutsEdit

The city has Hill side Mall, Maximus Mall and Domino's. For shopping Big Bazaar, Vihal Mega Mart, Rajput Shopping Complex are present. Reliance Fresh and Panatloons showrooms are coming soon.

TransportEdit

Kangra Airport (IATA airport code DHM) is 10 km to the city's north. It is served by Kangra Valley Railway line from Pathankot 94 km away. It is connected by road with other cities in Himachal Pradesh and India. It is 450 km from Delhi, 36 km from Palampur and 15 km from Dharamshala, 220 km from Chandigarh.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Kangra Town The Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 14, p. 397.
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 4 January 2016. Retrieved 23 August 2015.Official account of Plastic Surgery in Ancient India[dead link]
  3. ^ Early Aryans to Swaraj By S.R. Bakshi, page 40
  4. ^ Kangra District The Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 14, p. 380. .
  5. ^ Dharamsala The Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 11, p. 301.
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 1 November 2015. Retrieved 23 August 2015. Official historical account of Kangra
  7. ^ "Official website". Archived from the original on 9 January 2012.
  8. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Kangra
  9. ^ An Informative, Travel and Community website of Dharamsala, McleodGanj and Kangra Valley
  10. ^ a b "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.

Further readingEdit

  • Chakrabarti D.K. (1984). The Antiquities of Kangra. Delhi: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Private Limited.

External linksEdit