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Kandiyohi County (/kændˈjh/ kan-dee-YOH-hy) is a county in the U.S. state of Minnesota. As of the 2010 United States Census, its population is 42,239.[2] As of November 20, 1871, its county seat is Willmar.[3]

Kandiyohi County
Kandiyohi County Courthouse
Kandiyohi County Courthouse
Map of Minnesota highlighting Kandiyohi County
Location within the U.S. state of Minnesota
Map of the United States highlighting Minnesota
Minnesota's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 45°09′N 95°01′W / 45.15°N 95.01°W / 45.15; -95.01
Country United States
State Minnesota
FoundedMarch 20, 1858[1]
Named for"where buffalo fish come" (Dakota)
SeatWillmar
Largest cityWillmar
Area
 • Total862 sq mi (2,230 km2)
 • Land797 sq mi (2,060 km2)
 • Water66 sq mi (170 km2)  7.6%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2018)
42,855
 • Density53.6/sq mi (20.7/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district7th
Websitewww.co.kandiyohi.mn.us

Kandiyohi County comprises the US Census Bureau's "Willmar, MN Micropolitan Statistical Area".

HistoryEdit

Kandiyohi County is named for a Dakota word meaning "where the buffalo fish come".[4] (kandi’ - the buffalo fish + oh-hi’-yu - v. of hiyu - to come through).[5] It was organized on March 20, 1858, with Kandiyohi as the county seat (it was then called Kandiyohi Station, as it was merely a stop on the railroad line). The original county occupied only the southern half of its current area. Development was slow, and in 1870 the state legislature called for Monongalia County to merge with Kandiyohi. It took until November 21, 1871 to agree on the centrally located Willmar as the county seat.

GeographyEdit

The terrain of Kandiyohi County consists of rolling hills, partly wooded, mostly devoted to agriculture.[6] The territory slopes to the south and west, with the highest point near its NE corner, at 1,306' (398m) ASL.[7] The county has a total area of 862 square miles (2,230 km2), of which 797 square miles (2,060 km2) are land and 66 square miles (170 km2) (7.6%) are covered by water.[8] Kandiyohi County is one of seven southern Minnesota counties that have no forest soils; only prairie ecosystems of savannas and prairies exist.

 
Soils of Kandiyohi County[9]
 
Soils of Sibley State Park

Lakes[6]Edit

  • Bass Lake
  • Bear Lake
  • Big Kandiyohi Lake
  • Burr Oak Lake
  • Calhoun Lake
  • Cherry Lake
  • Church Lake
  • Crook Lake
  • Diamond Lake
  • Dog Lake
  • Downs Lake
  • Eagle Lake
  • East Solomon Lake
  • East Sunburg Lake
  • Elkhorn Lake
  • Ella Lake
  • Emma Lake
  • Florida Lake
  • Foot Lake
  • Games Lake
  • George Lake
  • Ging Lake
  • Green Lake
  • Hefta Lake
  • Henchien Lake
  • Henderson Lake
  • Henium Lake
  • Hubbard Lake
  • Johnson Lake
  • Knutsons Lake
  • Lake Andrew
  • Lake Carrie
  • Lake Eight
  • Lake Eleanor
  • Lake Elizabeth
  • Lake Kasota
  • Lake Lillian
  • Lake Minnetaga
  • Lindgren Lake
  • Little Kandiyohi Lake
  • Long Lake (Dovre Township0
  • Long Lake: (Irving and Roseville townships)
  • Mamre Lake
  • Mary Lake
  • Middle Lake
  • Mud Lake
  • Nest Lake
  • Norstedt Lake
  • Norway Lake
  • Olson Lake
  • Otter Lake
  • Point Lake
  • Prairie Lake
  • Ringo Lake
  • Saint Johns Lake
  • Schultz Lake
  • Shoemaker Lake
  • Skataas Lake
  • Skull Lake
  • Sperry Lake
  • Stevens Lake
  • Summit Lake
  • Swan Lake (Colfax and Lake Andrew townships)
  • Swan Lake: (Dovre and Willmar townships)
  • Swan Lake: (Kandiyohi Township)
  • Swan Lake: (Mamre Township)
  • Swenson Lake
  • Taits Lake
  • Thompson Lake
  • Timber Lake
  • Twin Lakes
  • Wagonga Lake
  • West Solomon Lake
  • West Sunburg Lake (part)
  • Wheeler Lake
  • Willmar Lake
  • Woodcock Lake (Green Lake Township)
  • Woodcock Lake: (New London and Green Lake townships)

Major highwaysEdit

Adjacent countiesEdit

Protected areas[6]Edit

  • Burbank State Wildlife Management Area
  • Dietrich Lange State Wildlife Management Area
  • Oleander State Wildlife Management Area
  • Ringo-Nest State Wildlife Management Area
  • Roseville State Wildlife Management Area
  • Sibley State Park
  • Sunburg State Wildlife Management Area
  • Yohi State Wildlife Management Area

DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
186076
18701,7602,215.8%
188010,159477.2%
189013,99737.8%
190018,41631.6%
191018,9693.0%
192022,06016.3%
193023,5746.9%
194026,52412.5%
195028,6448.0%
196029,9874.7%
197030,5481.9%
198036,76320.3%
199038,7615.4%
200041,2036.3%
201042,2392.5%
Est. 201842,855[10]1.5%
US Decennial Census[11]
1790-1960[12] 1900-1990[13]
1990-2000[14] 2010-2018[2]
 
Age pyramid of county residents based on 2000 US census data

2000 censusEdit

As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 41,203 people, 15,936 households, and 10,979 families residing in the county. The population density was 51.7/sqmi (20.0/km²). There were 18,415 housing units at an average density of 23.1/sqmi (8.92/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 93.62% White, 0.51% Black or African American, 0.33% Native American, 0.38% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 4.17% from other races, and 0.91% from two or more races. 8.00% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 31.4% were of German, 25.8% Norwegian, 9.9% Swedish and 5.6% Dutch ancestry.

There were 15,936 households, out of which 33.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.70% were married couples living together, 7.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.10% were non-families. 25.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.05.

The county population contained 26.60% under the age of 18, 9.50% from 18 to 24, 26.50% from 25 to 44, 22.50% from 45 to 64, and 14.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 98.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $39,772, and the median income for a family was $48,016. Males had a median income of $32,272 versus $22,128 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,627. About 5.90% of families and 9.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.10% of those under age 18 and 7.90% of those age 65 or over.

CommunitiesEdit

PoliticsEdit

Kandiyohi County voters have switched from Democratic to Republican in recent years. In no national election since 1996 has the county selected the Democratic Party candidate (as of 2016).

Presidential election results
Presidential elections results[15]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 58.7% 12,785 33.4% 7,266 7.9% 1,721
2012 52.4% 11,240 45.7% 9,805 2.0% 420
2008 51.7% 11,319 46.2% 10,125 2.1% 451
2004 54.8% 11,704 43.7% 9,337 1.4% 308
2000 52.0% 10,026 42.6% 8,220 5.4% 1,039
1996 38.4% 7,119 48.6% 9,009 13.0% 2,404
1992 34.5% 6,784 40.3% 7,914 25.2% 4,958
1988 48.3% 8,634 50.2% 8,962 1.5% 266
1984 52.7% 9,539 46.4% 8,402 0.9% 163
1980 46.9% 8,480 44.4% 8,038 8.7% 1,577
1976 38.9% 6,664 58.3% 9,992 2.8% 474
1972 45.7% 6,624 50.0% 7,241 4.3% 616
1968 38.0% 5,086 57.0% 7,639 5.0% 675
1964 30.5% 4,011 69.2% 9,108 0.3% 37
1960 50.0% 6,786 49.7% 6,738 0.3% 43
1956 44.3% 5,445 55.5% 6,834 0.2% 26
1952 50.0% 6,370 49.1% 6,264 0.9% 113
1948 31.6% 3,666 62.1% 7,204 6.2% 723
1944 36.6% 3,784 62.6% 6,482 0.8% 87
1940 36.9% 4,263 62.3% 7,187 0.8% 90
1936 26.3% 2,500 69.3% 6,595 4.5% 429
1932 30.0% 2,674 65.3% 5,813 4.7% 414
1928 67.8% 5,780 29.1% 2,481 3.1% 261
1924 40.2% 3,222 2.8% 222 57.1% 4,578
1920 63.7% 4,759 17.2% 1,282 19.2% 1,433
1916 41.8% 1,612 51.1% 1,968 7.1% 275
1912 14.6% 484 25.8% 855 59.6% 1,979
1908 63.6% 2,312 26.1% 947 10.3% 375
1904 81.3% 2,576 8.0% 252 10.8% 342
1900 64.3% 2,343 33.1% 1,204 2.6% 96
1896 56.3% 2,181 42.3% 1,638 1.5% 58
1892 50.9% 1,341 14.9% 391 34.2% 901

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Minnesota Place Names". Minnesota Historical Society. Retrieved March 18, 2014.
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved September 1, 2013.
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 172.
  5. ^
  6. ^ a b c Kandiyohi County MN Google Maps (accessed 14 March 2019)
  7. ^ "Find an Altitude/Kandiyohi County MN" Google Maps (accessed 14 March 2019)
  8. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on September 21, 2013. Retrieved October 18, 2014.
  9. ^ Nelson, Steven (2011). Savanna Soils of Minnesota. Minnesota:Self. pp. 49-52. ISBN 978-0-615-50320-2.
  10. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved April 30, 2019.
  11. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved October 18, 2014.
  12. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved October 18, 2014.
  13. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved October 18, 2014.
  14. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Retrieved October 18, 2014.
  15. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 7, 2018.

External linksEdit