Kamen Rider

  (Redirected from Kamen Rider Series)

Kamen Rider (Japanese: 仮面ライダーシリーズ, Hepburn: Kamen Raidā Shirīzu, translated as "Masked Rider Series"), also known as Masked Rider, is a metaseries / media mix of tokusatsu television programs and films, and manga, created by manga artist Shotaro Ishinomori. The Kamen Rider media generally features a motorcycle-riding superhero with an insect motif who fights supervillains, often known as kaijin (怪人).

Kamen Rider
Kamen rider eurodata.png
A statue of Kamen Rider 1 outside of Bandai Corporate Headquarters in Taitō, Tokyo
Created byShotaro Ishinomori
Ishimori Productions
Toei Company
Original workKamen Rider
Owned byIshimori Productions
Toei Company
MBS/NET (1971–1975, up to Amazon)
MBS/TBS (1975-1989, from Stronger up to Black RX)
TV Asahi (2000-present)
ADK (2000-present)
Films and television
Film(s)See below
Television seriesSee below
TraditionalRangers Strike
Video game(s)Kamen Rider Battle: Ganbaride
Kamen Rider: Climax Heroes
All Kamen Rider: Rider Generation
Kamen Rider: Battride War
Original musicRider Chips
Kamen Rider Girls
Toy(s)Super Imaginative Chogokin
Souchaku Henshin
S.H. Figuarts
Mainly sponsored byBandai
Seiban Ltd. (for Seiban-branded backpacks)
Otsuka Pharmaceutical Company (for Oronamin C)
Official website

The franchise began in 1971 with the Kamen Rider television series, which followed college student Takeshi Hongo and his quest to defeat the world-conquering Shocker organization. Its popularity has grown; the original series spawned television and film sequels and launched the Second Kaiju Boom (also known as the Henshin Boom) on Japanese television during the early 1970s, impacting the superhero and action-adventure genres in Japan.[1]

As Bandai (now part of Bandai Namco Entertainment’s subsidiary) mostly owns the Kamen Rider toy-selling rights in Japan (and some Asia regions), BlueFin Brand handles its toy-selling rights in USA as of November 7, 2019.[2]


Showa EraEdit

Produced by Toru Hirayama (平山 亨, Hirayama Tōru) and designed by Shotaro Ishinomori (creator of Cyborg 009), Kamen Rider premiered on April 3, 1971 initially intended as an adaptation of Ishinomori's Skull Man. He and Hirayama redesigned the main character to resemble a grasshopper. The hero Takeshi Hongo/Kamen Rider, played by actor and stuntman Hiroshi Fujioka, was described as a transformed human (改造人間, kaizō ningen) (cyborg). During the filming of episode 10, Fujioka was thrown from his motorcycle during a stunt and broke both legs. His character was temporarily phased out until the introduction of another transformed human, Hayato Ichimonji/Kamen Rider 2 (played by Takeshi Sasaki) was introduced in episode 14. Hongo (Fujioka) was reintroduced in episode 40, and by episode 53, had fully replaced Ichimonji's character until the two were united in episodes 72, 73, 93, 94 - and series finale - episode 98. The series from April 1971 to January 1976 (Kamen Rider, V3, X, Amazon, Stronger) included a recurring mentor, Tobei Tachibana.

After a four-year hiatus following the finale of Kamen Rider Stronger, the series returned to broadcast television in October 1979 for two years with The New Kamen Rider (featuring Skyrider) and Kamen Rider Super-1. In these shows, Tachibana was replaced by a similar character named Genjiro Tani (谷 源次郎, Tani Genjirō). The annual new shows ended briefly during the 1980s, punctuated by the 1984 Kamen Rider ZX special Birth of the 10th! Kamen Riders All Together!! (Hirayama's last project for the franchise).

Kamen Rider Black premiered in 1987, the first series not hinting at a relationship to its predecessors. Black was the first show in the franchise with a direct sequel: Kamen Rider Black RX, the basis of Saban's Americanized Masked Rider. In RX's finale, the ten previous Riders returned to help Black RX defeat the Crisis Empire. Kamen Rider Black RX was the final show produced during the Shōwa era, with the franchise resuming production by the end of the 20th century. A manga of Kamen Rider Black was a novelization and reimagination of the Black-RX series' continuity. Absent from television during the 1990s, the franchise was kept alive by stage shows, musical CDs, and the Shin, ZO, and J films.

Heisei EraEdit

Phase 1Edit

Toei announced a new project, Kamen Rider Kuuga, in May 1999. Kuuga was part of Ishinomori's 1997 Kamen Rider revival in preparation for its 30th anniversary, but he died before the shows materialized. During the summer of 1999, Kuuga was promoted in magazine advertisements and TV commercials. On January 30, 2000, Kamen Rider Kuuga premiered with newcomer Joe Odagiri.[3]

In 2005, Kamen Rider: The First was produced. Written by Toshiki Inoue, the film reimagines the manga and original television series and characters from the original series had their storylines altered to fit the film's time span. Masaya Kikawada played Takeshi Hongo/Kamen Rider 1 and Hassei Takano (previously Miyuki Tezuka/Kamen Rider Raia in Kamen Rider Ryuki) was Hayato Ichimonji/Kamen Rider 2. This was followed in 2007 by Kamen Rider The Next, an adaptation of Kamen Rider V3 starring Kazuki Kato (previously Daisuke Kazama/Kamen Rider Drake in Kamen Rider Kabuto) as Shiro Kazami/Kamen Rider V3 and with Kikawada and Takano reprising their roles.

The eighth series, Kamen Rider Den-O, followed in 2007. Differing from past Kamen Rider series, it introduces a rider who is unsure of himself. The series has a large vehicle, the DenLiner: a bullet train which can travel through time. Although the series has only two riders (Den-O and Zeronos), they have multiple forms similar to Black RX, Kuuga, and Agito. Due to Den-O's popularity, a second film crossover with the 2008 series Kamen Rider Kiva was released on April 12, 2008. The top film in its opening weekend,[4] it grossed ¥730 million.[5] In addition, Animate produced an OVA, Imagin Anime, with SD versions of the Imagin. A third film, Saraba Kamen Rider Den-O: Final Countdown (with two new riders) was an epilogue for the series.[5] According to Takeru Satoh, who played the lead character of Den-O in the television series and first three films, the series was successful because of its humor.[6]

The 2009 series, Kamen Rider Decade, commemorated the Heisei run's 10th anniversary. Japanese recording artist Gackt performed the series' opening theme, "Journey through the Decade", and the film's theme song ("The Next Decade") and jokingly expressed interest in playing a villain on the show.[7] Also announced in 2009 was a fourth Den-O film[8] (later revealed as the beginning of the Cho-Den-O Series of films),[9] starting with Cho Kamen Rider Den-O & Decade Neo Generations: The Onigashima Warship. In the March 2009 issue of Kindai magazine, Decade star Masahiro Inoue said that the series was scheduled for only 30 episodes.

Phase 2Edit

Advertisements in May, June, and July 2009 promoted the debut of Kamen Rider W,[10] who first appeared at the 10th-anniversary Masked Rider Live event[11] and was featured in Kamen Rider Decade: All Riders vs. Dai-Shocker. The staff of W said that they planned to make 10 more years of Kamen Rider, differentiating subsequent series from the Kuuga through Decade period (including a new broadcast season from September of one year to about August of the next). The hero of Kamen Rider W is the first Kamen Rider to transform from two people at once,[10] and the series premiered on September 6, 2009.[12] Continuing into 2010 with Kamen Rider × Kamen Rider W & Decade: Movie War 2010, W ran from September 2009 to September 2010 instead of from January to January. The second, third, and fourth films of the Cho-Den-O series, collectively known as Kamen Rider × Kamen Rider × Kamen Rider The Movie: Cho-Den-O Trilogy, were also released in 2010.[13] Late 2010 brought the series Kamen Rider OOO to television after W's finale, and 2011 observed the 40th anniversary of the franchise. Festivities that year included the Kamen Rider Girls idol group, the film OOO, Den-O, All Riders: Let's Go Kamen Riders (released on April 1) and OOO's successor, Kamen Rider Fourze, which references the previous heroes in its characters' names and its plot. A crossover film, Kamen Rider × Super Sentai: Super Hero Taisen, was released in 2012 featuring the heroes of all Kamen Rider and Super Sentai series to date.[14]

With Fourze's run complete in 2012, Kamen Rider Wizard premiered; its protagonist was the first Kamen Rider to use magic.[15] Wizard additionally had the first homosexual character and cast member with Kaba-chan.[16] Kamen Rider × Super Sentai × Space Sheriff: Super Hero Taisen Z, a sequel to 2012's Super Hero Taisen with the revived Metal Hero Series characters from Space Sheriff Gavan: The Movie and other characters created by Shotaro Ishinomori appearing in Kamen Rider × Kamen Rider Wizard & Fourze: Movie War Ultimatum, was released in 2013.

On May 20, 2013, Toei filed for several trademarks on the phrase Kamen Raidā Gaimu (仮面ライダー鎧武(ガイム)).[17] Kamen Rider Gaim previewed on July 25, 2013, revealing a Sengoku period and fruit-themed motif to the series' multiple-rival Kamen Riders and Gen Urobuchi as the series' main writer.[18][19] The third entry in the Super Hero Taisen film series, Heisei Rider vs. Shōwa Rider: Kamen Rider Taisen feat. Super Sentai, marked the 15th anniversary of the Heisei Kamen Rider era and revolved around a conflict between the 15 Heisei Riders and the 15 Showa Riders with Kamen Rider Fifteen, and a cameo appearance by the ToQgers and the Kyoryugers. It also marked the start of a yearly Haruyasumi Gattai Supesharu (春休み合体スペシャル, Spring Break Combined Special) involving each year's Kamen Rider teaming up with the current Super Sentai team in a story tying into that year's entry in the Super Hero Taisen movie series. Gaim was followed in 2014 by Kamen Rider Drive, the first Kamen Rider since Kamen Rider Black RX (who also used a motorcycle), to use a car instead of a motorcycle.[20][21][22][23][24][25][26][27][28] The fourth Super Hero Taisen, Super Hero Taisen GP, marks Kamen Rider 3's first live-action appearance after the Showa Kamen Rider manga. Kamen Rider Ghost was introduced in 2015. In 2016 the Kamen Rider series celebrated its 45th anniversary, and Toei released the film Kamen Rider 1 on March 26, 2016.[29] Kamen Rider Ex-Aid was introduced in 2016 and was the first Rider series to have a character, Kiriya Kujo, portray the main Rider's motorcycle. A Movie War film known as Kamen Rider Heisei Generations: Dr. Pac-Man vs. Ex-Aid & Ghost with Legend Rider was announced for December 10, 2016, featuring Bandai Namco Entertainment's original character created by Namco prior to merging with Bandai in 2006, Pac-Man. Following up Ex-Aid's finale, Kamen Rider Build premiered on September 3, 2017.[30] The twentieth and last series of the Heisei era, Kamen Rider Zi-O, which commemorates the 20th anniversary of the Heisei era, premiered on September 2, 2018. On December 22, 2018, a film commemorating all the Riders of the Heisei Era titled Kamen Rider Heisei Generations Forever premiered in Japanese theaters.

Reiwa EraEdit

On May 13, 2019, Toei filed a trademark on the phrase Kamen Rider Zero-One (仮面ライダーゼロワン, Kamen Raidā Zerowan), which started on September 1, 2019.[31] Its followup, Kamen Rider Saber (仮面ライダーセイバー/聖刃, Kamen Raidā Seibā), began on September 6, 2020.


Main seriesEdit

A 205 series train on the Senseki Line with Kamen Rider and other Shotaro Ishinomori character livery. The Senseki Line has a terminal in Ishinomori's hometown of Ishinomaki, Miyagi Prefecture.

The following is a list of the Kamen Rider series and their broadcast years:

Television specialsEdit

Theatrical releasesEdit

V-Cinema releasesEdit

Direct-to-video releases, films focusing on secondary riders and storylines, began appearing during the franchise's Heisei era. Hyper Battle Videos are episodes included with Televi-Kun magazine.

  • 1992: Shin Kamen Rider: Prologue
  • 1993: Kamen Rider SD – Only anime adaptation
  • 2011: Kamen Rider W Returns
    • Kamen Rider Accel Chapter
    • Kamen Rider Eternal Chapter
  • 2015: Kamen Rider Gaim Gaiden
    • First Part
      • Kamen Rider Zangetsu Chapter
      • Kamen Rider Baron Chapter
    • Second Part
      • Kamen Rider Duke Chapter
      • Kamen Rider Knuckle Chapter
  • 2017: Kamen Rider Ghost Re-Birth: Kamen Rider Specter
  • 2018: Kamen Rider Ex-Aid Trilogy: Another Ending
    • Brave & Snipe Chapter
    • Para-DX with Poppy Chapter
    • Genm vs. Lazer Chapter
  • 2019: Kamen Rider Build New World
    • First Part
      • Kamen Rider Cross-Z Chapter
    • Second Part
      • Kamen Rider Grease Chapter
  • 2020: Kamen Rider Zi-O Next Time: Geiz Majesty

Hyper Battle VideosEdit

  • 2000: Kamen Rider Kuuga: vs. the Strong Monster Go-Jiino-Da
  • 2001: Kamen Rider Agito: Three rider TV-kun Special
  • 2002: Kamen Rider Ryuki Hyper Battle: Kamen Rider Ryuki vs. Kamen Rider Agito
  • 2003: Kamen Rider 555: The Musical
  • 2004: Kamen Rider Blade: Blade vs Blade
  • 2005: Kamen Rider Hibiki: Transform Asumu: You can be an Oni too
  • 2006: Kamen Rider Kabuto: Birth! Gatack Hyper Form!
  • 2007: Kamen Rider Den-O: Singing, Dancing, Great Time!!
  • 2008: Kamen Rider Kiva: You Can Also be Kiva
  • 2009: Kamen Rider Decade: Protect! The World of TV-Kun
  • 2010: Kamen Rider W: Donburi's α/Farewell Recipe of Love
  • 2011: Kamen Rider OOO: Quiz, Dance, and Takagarooba!?
  • 2012: Kamen Rider Fourze: Rocket Drill States of Friendship
  • 2013: Kamen Rider Wizard: Showtime with the Dance Ring
  • 2014: Kamen Rider Gaim: Fresh Orange Arms is Born!
  • 2015: Kamen Rider Drive Hyper Battle:
    • Type TV-KUN: Hunter & Monster! Chase the Mystery of the Super Thief!
    • Type High Speed! The True Power! Type High Speed is Born!
  • 2016: Kamen Rider Ghost Hyper Battle:
    • Ikkyu Eyecon Contention! Quick Wit Battle!!
    • Ikkyu Eyecon! Awaken, My Quick Wit Power!!
    • Truth! The Secret Of Heroes' Eyecons!
  • 2017: Kamen Rider Ex-Aid "Tricks"
    • Kamen Rider Lazer
    • Kamen Rider Para-DX
  • 2018: Kamen Rider Build
    • Birth! KumaTelevi!! VS Kamen Rider Grease!
    • Kamen Rider Prime Rogue
  • 2019: Kamen Rider ZI-O: Kamen Rider Bi Bi Bi no Bibill Geiz

Web exclusiveEdit

  • 2015: D-Video Special: Kamen Rider 4
  • 2016: Kamen Rider Ghost: Legendary! Riders' Souls!
  • 2016–2017: Kamen Rider Amazons
  • 2017: Kamen Sentai Gorider
  • 2018: Kamen Rider Build: Raising the Hazard Level ~7 Best Matches~
  • 2019: Kamen Rider Zi-O Spin-off
    • Rider Time: Kamen Rider Shinobi
    • Rider Time: Kamen Rider Ryuki


  • 2016: The Legend of Hero Alain
  • 2017: Kamen Rider Snipe: Episode ZERO
  • 2018: ROGUE

Hybrid releaseEdit

Kamen Rider Drive Saga was release at 2016 as a V-Cinema. In 2019, Kamen Rider Brain became the last Drive Saga series in the Heisei period, available solely as a web exclusive miniseries on the Toei Tokusatsu Fan Club service.

  • 2016: Kamen Rider Drive Saga
    • First Part
      • Kamen Rider Chaser Chapter
    • Second Part
      • Kamen Rider Heart Chapter
      • Kamen Rider Mach Chapter
    • Third Part
      • Kamen Rider Brain Chapter

Adaptations outside JapanEdit


In 1975–1976, the Tungstar Company in Taiwan produced a Super Riders series based on the Japanese version.

United StatesEdit

In 1995, Saban produced the first American Masked Rider series after its success adapting Super Sentai into Power Rangers and the Metal Hero Series (VR Troopers and Beetleborgs).

In 2009, a new series, produced by Michael and Steve Wang, was broadcast: Kamen Rider: Dragon Knight, which was adapted from Kamen Rider Ryuki. Although it was cancelled before finishing its syndicated run, it won the first Daytime Emmy for Outstanding Stunt Coordination at the 37th Daytime Emmy Awards. [32][33]

Unofficial Thailand AdaptationEdit

In 1975, Chaiyo Productions made an unofficial Kamen Rider movie entitled Hanuman and the Five Riders, which used original footage of Chaiyo's Hanuman character, spliced with footage from the "Five Riders Vs. King Dark" movie. However, Chaiyo went ahead with the production without authorisation after Toei denied them permission to make an official movie with them, putting the legality of the movie into question.

Licensed merchandiseEdit

Kamen Rider licensed merchandise sales in Japan
Period Sales
April 1971 to January 1976 (est.)[34][35] ¥50,000,000,000
February 1976 to March 2005 ?
Bandai Namco (April 2005 to December 2019)[36] ¥277,400,000,000
April 2005 to March 2006 (toys) ¥6,500,000,000
April 2006 to March 2007 (toys) ¥7,100,000,000
April 2007 to March 2008 ¥13,100,000,000
April 2008 to March 2009 ¥10,400,000,000
April 2009 to March 2010 ¥20,000,000,000
April 2010 to March 2011 ¥26,400,000,000
April 2011 to March 2012 ¥31,900,000,000
April 2012 to March 2013 ¥34,000,000,000
April 2013 to March 2014 ¥30,700,000,000
April 2014 to March 2015 ¥26,200,000,000
April 2015 to March 2016 ¥18,600,000,000
April 2016 to March 2017 ¥22,300,000,000
April 2017 to March 2018 ¥26,400,000,000
April 2018 to March 2019 ¥29,300,000,000
April 2019 to December 2019 ¥24,500,000,000
Known total (est.) ¥327,400,000,000+ ($4,051,804,126+)

Homages and parodiesEdit

The Kamen Rider franchise has been parodied in and outside Japan. One parody is of the Kamen Rider henshin (metamorphosis) pose. In video games, Skullomania (from Street Fighter) and May Lee (from The King of Fighters) are examples of Kamen Rider parodies. In anime, examples include Fair, then Partly Piggy, My-HiME (and its sequel, My Otome), Dragon Ball Z, and Franken Fran as a parody or homage. In the Crayon Shin-chan series, the title character interacts with Kamen Riders in crossover specials. Detective Conan has a recurring TV series the detective boys like to watch, Kamen Yaiba. In One Punch Man, the C Class Hero Mumen Rider is a parody, being an ordinary man in a world of superhuman beings, riding a bicycle rather than a motorcycle. However despite his weakness he is extremely heroic and his actions form a counterpoint to his parodic character conception.

In live action, parodies include "Kamen Renaider" by SMAP's Takuya Kimura and Shingo Katori, a parody of Ryuki; "Kamen Zaiber", a parody of the original; "Kamen Norider" by the Tunnels, a parody of Kamen Rider 1 and the first series; "Kamen Rider HG", Hard Gay's parody of the original for a Japanese TV show, and "Ridermen" (a short skit with a man called Ridermen, a parody of the Riderman on the set of Kamen Rider Kuuga.

Akimasa Nakamura named two minor planets in honor of the series: 12408 Fujioka for actor Hiroshi Fujioka, known for his portrayal of Takeshi Hongo/Kamen Rider 1,[37][38] and 12796 Kamenrider for the series itself.[37][39]


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External linksEdit

TV AsahiEdit