Kamchatka (river)

The Kamchatka (Russian: Камча́тка) is the longest river in Kamchatka peninsula, located in Kamchatka Krai in the Russian Far East. It flows into the Pacific Ocean at the town Ust-Kamchatsk, on the east coast of Kamchatka. It is 758 kilometres (471 mi) long, and has a drainage basin of 55,900 square kilometres (21,600 sq mi).[1] The river is rich with salmon, millions of which spawn yearly and which once supported the settlements of the native Itelmen.[2]

Kamchatka
Meanders of Kamchatka river.jpg
Meanders
Kamchatka (river) is located in Russia
Kamchatka (river)
Location of mouth
Location
CountryRussia
Physical characteristics
MouthPacific Ocean
 • location
Ust-Kamchatsk
 • coordinates
56°12′12″N 162°29′04″E / 56.2032°N 162.4844°E / 56.2032; 162.4844Coordinates: 56°12′12″N 162°29′04″E / 56.2032°N 162.4844°E / 56.2032; 162.4844
Length758 km (471 mi)
Basin size55,900 km2 (21,600 sq mi)
Kamchatka River

ClimateEdit

Like most of its namesake peninsula, the basin of the Kamchatka River has at low altitudes a subarctic climate (Köppen Dfc) with short, cool to comfortable summers and freezing, snowy winters.

Climate data for Icha (Climate ID:32411)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 7.2
(45.0)
6.6
(43.9)
8.4
(47.1)
13.8
(56.8)
19.8
(67.6)
25.6
(78.1)
30.1
(86.2)
27.8
(82.0)
25.4
(77.7)
19.4
(66.9)
13.0
(55.4)
8.8
(47.8)
30.1
(86.2)
Mean maximum °C (°F) 0.2
(32.4)
0.5
(32.9)
4.3
(39.7)
7.0
(44.6)
11.8
(53.2)
16.3
(61.3)
21.0
(69.8)
20.6
(69.1)
17.3
(63.1)
11.1
(52.0)
6.1
(43.0)
1.9
(35.4)
22.5
(72.5)
Average high °C (°F) −8.5
(16.7)
−7.6
(18.3)
−3.4
(25.9)
0.5
(32.9)
5.7
(42.3)
10.1
(50.2)
14.1
(57.4)
15.2
(59.4)
12.5
(54.5)
6.2
(43.2)
−0.2
(31.6)
−5.5
(22.1)
3.3
(37.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) −11.8
(10.8)
−11.0
(12.2)
−6.9
(19.6)
−2.5
(27.5)
2.8
(37.0)
7.3
(45.1)
11.5
(52.7)
12.7
(54.9)
9.8
(49.6)
3.6
(38.5)
−2.7
(27.1)
−8.6
(16.5)
0.3
(32.6)
Average low °C (°F) −15.1
(4.8)
−14.6
(5.7)
−10.3
(13.5)
−5.3
(22.5)
0.5
(32.9)
5.4
(41.7)
9.4
(48.9)
10.8
(51.4)
7.3
(45.1)
1.2
(34.2)
−5.4
(22.3)
−11.8
(10.8)
−2.3
(27.8)
Mean minimum °C (°F) −26.3
(−15.3)
−25.4
(−13.7)
−20.6
(−5.1)
−13.6
(7.5)
−4.3
(24.3)
1.2
(34.2)
5.9
(42.6)
5.9
(42.6)
1.3
(34.3)
−5.6
(21.9)
−15.4
(4.3)
−22.5
(−8.5)
−27.9
(−18.2)
Record low °C (°F) −36.1
(−33.0)
−35.1
(−31.2)
−31
(−24)
−26.7
(−16.1)
−10.7
(12.7)
−2.3
(27.9)
1.1
(34.0)
−0.8
(30.6)
−3.9
(25.0)
−12.6
(9.3)
−23.9
(−11.0)
−30
(−22)
−36.1
(−33.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 25
(1.0)
20
(0.8)
20
(0.8)
27
(1.1)
34
(1.3)
41
(1.6)
66
(2.6)
102
(4.0)
74
(2.9)
87
(3.4)
77
(3.0)
41
(1.6)
614
(24.1)
Source: Roshydromet[3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Река Камчатка, Озёрная Камчатка in the State Water Register of Russia". textual.ru (in Russian).
  2. ^ Map 3.7 (Kamchatka) Archived 2007-07-05 at the Wayback Machine from the series prepared for the INSROP (International Northern Sea Route Programme) Working Paper No. 90 Archived 2009-07-21 at the Wayback Machine in 1997.
  3. ^ "Climate of Icha" (in Russian). Weather and Climate (Погода и климат). Retrieved 8 November 2019.