Kalingapatnam

Kalingapatnam is a town in Srikakulam district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is located in Gara mandal of Srikakulam revenue division.[1] It has one of the major beach sand deposits of the state.[4] Kalingapatnam is located at a distance of 26 km from the district headquarters and 17 km from Singupuram.

Kalingapatnam
Kalingapatana (in odia)
Town
Salihundam Buddhist site near Kalingapatnam
Salihundam Buddhist site near Kalingapatnam
Kalingapatnam is located in Andhra Pradesh
Kalingapatnam
Kalingapatnam
Location in Andhra Pradesh, India
Kalingapatnam is located in India
Kalingapatnam
Kalingapatnam
Kalingapatnam (India)
Coordinates: 18°20′30″N 84°07′15″E / 18.34167°N 84.12083°E / 18.34167; 84.12083Coordinates: 18°20′30″N 84°07′15″E / 18.34167°N 84.12083°E / 18.34167; 84.12083
CountryIndia
StateAndhra Pradesh
RegionSrikakulam
MandalGara
Area
 • Total6.51 km2 (2.51 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)[2]
 • Total6,459
 • Density990/km2 (2,600/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialTelugu
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
532406
Telephone code08942
Vehicle RegistrationAP30 (Former)
AP39 (from 30 January 2019)[3]

Dargah Shariff of Shaik Madeena Acquiline is situated at this place.

HistoryEdit

Kalingapatnam (Kalinga Patana in Odia) was one of ancient Kalinga's harbour villages. European merchants disembarked from the ships and made it their port. It was a minor port and Europeans resided here during East India Company regime. Until 1958, huge ships from Malaysia and Singapore arrived at this port. Perfumes, textiles etc were exported to other countries from here. There was a huge coco plantation spread across the local beaches that were also exported. Kalingapatana port was closed during British rule in India to avoid other invaders entering the country. However, the lighthouse constructed by the British at Kalingapatana port stands as a witness to the European regime. [5]

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Kalingapatnam (1981–2010, extremes 1906–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 34.9
(94.8)
37.8
(100.0)
38.9
(102.0)
41.7
(107.1)
46.9
(116.4)
44.6
(112.3)
41.5
(106.7)
38.2
(100.8)
38.0
(100.4)
36.6
(97.9)
34.8
(94.6)
34.4
(93.9)
46.9
(116.4)
Average high °C (°F) 27.7
(81.9)
29.8
(85.6)
31.9
(89.4)
32.8
(91.0)
33.8
(92.8)
33.2
(91.8)
31.8
(89.2)
31.7
(89.1)
32.0
(89.6)
31.3
(88.3)
29.3
(84.7)
27.7
(81.9)
31.1
(88.0)
Average low °C (°F) 17.8
(64.0)
20.1
(68.2)
23.3
(73.9)
25.5
(77.9)
26.9
(80.4)
26.8
(80.2)
25.9
(78.6)
25.8
(78.4)
25.6
(78.1)
24.0
(75.2)
20.5
(68.9)
17.7
(63.9)
23.3
(73.9)
Record low °C (°F) 9.5
(49.1)
12.8
(55.0)
15.4
(59.7)
18.2
(64.8)
20.5
(68.9)
19.8
(67.6)
20.4
(68.7)
21.4
(70.5)
18.2
(64.8)
17.8
(64.0)
10.3
(50.5)
11.2
(52.2)
9.5
(49.1)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 9.6
(0.38)
20.3
(0.80)
7.7
(0.30)
21.9
(0.86)
65.0
(2.56)
146.7
(5.78)
147.1
(5.79)
177.5
(6.99)
190.5
(7.50)
230.3
(9.07)
104.8
(4.13)
5.7
(0.22)
1,127.1
(44.37)
Average rainy days 0.5 1.2 0.6 1.4 3.3 6.5 8.6 10.1 8.7 7.9 3.0 0.6 52.5
Average relative humidity (%) (at 17:30 IST) 71 73 77 81 81 81 83 84 82 77 70 67 77
Source: India Meteorological Department[6][7]

TourismEdit

Kalingapatnam Beach is the place where river Vamsadhara empties into Bay of Bengal. Buddhist stupas were excavated by the Archaeological department at Salihundam, Ramateertham etc.[8]

A new Shiva temple is being built near the Kalingapatnam Beach towards Machilesam, by K.J.Rao & Co.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "District Census Handbook - Guntur" (PDF). Census of India. p. 27,398. Retrieved 22 September 2015.
  2. ^ "Census 2011". The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 26 July 2014.
  3. ^ "New 'AP 39' code to register vehicles in Andhra Pradesh launched". The New Indian Express. Vijayawada. 31 January 2019. Retrieved 9 June 2019.
  4. ^ al.], editors, A. Sinha, Satyendra K. Singh ; [organised by ISM Alumni Association ... [et (2005). First Indian Mineral Congress & Technological Exhibition, 28th February and 1st March, 2005, ISM, Dhanbad : showcasing the mineral industry in the 21st century. New Delhi: Allied Publishers. ISBN 8177647911. Retrieved 8 April 2015. {{cite book}}: |first1= has generic name (help)
  5. ^ "Eco Tourism | District Srikakulam, Government of Andhra Pradesh | India".
  6. ^ "Station: Kalingapatnam Climatological Table 1981–2010" (PDF). Climatological Normals 1981–2010. India Meteorological Department. January 2015. pp. 379–380. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 18 February 2020.
  7. ^ "Extremes of Temperature & Rainfall for Indian Stations (Up to 2012)" (PDF). India Meteorological Department. December 2016. p. M10. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 18 February 2020.
  8. ^ Murthy, K. Krishna (1987). Glimpses of art, architecture, and Buddhist literature in ancient India (1. publ. ed.). New Delhi: Abhinav Publications. pp. 51–52. ISBN 978-81-7017-226-0. Retrieved 1 November 2015.