Kajang is a town in Hulu Langat District, Selangor, Malaysia. Kajang, along with much of Hulu Langat District, is governed by the Kajang Municipal Council. Kajang town is located on the eastern banks of the Langat River. It is surrounded by Cheras, Semenyih, Bangi, Putrajaya and Serdang.

Kajang
Town
Other transcription(s)
 • Jawiكاجڠ
 • Chinese加影
 • Tamilகாசாங்கு
Kajang.jpg
Official seal of Kajang
Motto(s): 
Kajang Bandar Pilihan untuk Didiami
(Kajang Choice City for Living)
Location in Malaysia
Kajang is located in Malaysia
Kajang
Kajang
Coordinates: 2°59′35″N 101°47′20″E / 2.99306°N 101.78889°E / 2.99306; 101.78889Coordinates: 2°59′35″N 101°47′20″E / 2.99306°N 101.78889°E / 2.99306; 101.78889
CountryMalaysia
StateSelangor
Establishment1709
Granted
municipal status
1 January 1997
Government
 • Yang Di-Pertua
(President)
Dato' Haji Rosli bin Othman DPMS
Area
 • Town93.4 km2 (36.1 sq mi)
 • Urban
790.43 km2 (305.19 sq mi)
Population
 (2020[2])
 • Town236,240
 • Density1,326/km2 (3,393/sq mi)
 • Metro
1,047,356[1]
Time zoneUTC+8 (MST)
 • Summer (DST)Not observed
Postal codes in Malaysia
43000
43200
Calling code+60-3-87
+60-3-89
+60-3-90
Websitewww.mpkj.gov.my

According to the 2020 census, the local authority area (which includes Kajang) has a population of 1.05 million people.[3]

EtymologyEdit

The name Kajang is believed to have originated from the language of Temuan tribes (Orang Asli) who populated the Langat valley in the 17th-18th centuries. In their language kajang referred to their art of weaving screwpine or pandanus leaves, which were prevalent in much of the country. A similar theory stated that settlers from the neighboring domain of Sungai Ujong (Negeri Sembilan) once constructed huts (pondok) in the area with thatched roof made from folded (lipat kajang) screwpine leaves.[4]

It is also believed that the name kajang may have originated from the Buginese word berkajang, meaning camp or accommodation.[5]

Geography and developmentEdit

Kajang is about half an hour's drive from Kuala Lumpur's central business district, primarily through Jalan Cheras and the Grand Saga Expressway; both routes are part of the Malaysia Federal Route 1 system.

In recent years, a few townships were developed in Kajang, such as Taman Prima Saujana, Sungai Chua and Taman Kajang Perdana (Kajang Highlands). High-end developments in Kajang include Twin Palms, Sri Banyan, Country Heights, Jade Hills, TTDI Grove, Tropicana Heights and Prima Paramount. Areas surrounding these townships are accessible via the SILK Expressway.

HistoryEdit

Orang Asli tribes had already established settlements in what is now Kajang as early as the 16th century, however the first recorded settlement was found in 1709 by additional Orang Asli settlers who relocated from the Klang valley.[6] Kajang town in its present form was founded in the 1870s, in the aftermath of the Klang War. In its early days, it was settled by Mandailings and Minangkabau people from Sumatra in the then-Dutch East Indies, followed by Chinese tin miners.[7]

As with other towns in Selangor, Kajang as a modern town owes its rise in particular to tin mines and plantations which were opened around the 1890s. One of the famous coffee estates were Inch Kenneth Estate managed by the Kindersley brothers, who were among the first to plant rubber in the country on a commercial basis.[citation needed]

 
Kajang town in Selangor at night, with Metro Plaza Kajang in the background

During the Japanese invasion, Kajang was bombed on 12 January 1942, a day after the fall of Kuala Lumpur. The bombs, meant for the railway station, missed its target, and hit a nearby church instead.[8]

Kajang was granted municipal status on 1 January 1997. Previously it was under the jurisdiction of the Hulu Langat District Council (Majlis Daerah Hulu Langat, MDHL). Kajang was the administrative centre of the Hulu Langat region until it was relocated to Bandar Baru Bangi in 1992.[9]

DemographicsEdit

Kajang's population of 342,657 is 60.4% Malay, 19.3% Chinese, 9.7% Indians, and 10.6% other ethnic groups.[10]

Kajang's main population centres are Sg. Sekamat, Taman Saujana Impian, Sg. Kantan, Sg. Jelok, Sg. Ramal, Sungai Chua, Jalan Reko, Jalan Bukit, Taman Jenaris, Taman Prima Saujana, Taman Kantan Permai, Taman Kajang Perdana, Taman Sri Ramal, Taman Bukit Mewah, Kajang Prima, Bandar Teknologi Kajang, Hillpark and Bandar Baru Bangi.

LandmarksEdit

 
Kajang Jamek Mosque

The city centre of Kajang is the colonial quarter near the Stadium Kajang MRT station, including the streets of Jalan Mendaling, Jalan Stadium, Jalan Sulaiman and Jalan Raja Haroun. The buildings in the area were constructed around the 1900s to 1930s. [11]The architecture of these shophouses is a combination of traditional Chinese and European designs. The ground floor was used mostly for commercial activities and the upper floor as the family living quarters.

 
Famous mosque in Jalan Reko next to Kajang MRT station

One of Kajang's landmarks is Kajang Stadium which is situated in the heart of the town. The stadium can accommodate up to 5,000 people and is used throughout the year for the community soccer competitions.

Another landmark is the Kajang Jamek Mosque, which is recognisable by its bright yellow facade.

TransportationEdit

CarEdit

Kajang is served by a network of tolled expressways and federal highways.

Highway 1, the premier north–south federal highway of Peninsular Malaysia, runs through downtown Kajang and then southwards until Johor Bahru. On Highway 1, Kajang is 22 km from Kuala Lumpur and 43 km from Seremban.

A stretch of highway 1 is concurrent with the Cheras-Kajang toll road (aka the Grand Saga Expressway) between Taman Connaught and Bukit Dukung. The SILK Expressway starts in Serdang, which then runs through Balakong and then forms a beltway around downtown Kajang before ending near Bandar Baru Bangi. It is the main ring road for Kajang.

PLUS Expressway exit 210 serves the vicinity of Kajang and Bangi.

From Ampang Jaya, one can reach Kajang with state routes B62 and B52.

Public transportEdit

 KB06   KG35  Kajang railway station is the principal rail station of Kajang. It is an interchange station between the 9 MRT Kajang Line, 1 KTM Seremban Line and  ETS  KTM ETS. The station is the southern terminal of the MRT line.

Kajang station, though so named, does not directly serve downtown Kajang; Stadium Kajang MRT is located in the actual downtown area, along with Sungai Jernih MRT.

Food and tourismEdit

 
Dato' Nazir Building (Medan Sate) where Sate Kajang Haji Samuri is situated

Kajang is famous for its sate, a form of skewered barbecued meat. Informally, Kajang is known as the Sate Town.[12]

Government and infrastructureEdit

The Malaysia Prison Complex (Kompleks Penjara Kajang), headquarters of the Prison Department of Malaysia is in Kajang.[13][14]

ShoppingEdit

 
Lotus's Kajang, in Saujana Impian, Kajang

Kajang has multiple shopping complexes. The Billion Shopping Center formerly in Kajang town and now it is relocated to Bandar Teknologi Kajang. Other shopping centres located are Metro Plaza Kajang, Metro Point and Kompleks Kota Kajang. Metro Avenue is a new shopping district located opposite SMJK Yu Hua Kajang and Kajang High School.

Facilities and amenitiesEdit

Hospital Kajang is the primary public hospital in the city.

Private medical centres function 24 hours and include facilities such as Poliklinik MUC @Metro Point, Klinik Mediviron Prima Saujana, Kajang Plaza Medical Centre (KPMC) and KPJ Kajang Specialist Hospital.

The Hulu Langat District Police Headquarters are located in the town centre, across the Highway 1 junction from the Post Office. Federal government agencies with their branch in Kajang include the National Registration Department, Immigration Department, Transportation Department, and Hulu Langat Education Office.

EducationEdit

 
SK Sungai Kantan

PrimaryEdit

  • Al-Amin Sungai Tangkas
  • Rafflesia International School Kajang 2
  • SK Bandar Seri Putra
  • SK Jalan Bukit 1
  • SK Jalan Bukit 2
  • SK Jalan Semenyih 1
  • SK Jalan Semenyih 2
  • SK Kajang
  • SK Kajang Utama
  • SK Kantan Permai
  • SK Leftenan Adnan
  • SK Saujana Impian
  • SK Saujana Impian 2
  • SK Seri Sekamat
  • SK Taman Jasmin
  • SK Taman Sri Jelok
  • SRJK(C) Yu Hua
  • SRJK(C) Yu Hua 2 (under construction)
  • SRJK(C) Sungai Chua
  • SRJK(T) Kajang
  • Tanarata International Schools
  • SK Convent Kajang
  • SK Taman Rakan

SecondaryEdit

  • Rafflesia International School@Kajang 2
  • SMK Convent Kajang
  • SM Integrasi Tahfiz Ilmuwan Bangi
  • SM Rafflesia@Kajang 2
  • SM Teknik Kajang
  • SMAP Kajang
  • SMJK Yu Hua Kajang
  • SMK Jalan Bukit
  • SMK Jalan Reko
  • SMK Kajang Utama
  • SMK Saujana Impian
  • SMK Sultan Abdul Aziz Shah (SAAS)
  • SMK Sungai Ramal (SEMARAK)
  • SMK Taman Jasmin 2
  • SMK Tinggi Kajang (Kajang High School)
  • SMKA Maahad Hamidiah
  • Tanarata International Schools

TertiaryEdit

 
New Era University College

Kajang is home to institutions of higher learning, which includes:

PoliticsEdit

 
The Kajang town Post Office

After the 2018 Malaysian general election, Kajang became part of the Bangi parliamentary constituency in the Dewan Rakyat of the Malaysian Parliament. The seat is held by Ong Kian Ming from PH-DAP.

In the Selangor State Legislative Assembly, Kajang is one of three state seats within the Bangi parliamentary district; the other two are Balakong and Sungai Ramal. The incumbent Assemblyperson for Kajang is Hee Loy Sian from PH-PKR.

Until 9 May 2018, Kajang was part of the Hulu Langat parliamentary constituency in the Dewan Rakyat of the Malaysian Parliament.

In the Selangor State Legislative Assembly, Kajang was one of three state seats within the Hulu Langat parliamentary district; the other two were Semenyih and Dusun Tua.

Notable peopleEdit

 
Kajang Plaza

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "MyCenDash". Retrieved 1 June 2022.
  2. ^ "LATAR BELAKANG PEJABAT DAERAH / TANAH HULU LANGAT". Retrieved 27 April 2022.
  3. ^ "MyCenDash". Retrieved 1 June 2022.
  4. ^ "Kajang kaya warisan sejarah". Berita Harian. Retrieved 27 August 2021.
  5. ^ "Asal usul nama Kajang". Sinar Harian. Archived from the original on 20 November 2017. Retrieved 27 August 2021.
  6. ^ "Info Kajang". Kajang Municipal Council. Retrieved 27 August 2021.
  7. ^ "Kajang bukan sekadar ada sate sedap, tapi punyai sejarah menarik untuk dijelajah". MStar. 21 December 2019. Retrieved 27 August 2021.
  8. ^ "History of Kajang". 15 July 2020. Retrieved 4 April 2021.
  9. ^ "SEJARAH PEJABAT DAERAH / TANAH HULU LANGAT". Retrieved 27 August 2021.
  10. ^ "Population Distribution by Local Authority Areas and Mukims, 2010". Department of Statistics, Malaysia. Archived from the original on 14 November 2014.
  11. ^ Pradhan, Biswajeet (8 May 2017). Spatial Modeling and Assessment of Urban Form: Analysis of Urban Growth: From Sprawl to Compact Using Geospatial Data. Springer. ISBN 978-3-319-54217-1.
  12. ^ "Progression of a satay town - Focus - The Star Online". thestar.com.my. Retrieved 20 November 2016.
  13. ^ "Home." Prison Department of Malaysia. Retrieved on 7 August 2014. "Malaysia Prison Complex, Kajang Selangor." Map.
  14. ^ "IBU PEJABAT PENJARA MALAYSIA." Prison Department of Malaysia. Retrieved on 7 August 2014. "Bukit Wira, Beg Berkunci No. 212, 43000 Kajang, SELANGOR DARUL EHSAN"
  15. ^ Strack-Zimmermann, Benjamin. "Sanbagamaran Kalasigaram". www.national-football-teams.com.
  16. ^ "Will the Era of Greatness Return".
  17. ^ "4 Pemain Bola Sepak Kaum India Yang Pernah Menghiasi Kancah Bola Sepak Malaysia Di Era 2000 – Mensive". 29 October 2016.

External linksEdit