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Kajang (Jawi: كاجڠ; Chinese: 加影; Tamil: காஜாங்) is a town in southeastern Selangor, Malaysia. It is located 20 km southeast of downtown Kuala Lumpur, in the coterminous mukim (commune) of Kajang in the Hulu Langat District.[1]

Kajang
Town
Other transcription(s)
 • Chinese加影
 • Tamilகாஜாங்
 • Jawiكاجڠ
Kajang Town.jpg
Flag of Kajang
Flag
Official seal of Kajang
Seal
Motto(s): 
Kajang Bandar Pilihan untuk Didiami (Kajang Choice City for Living)
Kajang is located in Malaysia
Kajang
Kajang
Location in Malaysia
Coordinates: 2°59′35″N 101°47′20″E / 2.99306°N 101.78889°E / 2.99306; 101.78889Coordinates: 2°59′35″N 101°47′20″E / 2.99306°N 101.78889°E / 2.99306; 101.78889
CountryMalaysia
StateSelangor
Establishment1807
Granted
municipal status
1 January 1997
Government
 • Yang Di-Pertua
(President)
Dato' Hasan Nawawi bin Abd Rahman
Area
 • Town787.61 km2 (304.10 sq mi)
 • Urban
235.71 km2 (91.01 sq mi)
Population
 (2010)
 • Town342,657
 • Density685.06/km2 (1,498.78/sq mi)
 • Metro
539,561 (12th)
Time zoneUTC+8 (MST)
 • Summer (DST)Not observed
Websitehttp://www.mpkj.gov.my

Contents

Geography and developmentEdit

Kajang is about half an hour's drive from Kuala Lumpur's central business district, primarily through Jalan Cheras and the Grand Saga Expressway; both routes are part of the national highway 1 system.

Kajang town is located on the eastern banks of the Langat River. It is surrounded by Cheras, Semenyih, Bangi, Putrajaya and Serdang (clockwise).

In recent years, a few townships were developed in Kajang, such as Taman Prima Saujana, Sungai Chua and Taman Kajang Perdana (Kajang Highlands). High-end developments in Kajang include Twin Palms, Sri Banyan, Country Heights, Jade Hills, TTDI Groove, Tropicana Heights and Prima Paramount.

Areas surrounding these townships are accessible via the SILK Expressway.

Kajang, along with much of Hulu Langat District, is governed by the Kajang Municipal Council.

EtymologyEdit

The name of Kajang has multiple possible origins:

The area is believed to have been explored by the Temuan people since 1580. This tribe named Kajang based on an abundant type of screw pine that is used to make roofs.

A member of Ujong River named Batin Berenggai Besi, built huts on the river bank in the area by using a type of screw pine for building the cascading (Kajang) nailed roof. This convinced him that the place is suitable for settlement.

The meaning of the word 'Kajang' in Mendailingese is 'housed/sheltered'. Meanwhile, in Buginese, it is 'battle or quarrel'. These factions once clashed in one of the hilly areas facing the current railway station, because of the misunderstanding of the word 'Kajang'. The incident occurred when both groups fled to the Langat River from the civil war in Klang, between 1867 and 1873. After the incident, the place was named Kajang.

In another source, Kajang was opened by Toh Lili, who came from Riau in 1776. He was the follower of Sultan Mohamed Shah Ibni Al-Marhum Sultan Ibrahim Shah from Riau. With the Sultan's permission, he and six friends opened the land for paddy cultivation at Bukit Sungai Merbau and opened the Merbau River mine, now known as Kajang.

Raja Alang from the Mandailing tribe migrated to Malaya in the early 1800s with a group of followers. The group sailed into Malaya through Kuala Sungai Langat. After days of sailing, they sheltered or 'berkajang' in an area now called Mandailing Road. Some of the followers of Raja Alang explored the area of Kampung Batu 14. Their place was then named by Alang.

HistoryEdit

The first settlement in Kajang came in 1709. In 1807, Kajang was founded after the Klang War. Because of its central location, it was made the district capital of Hulu Langat.

Kajang as a modern town owes its rise in particular to the coffee estates which were opened up around it in the 1890s. One of the famous coffee estates were Inch Kenneth Estate managed by the Kindersley brothers, who were among the first to plant rubber in the country on a commercial basis. Another was Perang Besar (Great War) Estate, opened by some British ex-servicemen led by Colonel Henry Gough, who was the pioneer of bud-grafting of rubber trees in the country.

DemographicsEdit

Kajang's population of 342,657 is 60.4% Malay, 19.3% Chinese, 9.7% Indians, and 10.6% other ethnic groups.[2]

Kajang's main population centres are Taman Saujana Impian, Sg. Kantan, Sg.Jelok, Sg.Ramal, Sungai Chua, Sg. Sekamat, Bandar Mahkota, Jalan Reko, Jalan Bukit, Taman Prima Saujana, Taman Kantan Permai, Taman Kajang Perdana, Taman Sri Ramal, Taman Kajang Prima, Bandar Teknologi Kajang, Semenyih Town and Berenang.

LandmarksEdit

 
Kajang Mosque

The centre of Kajang is Old Town. Most of the colonial-era buildings were constructed around the 1920s to 1930s.[citation needed] The architecture of these shophouses is a combination of traditional Chinese and European designs. The ground floor was used mostly for commercial activities and the upper floor as the family living quarters.

One of Kajang's landmarks is Kajang Stadium which is situated in the heart of the town.The stadium can accommodate up to 5,000 people and is used throughout the year for the community soccer competitions.

Another landmark is the Kajang Jamek Mosque, which is recognisable by its bright yellow facade.

TransportationEdit

CarEdit

Kajang is served by a network of tolled expressways and federal highways.

Highway 1, the premier north–south federal highway of Peninsular Malaysia, runs through downtown Kajang and then southwards until Johor Bahru. A stretch of highway 1 is concurrent with the Cheras–Kajang Expressway E7 between Cheras Sentral Mall and Taman Koperasi CUEPACS. The Kajang Dispersal Link Expressway E18 starts in Seri Kembangan, which then runs through Balakong and then forms a beltway around downtown Kajang before ending near Bangi. It is the main ring road for Kajang. PLUS Expressway E2 exit 210 serves the vicinity of Kajang and Bangi. From Ampang Jaya, one can reach Kajang with state routes B62 and B52.

Public transportEdit

 KB06   SBK35 Kajang KTM/MRT is the principal rail station. It is an interchange station between the MRT SBK Line and the KTM network. Komuter's Seremban Line and ETS services are available. This station is the southern terminal of the MRT SBKline.

Kajang station, though so named, does not directly serve downtown Kajang; Stadium Kajang MRT is located in the actual downtown area, along with Sungai Jernih MRT.

Food and tourismEdit

 
Dato' Nazir Building (Medan Sate) where Sate Kajang Haji Samuri is situated

Kajang is famous for its sate, a form of skewered barbecued meat. Informally, Kajang is known as the Sate Town.[3]

Government and infrastructureEdit

The Malaysia Prison Complex (Kompleks Penjara Kajang), headquarters of the Prison Department of Malaysia is in Kajang.[4][5]

ShoppingEdit

 
Tesco Kajang is at Saujana Impian area in Kajang

Kajang has multiple shopping complexes. The Billion Shopping Center in Kajang town is located in Bandar Teknologi Kajang. Other shopping centres located are Metro Plaza Kajang, Metro Point and Kompleks Kota Kajang. Metro Avenue is a new shopping district located opposite SMJK Yu Hua Kajang and Kajang High School.

Facilities and amenitiesEdit

 
Kajang Plaza

Public hospitals are free and found within and around Kajang town, including Hospital Kajang, Hospital Serdang and Hospital Putrajaya. Private medical centres function 24 hours and include facilities such as Poliklinik MUC @Metro Point, Klinik Mediviron Prima Saujana, Kajang Plaza Medical Centre (KPMC) and KPJ Kajang Specialist Hospital.

The Hulu Langat District Police Headquarters are located in the town centre. Other services include a post office, government clinics, a stadium, food court and a wet market. Federal government agencies with their branch in Kajang include the National Registration Department, Immigration Department, Transportation Department, and Hulu Langat Education Office.

EducationEdit

PrimaryEdit

 
SK Sungai Kantan
  • Al-Amin Sungai Tangkas
  • Rafflesia International School Kajang 2
  • SK Jalan Bukit 1
  • SK Jalan Bukit 2
  • SK Jalan Semenyih 1
  • SK Jalan Semenyih 2
  • SK Kajang
  • SK Kajang Utama
  • SK Kantan Permai
  • SK Leftenan Adnan
  • SK Saujana Impian
  • SK Saujana Impian 2
  • SK Seri Sekamat
  • SK Taman Jasmin
  • SK Taman Sri Jelok
  • SRJK(C) Yu Hua
  • SRJK(C) Yu Hua 2 (under construction)
  • SRJK(C) Sungai Chua
  • SRJK(T) Kajang
  • Tanarata International Schools

SecondaryEdit

  • Rafflesia International School@Kajang 2
  • SMK Convent Kajang
  • SM Integrasi Tahfiz Ilmuwan Bangi
  • SM Rafflesia@Kajang 2
  • SM Teknik Kajang
  • SMAP Kajang
  • SMJK Yu Hua Kajang
  • SMK Jalan Bukit
  • SMK Jalan Reko
  • SMK Kajang Utama
  • SMK Saujana Impian
  • SMK Sultan Abdul Aziz Shah (SAAS)
  • SMK Sungai Ramal (SEMARAK)
  • SMK Taman Jasmin 2
  • SMK Tinggi Kajang (Kajang High School)
  • SMKA Maahad Hamidiah
  • Tanarata International Schools
 
New Era University College

TertiaryEdit

Kajang is home to institutions of higher learning, which includes:

PoliticsEdit

After the Malaysian general election, in 2018, Kajang became part of the Bangi parliamentary constituency in the Dewan Rakyat of the Malaysian Parliament. The seat is held by Ong Kian Ming from PH-DAP.

In the Selangor State Legislative Assembly, Kajang is one of three state seats within the Bangi parliamentary district; the other two are Balakong and Sungai Ramal. The incumbent Assemblyperson for Kajang is Hee Loy Sian from PH-PKR.

Until 9 May 2018, Kajang was part of the Hulu Langat parliamentary constituency in the Dewan Rakyat of the Malaysian Parliament.

In the Selangor State Legislative Assembly, Kajang was one of three state seats within the Hulu Langat parliamentary district; the other two were Semenyih and Dusun Tua.

PeopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Wolfram-Alpha: Computational Knowledge Engine". wolframalpha.com. Retrieved 20 November 2016.
  2. ^ "Population Distribution by Local Authority Areas and Mukims, 2010". Department of Statistics, Malaysia. Archived from the original on 14 November 2014.
  3. ^ "Progression of a satay town - Focus - The Star Online". thestar.com.my. Retrieved 20 November 2016.
  4. ^ "Home." Prison Department of Malaysia. Retrieved on 7 August 2014. "Malaysia Prison Complex, Kajang Selangor." Map.
  5. ^ "IBU PEJABAT PENJARA MALAYSIA." Prison Department of Malaysia. Retrieved on 7 August 2014. "Bukit Wira, Beg Berkunci No. 212, 43000 Kajang, SELANGOR DARUL EHSAN"
  6. ^ Strack-Zimmermann, Benjamin. "Sanbagamaran Kalasigaram". www.national-football-teams.com.
  7. ^ "Will the Era of Greatness Return".
  8. ^ "4 Pemain Bola Sepak Kaum India Yang Pernah Menghiasi Kancah Bola Sepak Malaysia Di Era 2000 – Mensive". 29 October 2016.
  9. ^ Devi, Vatsala (13 August 2015). "An Interview with Malaysia's Dance Icon, Datuk Ramli Ibrahim".
  10. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 15 April 2018. Retrieved 16 June 2017.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  11. ^ ""I am extremely Melayu" | The Nut Graph". www.thenutgraph.com. Retrieved 22 September 2018.

External linksEdit