Kafr Qara

Kafr Qara (Arabic: كفر قرع‎, Hebrew: כַּפְר קַרִע‎; also spelled Kafr Qari) is an Arab town in Israel 22 miles (35 km) southeast of Haifa. In 2019 its population was 19,018.[1] Kafr Qara holds the highest record for doctors relative to population size in the country, around 14.8 doctors per 1,000 citizens (2007, with more than 50 medicine student back then), Kafr Qara is known as well for recording a high rate of academics and master's degree holders.[3]

Kafr Qara
  • כַּפְר קַרִע
  • كفر قرع
Hebrew transcription(s)
 • ISO 259Kfar Qara
 • Also spelledKfar Qara (official)
Kfar Qari (unofficial)
Kafr Qara P1070763.JPG
Kafr Qara is located in Haifa region of Israel
Kafr Qara
Kafr Qara
Kafr Qara is located in Israel
Kafr Qara
Kafr Qara
Coordinates: 32°30′21″N 35°3′14″E / 32.50583°N 35.05389°E / 32.50583; 35.05389Coordinates: 32°30′21″N 35°3′14″E / 32.50583°N 35.05389°E / 32.50583; 35.05389
Grid position155/212 PAL
Country Israel
District Haifa
Government
 • Head of MunicipalityFiras Badahi
Area
 • Total7,000 dunams (7 km2 or 3 sq mi)
Population
 (2019)[1]
 • Total19,018
 • Density2,700/km2 (7,000/sq mi)
Name meaning"The village of the gourd"[2]

HistoryEdit

An early defter entry noted that Kafr Qara had been incorporated into the “Diwan of the Circassian sultanate” after it had been seized by ‘the Shaykhs of the mountain of Nablus’.[4]

Ottoman eraEdit

Kafr Qara was incorporated into the Ottoman Empire in 1517 with the rest of Palestine, and in the Defter no. 610, which was written soon after 1540, the revenue of Kafr Qara was designated to an endowment in Jerusalem; the Madrasah Al-Uthmaniyya (com). The whole of the revenue of Kafr Qara, a total of 3,400 aspers annually, belonged to this endowment.[5]

In 1859 the population was 450 people, who cultivated 32 feddans of land.[6] In 1883, the PEF's Survey of Western Palestine (SWP) described Kefr Kara as a "good-sized stone village on high ground, with a well to the east, and caves."[6]

A population list from about 1887 showed that Kiryat Kefr Kara had about 705 inhabitants, all Muslim.[7]

British Mandate eraEdit

In the 1922 census of Palestine conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Kufr Qara had a population 776; 767 Muslims and 9 Christians,[8] where the Christians were 7 Roman Catholics and 2 Maronites.[9] The population had increased in the 1931 census to 1,109; 4 Christians and 1,105 Muslims, in 198 houses.[10]

In the 1945 statistics, Kafr Qara had a population of 1,510 Muslims,[11] who owned 14,543 dunams of land.[12] Of this, 227 dunams were for plantations and irrigable land, 11,516 for cereals,[13] while 25 dunams were built-up (urban) land.[14]

Post 1948Edit

Kafr Qara is part of the Triangle. It is located in the Wadi Ara region, northwest of the Green Line. Most of the inhabitants are Muslim. It is governed by a local council. Kafr Qara now has about 7000 dunams of land left, after land was expropriated by the local authorities and Israeli government for public and military use.[15] WAC, an independent labor association, is located in the village.[16]

EducationEdit

In September 2003, a group of local parents founded a bilingual, multicultural elementary school in Kafr Qara, named Hand in Hand – Bridge over the Wadi, or "Bridge over the Wadi". Kafr Qara high school, established in 1970 as a vocational school, is now a comprehensive high school for 10th–12th graders from Kafr Qara and environs. The school has participated in multicultural projects such as Jitli, and offers a joint leadership program for Arab and Jewish teenagers.[15]

Kafr Qara holds the highest record for doctors relative to population size in the country, around 14.8 doctors per 1,000 citizens(2007, with more than 50 medicine student back then), Kafr Qara known as well for recording a high rate of academics and master's degree holders.[17]

Notable residentsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Population in the Localities 2019" (XLS). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 16 August 2020.
  2. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 147
  3. ^ Is there a doctor in the house?
  4. ^ Sijill 2, no. 559 in 938/1532; cited in Burgoyne, 1987, p. 546
  5. ^ Ma'ahid, 181; cited in Burgoyne, 1987, pp. 545−546
  6. ^ a b Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 42
  7. ^ Schumacher, 1888, p. 180
  8. ^ Barron, 1923, Table XI, Sub-district of Haifa, p. 34
  9. ^ Barron, 1923, Table XI, Sub-district of Haifa, p. 49
  10. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 94
  11. ^ Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 14
  12. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 48
  13. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 90
  14. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 140
  15. ^ a b "Arab minority in Israel" (PDF). Retrieved 2011-11-25.
  16. ^ Stern, Yoav (2011-04-17). "Kfar Qara group to protest lack of work caused by import of foreign labor - Haaretz Daily Newspaper | Israel News". Haaretz.com. Retrieved 2011-11-25.
  17. ^ [1]

BibliographyEdit

External linksEdit