Kadašman-Buriaš, meaning “my trust is in the (Kassite storm-god) Buriaš,” was the governor of the Babylonian province of Dūr-Kurigalzu possibly late in the reign of Marduk-šāpik-zēri, who ruled ca. 1082–1069 BC. He was reportedly captured and deported during a campaign conducted by the Assyrian king Aššur-bel-kala during 1070 B.C.
Although he bore a Kassite name, which features on a Kassite-Babylonian name list, his father was Itti-Marduk-balāṭu, inscribed KI-˹dAMAR˺.[UTU]-˹TI˺.LA, an individual with a rather common Babylonian moniker. The only current extant source attesting to him is the “Broken Obelisk” which is usually attributed to Aššur-bel-kala, which describes his campaign during the eponym year of Aššur-rā’im-nišēšu, thought to be in his fourth year. It recalls: “In the same year (ina šattimma šiāti), in the month Šebat, the chariots and … went from Inner City (of Assur) and conquered the cities …-indišulu and …-sandu, cities which are in the district Dūr-Kurigalzu.”
Adad-apla-iddina, as the king who was subsequently installed by Aššur-bel-kala, also has his father given as Itti-Marduk-balāṭu in the Eclectic Chronicle, leaving the intriguing possibility that he was a brother of the former governor. Some of the late 19th and early 20th century scholarly works erroneously give Kadašman-Buriaš as the name of the Kassite king Kadašman-Enlil II.
- J. A. Brinkman (1999). "Kadašman-Buriaš". In Erich Ebeling; Bruno Meissner (eds.). Reallexikon der Assyriologie und Vorderasiatischen Archäologie, Volume 5: Ia - Kizzuwatna. Walter de Gruyter. pp. 284–285.
- 5 R 4 IV 9.
- The Broken Obelisk BM 118898, iii 4–7.
- D. J. Wiseman (1975). "Assyria and Babylonia, c. 1200–1000 BC". In I. E. S. Edwards; C. J. Gadd; N. G. L. Hammond; S. Solberger (eds.). The Cambridge Ancient History, Volume 2, Part 2. Cambridge University Press. p. 467.
- A. K. Grayson (1976). Assyrian royal inscriptions, Volume 2. O. Harrassowitz. p. 53. No. 238.
- The Eclectic Chronicle (ABC 24) tablet, BM 27859, lines 8 to 11.
- J. A. Brinkman (1968). A political history of post-Kassite Babylonia, 1158-722 B.C. (AnOr 43). Pontificium Institutum Biblicum. p. 143.