The Kachhwaha (also spelled as Kachwaha and Kachhawaha) is a Rajput clan in India.[1][2] Some families within the caste did rule a number of kingdoms and princely states, such as Jaipur, Alwar and Maihar.

The Pachrang flag of the former Jaipur state. Prior to the adoption of the Pachrang (five coloured) flag by Raja Man Singh I of Amber, the original flag of the Kachwahas was known as the "Jharshahi (tree-marked) flag".


According to Cynthia Talbot, the meaning of word Kachhwaha is tortoise.[3]


There are many theories on the origin of the Kachhwahas. Pt. Jhabarmal Sharma says that the ancestors of the Kachwahas defeated the Kachappas and assumed the title of "Kachapaghat" (destroyer of the Kachapas).[citation needed] Dr. M.L. Sharma agrees to this theory and says that the Kachwahas were called Kachapaghat for 300 years.[citation needed]

According to Rima Hooja, the Kachhwaha word became popular in the late 16th century during the reign of Raja Man Singh. There are many incriptions and manuscripts which prove this theory, like the ones found in Balvan, Chatsu, Sanganer and Rewasa.[4] Kachwaha generally claim descent from Kusha, a son of the mythological avatar of Vishnu, Rama.

Another view–point is that the Kachhawahas claim descent from Vishnu's turtle avatar.[5]


Kachhwaha established their kingdom in Dhundhar region of modern Rajasthan in 11th century. One Kachhwaha King Dulha Rai conquered most of the dhundhar area from Bargurjars. His descendant Raja Pajvan helped Prithviraj Chauhan on his conquest. Kachhwaha Kimg Prithviraj fought alongwith Rana Sanga at battle of Khanwa.[6]

Notable people




  1. ^ Textbook of Indian History and Culture, By Sailendra Nath Sen pg.167 [1]
  2. ^ The Rajput Palaces: The Development of an Architectural Style, 1450-1750 pg.88 — "the Kachwaha Rajputs ( who had previously ruled in Gwalior ) established themselves in an adjacent region , founding Dhundar as their capital in 967 AD ISBN 9780195647303."[2]
  3. ^ Talbot, Cynthia (2015). "Imagining the Rajput Past in Mughal–era Mewar". The Last Hindu Emperor: Prithviraj Cauhan and the Indian Past, 1200–2000 (illustrated ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 146–182. doi:10.1017/CBO9781316339893.006. This is a reference to Pajjun's family name, Kachhwaha, which means tortoise
  4. ^ History of Rajasthan by Rima Hooja Section:The Kachwahas of Dhoondhar pg.2 ISBN 9788129108906
  5. ^ Kapur, Nandini Sinha (2007). "Minas Seeking a Place in History". In Bel, Bernard; Brouwer, Jan; Das, Biswajit; Parthasarathi, Vibodh; Poitevin, Guy (eds.). The Social and the Symbolic: Volume II. Sage. p. 139. ISBN 978-8132101178. The Kachhawahas claim origin from the Kurma (tortoise) avatar of Vishnu (Bhatnagar 1974: 1–4).
  6. ^ Sarkar, Jadunath (1994). A History of Jaipur: C. 1503-1938. Orient Blackswan. pp. 20–33. ISBN 978-81-250-0333-5.

Further reading

  • Bayley C. (1894) Chiefs and Leading Families In Rajputana
  • Henige, David (2004). Princely states of India;A guide to chronology and rulers
  • Jyoti J. (2001) Royal Jaipur
  • Krishnadatta Kavi, Gopalnarayan Bahura(editor) (1983) Pratapa Prakasa, a contemporary account of life in the court at Jaipur in the late 18th century
  • Khangarot, R.S., and P.S. Nathawat (1990). Jaigarh- The invincible Fort of Amber
  • Topsfield, A. (1994). Indian paintings from Oxford collections
  • Tillotson, G. (2006). Jaipur Nama, Penguin books