Kaalam Maari Pochu (1956 film)

Kaalam Maari Pochu (transl. The times have changed) is a 1956 Indian Tamil-language film released in 1956 starring Gemini Ganesan and Anjali Devi. It is a remake of the Telugu film Rojulu Marayi.[1][2]

Kaalam Maari Pochu
Kaalam Maari Pochu 1956 poster.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed byT. P. Chanakya
Screenplay byMuhavai Rajamanickam
Story byK. L. Narayana
Produced byC. V. R. Prasath
StarringGemini Ganesan
Anjali Devi
CinematographyKamal Ghosh
Edited bySanjeevi
Music byMaster Venu
Sarathi Films
Distributed byA.V.M. Ltd. Madras
Release date
  • 4 May 1956 (1956-05-04)


The film was originally produced in Telugu with the title Rojulu Marayi by C. V. R. Prasath and directed by Tapi Chanakya. The Tamil film was produced with entirely new cast. Dialogues and songs were written originally for the Tamil version. The dialogues were written by Muhavai Rajamanickam who was a freedom fighter and (at that time) was the leader of the then united Communist Party of India. He was also a famous writer in Tamil Language. The film was shot entirely on rural locations with real-life farmers partaking.[3]


The story focuses social and economic issues faced by farmers in rural areas and intertwined with a love story. A money lender in the village surreptitiously grabs the lands of poor farmers after lending them money. The un-educated poor farmers lose their lands due to ignorance. Later, the son of a poor farmer, who is educated, bares the truth about the money lender and in the presence of the District Collector gives back the lands to the owners.

The dialogues and songs are written in such a way to promote social justice and equality.



Music was composed by Master Venu and Lyrics by Muhavai Rajamanickam. Playback singers are M. L. Vasanthakumari, Jikki, K. Rani, Thiruchi Loganathan, T.M. Soundararajan and S. C. Krishnan.

Almost all the songs in the film were a hit. The song "Kallam kabadam theriyadhavane" sung by Jikki and group with Waheeda Rahman's dance was so popular that the tune was copied into some later films.

No. Song Singers Raga Length (m:ss)
1 "Ennamadhellam Neeye" M. L. Vasanthakumari Kamboji 02:38
2 "Kallam kabadam Theriyadhavane" Jikki 05:18
3 "Maariye Kelamma" Thiruchi Loganathan, S. C. Krishnan, K. Rani & group 04:19
4 "Inithaai Naame" Thiruchi Loganathan & Jikki Mohanam 03:01
5 "Vanganne Povome" Thiruchi Loganathan & group Suddha Saveri 03:22
6 "Punnagai Thanai Veesi" Thiruchi Loganathan, Jikki & K. Rani 04:28
7 "Vandi Pogudhu" T. M. Soundararajan 03:40
8 "Idar Pattu" Thiruchi Loganathan & group 00:59
9 "Poliyo Poli" Thiruchi Loganathan & Group 05:19
10 "Aduvoma Koodi Kulavi" Jikki 03:02


The song "kallam kabadam theriyadhavane (Yaeru pooti povaaye)" became very popular. Those days, the songs were recorded for gramophone records and released well before the films are released. Accordingly, this song also was released early. There was another film "Madurai Veeran"" released one month before the release of Kaalam Maari Pochu. In Madurai Veeran, there is a song "Summa irundha sothukku kastam" that had the same tune as "Yaeru pooti povaye" song. A. V. Meiyappan was the distributor of Kaalam Maari Pochu. He thought the Madurai Veeran song will jeopardize the success of his film. He went as far as advertising "Dont be misled by the so-called 'Veerans' of the films!".[4] Then he filed a case against the producer of Madurai Veeran, Lena Chettiar that he has stolen the tune of his film song. A well renowned lawyer named V. L. Ethiraj appeared for Lena Chettiar. The Judge observed that the tune of the songs are based on folklore music and no one can claim a right of ownership to such folklore music. The case was dismissed.[5]

Box officeEdit

Like the Telugu film, this Tamil film also was a hit at the box office.


  1. ^ a b Cine Profiles 1956
  2. ^ Narasimham, M. L. (31 July 2014). "Rojulu Maaraayi (1955)". The Hindu.
  3. ^ Ragas in Tamil Cine Songs (in Tamil
  4. ^ "The Indian Express - Google News Archive Search".
  5. ^ Dinamalar திண்ணை!

External linksEdit