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Kınık (Qinik) was an Oghuz Turkic tribe.

Contents

Oghuz tribesEdit

Oghuz Turks are a branch of Turkic peoples. During the early Medieval ages most of them were nomads and their political structure was tribal. There were 22 or 24 Oghuz tribes. The tribes were listed in a number of medieval books. They were also mentioned in Oghuz legend . According to mythology there were 24 tribes in two main groups. Each group was repsented by three brothers and each brother was supposed to have four sons. In this classification Kınık tribe is the descendant of Deniz Khan who in turn was in the group of Üçok.[1]

In the 11th century Dīwānu l-Luġat al-Turk by Mahmud of Kashgar Kınık was the first in the list. But in the list prepared by Rashid-al-Din Hamadani in the 13th century Kınık is the last one.[2]

Kınık and the SeljuksEdit

Kınık is historically notable because the Seljuk Empire was founded by Kınık tribe.[2] In 10th century the tribe leader was Dukak (nicknamed “Demiryaylı”, en: “with iron bow”) . He was followed by Seljuk and then Arslan Yabgu. The Seljuk Empire was founded by Arslan’s nephew Tughril and his brother Chagri . The Seljuks of Anatolia, a branch of Seljuks, was founded by Süleyman Shah, Arslan Yabgu’s grandson.

In AnatoliaEdit

Most of the tribe migrated to Anatolia (Asiatic Turkey) during the Seljuk Empire and during the Mongol Invasion in the 13th century. In the Ottoman Empire official records of the 16th century, there were 81 settlements named Kınık.[2] Although they were largely absorbed in the other Oghuz tribes, there are still many settlements which bear the name Kınık. For example, in İzmir Province, Kınık is the name of one of the district (ilçe) centers. There are also many villages. The following incomplete list is an example

In Afyon Province
In Ankara Province
In Antalya Province
In Bilecik Province

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "OĞUZLARIN BOY TEŞKİLATI | Turkmen page by Faruk Sümer". turkmensitesi.com. Retrieved 2016-03-21.
  2. ^ a b c "İslâm Ansiklopedisi | Islamic Encyclopaedia Vol 25 p.417-418". islamansiklopedisi.info. Retrieved 2016-03-21.