Küstriner Vorland

Küstriner Vorland (literally "Küstrin's foreland") is a municipality in the district Märkisch-Oderland, in Brandenburg, Germany at the border with Poland.

Küstriner Vorland
Fort Gorgast
Fort Gorgast
Coat of arms of Küstriner Vorland
Location of Küstriner Vorland within Märkisch-Oderland district
Küstriner Vorland in MOL.png
Küstriner Vorland is located in Germany
Küstriner Vorland
Küstriner Vorland
Küstriner Vorland is located in Brandenburg
Küstriner Vorland
Küstriner Vorland
Coordinates: 52°34′06″N 14°36′35″E / 52.56833°N 14.60972°E / 52.56833; 14.60972Coordinates: 52°34′06″N 14°36′35″E / 52.56833°N 14.60972°E / 52.56833; 14.60972
CountryGermany
StateBrandenburg
DistrictMärkisch-Oderland
Municipal assoc.Amt Golzow
Subdivisions3 Ortsteile
Government
 • Mayor (2019–24) Werner Finger[1]
Area
 • Total45.97 km2 (17.75 sq mi)
Elevation
10 m (30 ft)
Population
 (2020-12-31)[2]
 • Total2,573
 • Density56/km2 (140/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
15328
Dialling codes033472
Vehicle registrationMOL
Websitewww.kuestriner-vorland.de

HistoryEdit

It was established on January 1, 1998 by the merger of Küstrin-Kietz with the villages of Gorgast and Manschnow. Küstriner Vorland is part of the Amt ("collective municipality") Golzow.

The settlement of Küstrin-Kietz formed the western part of Küstrin which is now Polish Kostrzyn nad Odrą, until it was cut off by the implementation of the Oder-Neisse line in 1945. The town's quarters west of the Oder River then belonged to East Germany and were renamed Kietz in 1954. In a 1991 vote the inhabitants chose to readopt the historic denotation.

The incorporated village of Gorgast, once a commandry of the Order of Saint John, features a historic fort finished in 1889 in addition to the Küstrin fortification system and a park laid out according to plans by Peter Joseph Lenné.

PoliticsEdit

Seats in the municipal assembly (Gemeinderat) as of 2008 elections:

TransportEdit

The border crossing at Küstrin-Kietz is the eastern terminus of the Bundesstraße 1 federal highway from Aachen via Berlin. It is continued by the Polish national road No. 22 to Gorzów Wielkopolski and Elbląg.

Küstrin-Kietz as well as Gorgast also have access to local trains running on the former Prussian Eastern Railway from Berlin-Lichtenberg to Küstrin (Kostrzyn nad Odrą).

DemographyEdit

 
Development of population since 1875 within the current boundaries (Blue line: Population; Dotted line: Comparison to population development of Brandenburg state; Grey background: Time of Nazi rule; Red background: Time of communist rule)
Küstriner Vorland: Population development
within the current boundaries (2013)[3]
YearPop.±% p.a.
1875 3,973—    
1890 3,612−0.63%
1910 2,985−0.95%
1925 3,464+1.00%
1933 3,428−0.13%
1939 3,575+0.70%
1946 3,761+0.73%
1950 4,293+3.36%
1964 3,913−0.66%
1971 3,936+0.08%
1981 3,682−0.66%
1985 3,658−0.16%
1989 3,656−0.01%
1990 3,630−0.71%
1991 3,520−3.03%
1992 3,481−1.11%
1993 3,447−0.98%
1994 3,425−0.64%
1995 3,397−0.82%
1996 3,357−1.18%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1997 3,390+0.98%
1998 3,347−1.27%
1999 3,328−0.57%
2000 3,303−0.75%
2001 3,225−2.36%
2002 3,160−2.02%
2003 3,096−2.03%
2004 3,022−2.39%
2005 2,992−0.99%
2006 2,977−0.50%
2007 2,905−2.42%
2008 2,873−1.10%
2009 2,848−0.87%
2010 2,754−3.30%
2011 2,640−4.14%
2012 2,606−1.29%
2013 2,598−0.31%
2014 2,606+0.31%
2015 2,605−0.04%
2016 2,546−2.26%

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Landkreis Märkisch-Oderland Wahl der Bürgermeisterin / des Bürgermeisters, accessed 1 July 2021.
  2. ^ "Bevölkerung im Land Brandenburg nach amtsfreien Gemeinden, Ämtern und Gemeinden 31. Dezember 2020". Amt für Statistik Berlin-Brandenburg (in German). June 2021.
  3. ^ Detailed data sources are to be found in the Wikimedia Commons.Population Projection Brandenburg at Wikimedia Commons

External linksEdit

  Media related to Küstriner Vorland at Wikimedia Commons