Juvenile Stakes (United States)

The Juvenile Stakes was a Thoroughbred horse race run for 109 years between 1874 and 1984. First run on June 13, 1874, it was an important part of Jerome Park's "Spring Meeting." The race was designed to show which were the top two-year-olds at that point in the calendar.[1]

Juvenile Stakes
Discontinued stakes race
LocationBelmont Park
Elmont, New York,
United States
Inaugurated1874-1984
Race typeThoroughbred - Flat racing
Race information
Distance5.5 furlongs (0.69 mi)
SurfaceDirt
Trackleft-handed
QualificationTwo years-old

Historical notesEdit

The Juvenile Stakes was run at four different tracks:
Jerome Park Racetrack (1874-1888)
Morris Park Racecourse (1889-1904)
Belmont Park (1905-1959, 1968-1973, 1975, 1977-1984)
Aqueduct Racetrack (1960-1967, 1974, 1976)

A field of fifteen competed in the inaugural edition won by Meco, a colt owned and trained by South Carolina native Thomas Puryear.[2]

In 1888, French Park and Fides finished in a Dead heat for first. It would remain as the only such occurrence in the 109 runnings of the event.[3]

With the implementation of the Graded Stakes system in 1973, for that first year and again in 1974 the Juvenile Stakes was given Grade 3 status.

Selected notable winnersEdit

The 1886 running of the Juvenile Stakes was won by Tremont who would finish the year, and career, the undefeated winner of all his thirteen starts.

Broomstick won the 1903 edition of the Juvenile and continued with a stellar career in racing. At stud, he was the Leading sire in North America three times and would be inducted into U.S. Racing Hall of Fame.

In 1919, the filly Bonnie Mary won the Juvenile in which she beat twelve male and three female competitors including the very good runner-up On Watch, a colt owned by George W. Loft and trained by U.S. Racing Hall of Fame inductee Max Hirsch. The third-place finisher was Upset, the only horse to ever defeat the legendary Man o' War.[4]

Following a win in his career debut at Florida's Hialeah Park, on May 4, 1963 Raise a Native made his second start at New York's Aqueduct Racetrack. The colt, owned by Louis Wolfson and trained by Burley Parke, was ridden by future Hall of Fame jockey Bobby Ussery in an Allowance race for two-year-olds. In what the New York Times described as a breathtaking performance, Raise a Native won by eight lengths while setting a new Aqueduct track record of 57 4/5 for five furlongs on dirt.[5] On May 31st, Raise a Native equaled his own track record in winning Aqueduct's Juvenile Stakes. The colt would go on to be named that year's American Champion Two-Year-Old Male Horse.[6]

Four winners of the Juvenile Stakes went on to earn American Horse of the Year honors as well as a place in the U.S. Racing Hall of Fame:
Blue Larkspur (1928)
Equipoise (1930)
Nashua (1954)
Bold Ruler (1956)

RecordsEdit

Speed record:

  • 0:47.25 @ 4 furlongs - Osric (1891)
  • 0:53.80 @ 5 furlongs - Bally Ache (1959)
  • 1:03.40 @ 5.5 furlongs - Tilt Up (1977)

Most wins by a jockey:

Most wins by a trainer:

Most wins by an owner:

WinnersEdit

Year
Winner
Age
Jockey
Trainer
Owner
Dist.
(Furlongs)
Time
Win$
1984 Sky Command 2 Garth Patterson James A. Padgett Warren Kemper 5.5 F 1:05.60 $44,640
1983 Fight Over 2 Don MacBeth John Parisella Bwamazon Farm 5.5 F 1:05.60 $33,840
1982 Victorious 2 Angel Cordero Jr. Eugene Jacobs Herbert A. Allen Sr. 5.5 F 1:05.60 $32,940
1981 Center Cut 2 Gene St. Leon Al W. Hinson Charles Neal 5.5 F 1:04.00 $33,240
1980 Lord Avie 2 Jerry D. Bailey Daniel Perlsweig S.K.S. Stable (Michael Kay et al.) 5.5 F 1:04.60 $32,280
1979 Muckraker 2 Ruben Hernandez Roger Laurin Leone J. Peters 5.5 F 1:04.00 $24,765
1978 Tim The Tiger 2 Jeffrey Fell John M. Veitch Calumet Farm 5.5 F 1:03.80 $21,000
1977 Tilt Up 2 Jacinto Vasquez LeRoy Jolley Bertram R. Firestone 5.5 F 1:03.40 $21,900
1976 To The Quick 2 Eddie Maple Anthony L. Basile Bwamazon Farm 5.5 F 1:04.80 $22,155
1975 Turn To Turia 2 Angel Cordero Jr. Reggie Cornell Calumet Farm 5.5 F 1:03.60 $16,440
1974 Knightly Sport 2 Jacinto Vasquez John M. Gaver Sr. Greentree Stable 5.5 F 1:04.40 $17,790
1973 Who Duzzit 2 Chuck Baltazar Reggie Cornell Mrs. Moody Jolley 5.5 F 1:05.00 $16,185
1972 Linda's Chief 2 Braulio Baeza Alfred A. Scotti Neil Hellman 5.5 F 1:03.80 $16,440
1971 Plum Bold 2 Eddie Maple Reggie Cornell Calumet Farm 5.5 F 1:04.20 $23,850
1970 Helio Rise 2 Chuck Baltazar David Erb Roger W. & R. T. Wilson Jr. 5.5 F 1:05.80 $23,667
1969 Prize Silver 2 Manuel Ycaza Ivor G. Balding Cornelius Vanderbilt Whitney 5.5 F 1:05.40 $22,928
1968 Cicada's Pride 2 Braulio Baeza Casey Hayes Meadow Stable 5.5 F 1:06.00 $22,213
1967 Kaskaskia 2 Bill Shoemaker Del W. Carroll William S. Farish III 5 F 0:58.00 $24,748
1966 Native Prince 2 Ray Broussard Raymond Metcalf Edward R. Scharps 5 F 0:58.20 $24,765
1965 Our Michael 2 Johnny Sellers Jimmy Pitt Edgehill Farm (Leonard & Morris Fruchtman) 5 F 0:58.20 $23,806
1964 Golden Joey 2 Bobby Ussery Buddy Jacobson Marion R. Frankel 5 F 0:59.00 $23,010
1963 Raise a Native 2 John L. Rotz Burley Parke Louis Wolfson 5 F 0:57.80 $23,010
1962 Catullus 2 Braulio Baeza John Gaver Sr. Greentree Stable 5 F 0:58.40 $24,001
1961 Sunrise County 2 Bobby Ussery Tommy Kelly Townsend B. Martin 5 F 0:59.40 $24,488
1960 Iron Rail 2 Herb Hinojosa Stanley M. Rieser Donald G. Ford Sr. 5 F 0:58.00 $24,082
1959 Bally Ache 2 Sam Boulmetis Sr. Jimmy Pitt Edgehill Farm (Leonard & Morris Fruchtman) 5 F 0:53.80 $22,657
1958 First Landing 2 Eddie Arcaro Casey Hayes Meadow Stable 5 F 0:57.00 $22,360
1957 Li'l Fella 2 Bill Hartack Sidney Jacobs Jaclyn Stable (William S. Paley & Leon Levy) 5 F 0:56.60 $23,575
1956 Bold Ruler 2 Eddie Arcaro James E. Fitzsimmons Wheatley Stable 5 F 0:56.00 $21,700
1955 Polly's Jet 2 Eddie Arcaro Russell M. Downes Barclay Stable 5 F 0:56.80 $14,725
1954 Nashua 2 Eddie Arcaro James E. Fitzsimmons Belair Stud 5 F 0:58.00 $12,150
1953 Catspaw 2 Eddie Arcaro Sylvester Veitch Cornelius Vanderbilt Whitney 5 F 0:57.20 $11,750
1952 Fort Salonga 2 Sam Boulmetis Sr. E. W. King Samuel P. Steckler 5 F 0:58.40 $13,075
1951 Primate 2 Ted Atkinson James R. Hastie Starmount Stable (Edward & Blanche Benjamin) 5 F 0:57.20 $11,550
1950 Liberty Rab 2 Patterson Milligan Harris B. Brown Lillian B. Christopher 5 F 0:57.20 $11,800
1949 Ferd 2 Basil James Andy Schuttinger Mary E. Schuttinger 5 F 0:57.80 $11,125
1948 Marabout 2 Hedley Woodhouse Bert Mulholland George D. Widener Jr. 5 F 0:59.20 $10,275
1947 My Request 2 Ronnie Nash Jimmy Conway Ben F. Whitaker 5 F 0:57.60 $12,100
1946 Eternal War 2 Eddie Arcaro Frank Catrone Allen T. Simmons 5 F 0:57.60 $11,215
1945 They Say 2 John Adams Tom Smith Maine Chance Farm 5 F 0:59.40 $4,860
1944 Flood Town 2 Warren Mehrtens Max Hirsch Edward J. Lasker 5 F 0:57.80 $9120
1943 Lucky Draw 2 Conn McCreary Bert Mulholland George D. Widener Jr. 5 F 0:59.00 $7,925
1942 Suncap 2 Don Meade Richard E. Handlen Foxcatcher Farm 5 F 0:59.20 $9,400
1941 Sun Again 2 Wendell Eads Ben A. Jones Calumet Farm 5 F 0:58.20 $8,175
1940 High Breeze 2 Basil James Anthony Pelleteri Millsdale Stable (Anthony Pelleteri & Melvin Emerich) 5 F 0:57.00 $5,975
1939 Cockerel 2 Eddie Arcaro Hugh Dufford Alvin Untermyer 5 F 0:57.80 $4,775
1938 Maeline 2 John Gilbert George E. Phillips Maemere Farm Stable (DeWitt Page) 5 F 0:57.60 $5,900
1937 Perpetuate 2 James Stout George M. Odom Robert L. Gerry Sr. 5 F 0:57.80 $6,665
1936 Scintillator 2 Harry Richards Hugh Dufford Alvin Untermyer 5 F 1:00.80 $6,500
1935 Maeriel 2 Eddie Litzenberger George E. Phillips Maemere Farm Stable (DeWitt Page) 5 F 0:58.20 $7,255
1934 Plat Eye 2 Silvio Coucci William Brennan Greentree Stable 5 F 0:59.00 $5,710
1933 Black Buddy 2 Silvio Coucci William Brennan Greentree Stable 5 F 0:59.80 $5,680
1932 Happy Gal 2 Earl Steffen James E. Fitzsimmons Belair Stud Stable 5 F 0:57.00 $12,800
1931 Irene's Bob 2 Linus McAtee James W. Healy James Edward Gaffney 5 F 0:59.00 $14,500
1930 Equipoise 2 Raymond Workman Fred Hopkins Harry Payne Whitney 5 F 0:59.00 $15,400
1929 Black Majesty 2 Virgil Peterson Bennet W. Creech William Robertson Coe 5 F 0:59.80 $17,250
1928 Blue Larkspur 2 Edgar Barnes Herbert J. Thompson Edward R. Bradley 5 F 0:59.60 $17,750
1927 Dice 2 Danny McAuliffe James E. Fitzsimmons Wheatley Stable 5 F 1:01.00 $15,700
1926 Draconis 2 John Maiben Henry McDaniel Gifford A. Cochran 4.5 F 0:53.00 $16,150
1925 Galetian 2 Tommy McTaggart A. Jack Joyner George D. Widener Jr. 5 F 0:57.40 $14,250
1924 Arcady 2 Linus McAtee James G. Rowe, Sr. Harry Payne Whitney 5 F 1:01.80 $11,000
1923 Peter King 2 Clarence Turner Fred Taral Riviera Stable (Victor Vivadou) 5 F 0:58.20 $13,250
1922 McKee 2 Laverne Fator Frank M. Taylor John E. Madden 5 F 0:57.60 $13,200
1921 Column 2 Clarence Kummer Joe Notter Morton L. Schwartz 5 F 0:57.80 $13,800
1920 Tryster 2 Eddie Ambrose James G. Rowe Sr. Harry Payne Whitney 5 F 0:58.60 $5,850
1919 Bonnie Mary 2 Lavelle Ensor William Hogan Phillip A. Clark 5 F 0:59.40 $5,850
1918 Elfin Queen 2 Andy Schuttinger William H. Karrick Oneck Stable 5 F 0:58.60 $7,100
1917 Lucullite 2 James Butwell Sam Hildreth August Belmont Jr. 5 F 0:59.00 $6,050
1916 Hourless 2 Everett Haynes Sam Hildreth August Belmont Jr. 5 F 0:59.20 $3,900
1915 Lena Misha 2 Merritt C. Buxton Frank Toner Beverwyck Stable (Frank J. Nolan) 5 F 0:59.00 $2,325
1914 Hauberk 2 Merritt C. Buxton H. I. Marshall James L. Holland 5 F 1:00.40 $3,020
1913 Punch Bowl 2 James Butwell Edward W. Heffner E. F. Cooney 5 F 0:59.60 $2,395
1912 No races held due to the Hart–Agnew Law.
1911
1910 Seth 2 Joe Notter Thomas Welsh Newcastle Stable 5 F 1:02.00 $2,400
1909 Waldo 2 Walter Miller Raleigh Colston Jr. Charles L. Harrison 5 F 0:59.00 $1,925
1908 Joe Madden 2 Guy Garner John E. Madden John E. Madden 5 F 1:01.00 $5,495
1907 Smoker 2 Herman Radtke John E. Madden Francis R. Hitchcock 5 F 1:04.40 $3,720
1906 De Mund 2 Jack Martin John W. May Paul J. Rainey 5 F 0:59.80 $3,780
1905 First Water 2 Frank O'Neill Fred Burlew Newton Bennington 5 F 0:59.40 $3,700
1904 Song and Wine 2 Arthur Redfern Fred Burlew Newton Bennington 5 F 0:57.75 $3,570
1903 Broomstick 2 George M. Odom Peter Wimmer Samuel S. Brown 5 F 0:59.00 $4,860
1902 Mizzen 2 John Bullman John J. Hyland August Belmont Jr. 5 F 1:00.50 $6,540
1901 Blue Girl 2 Tommy Burns John E. Madden William C. Whitney 5 F 0:59.00 $4.935
1900 Tommy Atkins 2 Henry Spencer James G. Rowe Sr. James R. & Foxhall P. Keene 5 F 0:59.75 $5,900
1899 Doublet 2 Henry Spencer Frank E. Brown James R. & Foxhall P. Keene 5 F 1:01.50 $5,410
1898 Glenheim 2 Willie Simms John E. Madden John E. Madden 5 F 1:01.75 $6,050
1897 Firearm 2 Samuel Doggett John J. Hyland August Belmont Jr. 5 F 1:00.00 $4,275
1896 Casseopia 2 Fred Littlefield R. Wyndham Walden Alfred H. & Dave H. Morris 5 F 1:00.00 $3,150
1895 Race not held
1894 Prince of Monaco 2 Willie Simms Robert Tucker C. Fleischmann & Sons 5 F 1:00.50 $6,035
1893 Senella 2 Lilly Robert Tucker C. Fleischmann & Sons 5 F 1:02.00 $6,750
1892 Dr. Rice 2 William J. Fitzpatrick John J. Hyland David Gideon & John Daly 5 F 1:00.00 $5,510
1891 Osric 2 Fred Taral John Campbell Alfred F. Walcott & John S. Campbell 4 F 0:47.25 $8,260
1890 St. Charles 2 Anthony Hamilton James G. Rowe Sr. August Belmont Sr. 4 F 0:48.25 $2,875
1889 Druidess 2 Johnny Reagan R. Wyndham Walden John A. & Alfred H. Morris 4 F 0:49.25 $1,375
1888 French Park (DH) 2 William J. Fitzpatrick Andrew Thompson J. D. Morrissey 4 F 0:51.00 $1,375
1888 Fides (DH) 2 P. Godfrey James G. Rowe Sr. August Belmont Sr. 4 F 0:51.00 $1,375
1887 King Fish 2 Jim McLaughlin Frank McCabe Dwyer Brothers Stable 4 F 0:51.50 $2,425
1886 Tremont 2 Jim McLaughlin Frank McCabe Dwyer Brothers Stable 4 F 0:00.00 $2,400
1885 Portland 2 Jim McLaughlin James G. Rowe Sr. Dwyer Brothers Stable 4 F 0:50.00 $1,850
1884 Triton 2 Brennan R. Wyndham Walden George L. Lorillard 4 F 0:49.75 $1,650
1883 Reveller 2 L. Urall R. Wyndham Walden George L. Lorillard 4 F 0:50.00 $1,300
1882 Henlopen 2 J. Brophy Charles Reed 4 F 0:50.00 $2,225
1881 Onondaga 2 Jim McLaughlin James G. Rowe Sr. Dwyer Brothers Stable 4 F 0:50.50 $1,800
1880 Spinaway 2 Lloyd Hughes R. Wyndham Walden George L. Lorillard 4 F 0:49.75 $2,200
1879 Sensation 2 Lloyd Hughes R. Wyndham Walden George L. Lorillard 4 F 0:50.00 $2,750
1878 Plevna 2 Sayers Francis Morris 4 F 0:54.25 $2,700
1877 Perfection 2 William Barret William Brown Pierre Lorillard IV 4 F 0:51.00 $2,700
1876 Idalia 2 John Sparling William Brown Pierre Lorillard IV 4 F 0:49.50 $2,100
1875 Faithless 2 John Sparling William Brown Pierre Lorillard IV 4 F 0:50.00 $2,450
1874 Meco 2 N. Heywood Thomas Puryear Thomas Puryear 4 F 0:50.50 $2,650

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Condensed History Of The Juvenile Stakes (1874-1908)". Daily Racing Form at University of Kentucky Archives. 1909-05-15. Retrieved 2019-11-22.
  2. ^ "Jerome Park, Third Day of the Spring Meeting". New York Times, page 12. 1874-06-14. Retrieved 2019-09-22.
  3. ^ "Jerome Park's Opening; French Park and Fides Run a Dead Heat for the Juvenile". New York Times. 1888-05-30. Retrieved 2019-11-21.
  4. ^ "Belmont Park Form Chart". Daily Racing Form at University of Kentucky Archives. 1919-05-31. Retrieved 2019-11-27.
  5. ^ "Admiral's Voyage Victor in Carter". New York Times, May 5, 1963, Section Sports, Page 2 (204). 1963-05-05. Retrieved 2019-11-20.
  6. ^ "Raise a Native, 2 to 5, Ties Aqueduct 5-Furlong Mark in Taking Juvenile". New York Times, Section Sports, page 39. 1963-06-01. Retrieved 2019-11-20.