Juuka (Finnish: [ˈjuːkɑ]; Swedish: Juga) is a municipality of Finland. It is located in the North Karelia region. The municipality has a population of 4,444 (31 December 2021) and covers an area of 1,846.58 square kilometres (712.97 sq mi) of which 344.78 km2 (133.12 sq mi) is water. The population density is 2.96 inhabitants per square kilometre (7.7/sq mi).
|Sub-region||Pielinen Karelia sub-region|
|• Municipal manager||Markus Hirvonen|
|• Total||1,846.58 km2 (712.97 sq mi)|
|• Land||1,501.79 km2 (579.84 sq mi)|
|• Water||344.78 km2 (133.12 sq mi)|
|• Rank||43rd largest in Finland|
|• Rank||184th largest in Finland|
|• Density||2.96/km2 (7.7/sq mi)|
|Population by native language|
|• Finnish||98.1% (official)|
|Population by age|
|• 0 to 14||9.7%|
|• 15 to 64||52.6%|
|• 65 or older||37.6%|
|Time zone||UTC+02:00 (EET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+03:00 (EEST)|
|Municipal tax rate||20.75%|
The municipality is unilingually Finnish.
Juuka as a whole consists of 20 villages. The large expanse of Juuka consists of:
- Halivaara (Hali)
- Raholanvaara (Rahola)
The neighboring municipalities of Juuka are Kuopio, Kaavi, Kontiolahti, Lieksa, Nurmes, Polvijärvi and Rautavaara. The former neighboring municipalities are the Nurmes rural municipality, which was annexed to Nurmes in 1973, Pielisjärvi, which was also connected to Lieksa in 1973, and Säyneinen, which was annexed to Juankoski in 1971; Juankoski, on the other hand, was connected to Kuopio in 2017.
Juuka means a river that flows through a lake The village of Juuka dates back to the 16th century. In the late 19th century, settlements began to settle along the roads and shops were established by the banks of the Lake Pielinen.
The parish of Juuka was initially a prayer room separated from the parts of the parishes of Pielisjärvi and Nurmes, and its own parish from 1873. The present church was completed in the 1850s, but was preceded by two earlier churches.
Ellinpäivät is a scenario where in four days different associations, communities and companies arrange events to each day. To get information about these events there is some space booked in a newspaper Vaarojen Sanomat. There is info and a timetable for the events. The board selects the people who are in charge of the scenario. Elli means a person that is the figurehead of the scenario and a new figurehead is chosen every year.
The events can be, for example, concerts, market events, the declaring of a new Elli and a new event called “Juuret Juuassa –ryhmän Rehvit”. The event is basically a car show. Many retro cars and their drivers. It's, for that reason, called a nowadays rally for the elder youngsters.
- "Area of Finnish Municipalities 1.1.2018" (PDF). National Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
- "Preliminary population structure by area, 2021M01*-2021M12*". StatFin (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 2 February 2022.
- "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009.
- "Population according to age (1-year) and sex by area and the regional division of each statistical reference year, 2003–2020". StatFin. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
- "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2021" (PDF). Tax Administration of Finland. 1 December 2020. Retrieved 10 April 2021.
- Matti Puoskari: Puu-Juuan raitilta, ISBN 951-96823-5-X, page 8 finnish
Media related to Juuka at Wikimedia Commons
- Municipality of Juuka – Official website in Finnish and partly in English and Russian