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|Known for||Activist, blogger|
Like many other former "black hat" hackers, such as Kevin Mitnick, Tunney has participated in both sides of cybersecurity ("black hat" and "white hat"). In Tunney's case, this was first as a computer hacker, and then later in life, as a volunteer fixing security vulnerabilities in open source software.
Oogle and Rampage ToolzEdit
In 1999, at the age of 14, then operating under the online name "Oogle", Tunney built "Rampage Toolz 2.o" for exploiting security vulnerabilities in AOL and sending spam. Tunney said Rampage Toolz was the most popular third-party AOL "prog" at the time. She ran ads on her site, and at the height of the dot-com boom earned hundreds of dollars a month from them, which as a teenager she did not know what to do with.
In 2016, then an employee of Google, Tunney discovered that some open source projects on GitHub were vulnerable to a security vulnerability that had been discovered five months previously, in a software library those projects used called Apache Commons Collections. She started raising pull requests on GitHub to fix the problems and recruiting more volunteers, and as the scale of the problem became apparent, the team of volunteers swelled to 50 Google employees, working on their 20% time. Ultimately Tunney and her coworkers used BigQuery to discover all vulnerable GitHub software projects, and discovered that 2,600 projects were at that time directly or indirectly vulnerable, and sent out pull requests to them to close the security holes. She also raised public awareness of the severe cybersecurity threat posed by continued use of the vulnerable versions of the libraries in a subsequent post on the Google Open Source blog about the effort, noting that the San Francisco Municipal Transportation Agency had recently been hacked with ransomware due to their usage of a vulnerable version of Apache Commons Collections.
Occupy Wall StreetEdit
In 2011, Kalle Lasn, founder of the left-wing magazine Adbusters, put out a call to activists to occupy Wall Street, in response to the perceived political corruption of American democracy by Wall Street, in the context of the 2008 financial crisis and its aftermath. Tunney was one of the first individuals to respond to Lasn's call, quickly creating the @occupywallst Twitter handle and occupywallst.org web site on July 14, 2011, which became the main online hub for the Occupy movement.
2014 - Tunney locks down Occupy Wall Street Twitter accountEdit
In February 2014, Tunney took back exclusive control of the Occupy Wall Street Twitter account, which she had originally created, removing posting access to most of the activists who previously had access. She stated that she was a "founding organizer" of the movement. She wrote that she locked down the Twitter account partly in order to keep it from being just a mouthpiece for the Democratic Party.
Tunney's subsequent statements about Occupy Wall Street activistsEdit
She has written that she viewed those activists within Occupy Wall Street who disagreed with her "taking initiative" in the OWS movement, and who sat in meetings "trying to devise ways to boss [her] around", as "unskilled unintelligent parasites".
Support for the Gamergate movementEdit
Tunney has been a vocal supporter of the Gamergate movement. She contributed to an unsuccessful crowdfunding campaign to create a Gamergate movement website, and has posted in support of the Gamergate movement on the Occupy Wall Street Twitter account.
Her political writing is sometimes controversial or extreme - to such a degree that The Daily Dot, Vice and various Twitter users, have speculated that she might be trolling, or performing online performance art, and might not be expressing sincerely held views. The Daily Dot cited Tunney saying that "free speech rights should only be respected for techies", and not for progressives; and "Hopefully, I'll live to see a day when all the muckraking progressive reporters/bloggers are sent to prisons".
Tunney has characterised some of her activities as "trolling" multiple times since March 2014. In response to a question put to her on ASKfm in regards to the asker's suspicion that Tunney was trying to "deliberately piss off liberals", Tunney wrote an answer that included the sentence "My favorite tactic for trolling progressives, is simply to not use their newspeak." Tunney has also said that "Trolling is the only way to get away with saying certain things under the current regime".
Tunney has said that she is "an entirely different person offline".
Petition to install a "CEO of America"Edit
In 2014, Tunney petitioned the US government on We the People to hold a referendum asking for support to retire all government employees with full pensions, transfer administrative authority to the technology industry, and appoint Google chairman, Eric Schmidt as CEO of America. Tunney worked as a software engineer at Google until December 2018, according to her Linkedin. The petition expired because it failed to meet We The People's signature threshold.
- Chu, Arthur (1 August 2014). "Occupying the Throne: Justine Tunney, Neoreactionaries, and the New 1%". The Daily Beast. Retrieved 24 August 2014.
- Tunney, Justine. "Answer". Ask.fm. Retrieved 2 November 2014.
- Tunney, Justine. "Rampage Toolz 2.o".
- Essers, Loek (July 26, 2012). "Google Denied Claim to Oogle.com Domain Name". PC World. Retrieved September 20, 2014. Note: Tunney was known as Justin at the time she developed Rampage Toolz.
- Tunney, Justine. "Rampage Toolz 2.o Splash Screen".
- Loshin, Peter. "Operation Rosehub patches Java vulnerabilities in open source projects". TechTarget Search Security.
- Tunney, Justine (1 March 2017). "Operation Rosehub". Google Open Source blog. Retrieved 15 March 2017.
- Vijayan, Jaikumar (3 March 2017). "Critical Flaw Leads Google to Patch Thousands of Open-Source Projects". eWeek. Retrieved 15 March 2017.
- Schwartz, Mattathias (28 November 2011). "Pre-Occupied". The New Yorker. Retrieved 24 August 2014.
- Biddle, Sam (30 July 2014). "Why Does Google Employ a Pro-Slavery Lunatic?". Valleywag. Archived from the original on 26 August 2014. Retrieved 24 August 2014.
- Strochlic, Nina (15 February 2014). "The Champagne Tranarchist Who Hijacked Occupy's Twitter Feed". The Daily Beast. Retrieved 24 August 2014.
- Smith, S. E. (31 July 2014). "Inside Google's complicated relationship with a pro-slavery troll". Daily Dot. Archived from the original on 2015-01-13. Retrieved 2 November 2014.
- Cameron, Dell (25 October 2014). "How Occupy Wall Street turned into Gamergate shills". Daily Dot. Retrieved 28 December 2014.
- Tunney, Justine (17 October 2014). "Why Nerds Should be Segregated". The Good News. Retrieved 2 November 2014.
- Foster, Rusty (24 November 2014). "Today in Tabs: Pax Back, Get Out the Wack Sack". Fastcolabs. Fast Company magazine. Retrieved 28 December 2014.
- Merchant, Brian (19 March 2014). "Weev Is in Jail Because the Government Doesn't Know What Hacking Is". Vice. Retrieved 2 November 2014.
- Tunney, Justine (28 October 2014). "Tweet". Twitter. Retrieved 2 November 2014.
- Sampson, Tim (22 March 2014). "Occupy Wall Street organizer wants Google to run the country". The Daily Dot. Retrieved 15 November 2014.
- Hern, Alex (20 March 2014). "Occupy founder calls on Obama to appoint Google CEO Eric Schmidt as 'CEO of America'". The Guardian. Retrieved 24 September 2014.
- Campbell, Scott (21 March 2014). "'Make Google's Eric Schmidt CEO of America'". Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 24 August 2014.
- Schneider, Nathan (11 September 2013). "Breaking Up With Occupy". The Nation. Retrieved 25 September 2014.
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