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Jurong Bird Park is an aviary and tourist attraction in Jurong, Singapore. The bird park, managed by Wildlife Reserves Singapore, covers an area of 0.2 square kilometres (49 acres) on the western slope of Jurong Hill, the highest point in the Jurong region.

Jurong Bird Park
Jurong Bird Park Logo.png
Jurong Bird Park 2014.jpg
Date opened3 January 1971; 48 years ago (1971-01-03)
LocationJurong, Singapore
2 Jurong Hill, 628925
(1971 - 2020)
Mandai, Singapore
80 Mandai Lake Road, 729826 (2020 onwards)
Coordinates1°19′05″N 103°42′26″E / 1.31806°N 103.70722°E / 1.31806; 103.70722Coordinates: 1°19′05″N 103°42′26″E / 1.31806°N 103.70722°E / 1.31806; 103.70722
Land area20.2 ha (50 acres)
No. of animals12,000[1]
No. of species500[1]
Annual visitors900,000 (2010)[1]
OwnerWildlife Reserves Singapore

Wildlife Reserves Singapore reported on 1 June 2016 that in 2020, Jurong Bird Park will be relocated to 80 Mandai Lake Road, 729826, with a new name for the Bird Park. For now, operation continues as per normal.[2][3]



Caribbean flamingos at Jurong Bird Park

The idea of a permanent aviary was first conceived by the late Dr Goh Keng Swee, then Minister for Finance, in 1968. During a World Bank meeting in Rio de Janeiro, Dr Goh visited its zoological garden and was impressed with its free-flight aviary. He set out to ensure that Singaporeans would have a place where they could escape from urban life and relax with nature.[4][5]

Work on the aviary started in January 1969.[6] A 35 acre site on the western slope of Bukit Peropok in Jurong was chosen for the project. The bird park was expected to be completed by the end of 1969.[7]

On 3 January 1971, Jurong Bird Park, built at a cost of S$3.5 million, was opened to the public.[8]

Jurong Bird Park is now a world-famous bird zoo where there are specimens of magnificent bird life from around the world, including a large flock of flamingos. It is currently the world's largest bird park in terms of the number of birds, and second largest both in the number of bird species and land area (after Germany's Weltvogelpark Walsrode). There are 5,000 birds of 400 species in Jurong Bird Park, of which 29 are of threatened species.[1]

In 2006, Jurong Bird Park completed a S$10 million makeover. As a result of the upgrade, the park got a new entrance plaza, a park-owned and managed Bongo Burgers restaurant, an ice cream parlour, a gift shop and a bird hospital.[9]


Waterfall AviaryEdit


The Waterfall Aviary, which focuses mostly on birds from Africa, has bird enclosures that extend to a towering height of 35 metres. The area houses the 30-metre (98 ft) tall Jurong Falls, one of the world's tallest man-made, indoor waterfalls. A suspension bridge in the zone allows visitors to get a panoramic view of the surrounding landscape and a hiking trail lets the visitors catch sight of some of the more reticent birds in action. Birds housed in the aviary include various species of African glossy starlings, turacos and the White-necked rockfowl.

Dinosaur DescendantsEdit

The Dinosaur Descendants section houses some of the largest extant birds, including various species of crane, and large flightless birds such as ostriches, emus, rheas and cassowaries.

Wings of AsiaEdit

Visitors can see the largest collection of Southeast Asian birds, which has over 200 species. There are large, central walk-in aviaries and peripheral aviaries housing the more delicate and territorial birds. A thunderstorm is simulated at noon each day, followed by a cool, light drizzle. Territorial species are kept in large cages, while species that can coexist with each other (fruit doves and pigeons being two examples) are left to roam freely in the aviary.

Lory LoftEdit

The Lory Loft

About nine storeys high and covering 3,000 square metres (32,000 sq ft), the Lory Loft is the world's largest walk-in flight aviary for lories and lorikeets, with over 1,000 free-flying lories. Other species housed here include the megapodes, currawongs, eclectus parrots, king parrots, cockatoos, and various Australasian parakeets. The ambience is similar to that of a rainforest valley in tropical Northern Australia. Visitors can offer the lories a special nectar mix.

Parrot ParadiseEdit

This small zone houses some of the park's parrot species, mostly macaws, conures and cockatoos. All three extant species of blue macaw can be seen here — the hyacinth, Lear's and Spix's.

Penguin CoastEdit


Houses five species of penguins within 1,600 square metres (17,000 sq ft). Featuring a 21-metre (69 ft) tall Portuguese galleon façade and designed to resemble a ship, the interior of Penguin Coast is constructed with timber beams and wooden flooring. Penguin Coast is home to the Humboldt, rockhopper, macaroni and king penguins, which live in an indoor, climate-controlled den with access to an outdoor enclosure showcasing African penguins, African darters and Hartlaub's gull.

World of DarknessEdit

Asia's first nocturnal bird house featured a system of reverse lighting, converting day to night and vice versa. On display were 60 birds from 17 species, like the North Island brown kiwi, night herons, fish owls, boobook owls and snowy owls. It was akin to a quiet nocturnal walk along a starlit jungle path, watching birds in their nocturnal surroundings and hearing them beckon each other. The nocturnal bird house has been closed, apparently permanently, since about early 2018.

Pelican CoveEdit

Visitors catch a glimpse of all eight species of pelicans, including the endangered Dalmatian pelican. Wild herons and storks, along with the neighbouring bin chickens and Greater flamingoes, sometimes join them in the exhibit. There is a board-walk where visitors can stroll and observe the birds. Visitors can also see the pelicans at the world's first underwater viewing gallery for pelicans, where the birds scoop up fish at feeding time.

Hornbills & ToucansEdit

27 10-metre tall aviaries spread over an area of 2,000m² house the park's hornbill and toucan collection. Guests are often greeted upon entry by a cacophony of loud honks. There are 19 species currently on display, and Jurong Bird Park is the first to breed the black hornbill under human care. The park conducts a "Hornbill Chit-chat" session, a once-a-day interactive session where keepers bring out any one of the park's Great hornbills.

Windows of ParadiseEdit

Located just beside the Lory Loft, this zone houses various birds-of-paradise, of which the park is the first in the world to breed the Twelve-wired bird-of-paradise. Various birds from Papua New Guinea are also housed here.

Royal RambleEdit

This small walk-through zone features four species of crowned pigeons, and other attractively colored species.


This exhibit featured an underwater viewing panel to allow visitors to get a closer look at some of the diving birds in the exhibit. Aside from ducks and doves, this exhibit also housed Southern River Terrapins, Fly River Turtles, Iridescent Sharks, Saratogas and other fish species.

Breeding and Research Centre (BRC)Edit

A small zone that showcases the handling and rearing process of the park's newly hatched birds, around 150 birds are hand-reared here each year, including many rare and endangered species like the Bali mynah and blue-throated macaw. Visitors can look at a nursery room where handling and feeding of newly hatched birds occur, as well as an incubation room to allow guests to have a look at how the park incubates their eggs.


Built to replicate an observation hide, this zone houses species that come from brackish habitats like mangroves and wetlands. The trees and breeding shelves in the exhibit are frequently used by the spoonbills and ibises in the exhibit. It is also home to the park's pair of Shoebills.

Flamingo Pool & Flamingo LakeEdit

The pool and lake are home to the park's flock of flamingoes, in which 4 species are represented, as well as free-ranging ibises, green iguanas, Cuban rock iguanas and Cape shelducks. The main pool houses the Caribbean flamingo and Chilean flamingo, along with a smaller pool for Lesser flamingoes and Cape shelducks, which also inhabit Flamingo Lake. The Flamingo Lake is the largest of the 3 flamingo exhibits and houses the park's flock of Greater flamingoes. Joining them are the Lesser flamingoes from the nearby pool and Australian white ibis. The Flamingo Lodge which is open for private and special functions overlooks the Flamingo Lake and allows guests to get an even closer at the lake's inhabitants.


High Flyers ShowEdit

Salmon-crested cockatoo

This bird show has the world's largest number of performing birds in a single act. Besides highlighting the antics of talented birds like the mimicking cockatoos, this show is also a window onto the natural behaviour of birds like pelicans, flamingos and hornbills.

Kings of the Skies ShowEdit

Visitors watch birds of prey such as eagles, hawks and falcons, who will fly in loops and soar above the treetops. Visitors also learn about falconry as these birds are put through their paces in a simulated hunt.

Lunch with the ParrotsEdit

Visitors enjoy a parrot show over lunch in front of the flamingo lake.

List of speciesEdit

This is a list of all the species the park has currently and previously kept. Some species are also in the park's possession but are not on display to visitors.

Order Galliformes (fowl)Edit

Family Phasianidae (pheasants and relatives)

Family Perdicinae (partridges, Old World quails, and francolins)

Family Cracidae (chachalacas, guans and curassows)

Order Anseriformes (waterfowl)Edit

Family Anatidae (ducks, geese and swans)

Family Anhimidae (screamers)

Order Podicipediformes (grebes)Edit

Family Podicepidae (grebes)

Order Procellariiformes (tubenoses)Edit

Family Hydrobatidae (storm-petrels)

Order Phaethontiformes (tropicbirds)Edit

Family Phaethontidae (tropicbirds)

Order Suliformes (frigatebirds and relatives)Edit

Family Sulidae (gannets and boobies)

Family Fregatidae (frigatebirds)

Family Phalacrocoracidae (cormorants and shags)

Family Anhingidae (darters)

Order Ciconiiformes (storks)Edit

Family Ciconiidae (storks)

Family Balaenicipitidae (Shoebills and relatives)

Order Pelecaniformes (pelicans, herons and relatives)Edit

Family Pelecanidae (pelicans)

Family Ardeidae (herons, egrets and bitterns)

Family Threskiornithidae (ibises and spoonbills)

Order Accipitriformes (hawks, kites, and eagles)Edit

Family Pandionidae (osprey)

Family Accipitridae (eagles, hawks and relatives)

Family Cathartidae (New World vultures)

Family Sagittariidae (Secretarybirds)

Order Falconiformes (falcons)Edit

Family Falconidae (falcons and relatives)

Order Gruiformes (cranes and relatives)Edit

Family Heliornithidae (finfoots)

Family Psophiidae (trumpeters)

Family Gruidae (cranes)

Family Aramidae (limpkins)

Family Rallidae (rails and relatives)

Order Charadriiformes (shorebirds)Edit

Family Charadriidae (plovers and lapwings)Edit

Family Jacanidae (jacanas)Edit

Family Recurvirostridae (stilts and avocets)Edit

Family Stercorariidae (skuas and jaegers)Edit

Family Laridae (gulls, terns, and skimmers)Edit

Order Columbiformes (pigeons)Edit

Family Columbidae (pigeons)

Order Psittaciformes (parrots)Edit

Family Cacatuidae (cockatoos)

Family Psittrichasiidae (Indian Ocean island parrots)

Family Psittaculidae (Old World parrots)

Family Psittacidae (African and New World parrots)

Order Opisthocomiformes (Hoatzin and relatives)Edit

Order Cuculiformes (cuckoos and relatives)Edit

Order Musophagiformes (turacos and go-away-birds)Edit

Order Strigiformes (owls)Edit

Family Tytonidae (barn and bay owls)

Family Strigidae (typical owls)

Order Coraciiformes (kingfishers and relatives)Edit

Family Coraciidae (rollers)

Family Alcedinidae (kingfishers)

Family Todidae (todies)

Family Meropidae (bee-eaters)

Family Motmotidae (motmots)

Family Phoeniculidae (wood-hoopoes)

Family Bucorvidae (ground hornbills)

Family Bucerotidae (hornbills)

Order Trogoniformes (trogons and quetzals)Edit

Order Piciformes (woodpeckers and relatives)Edit

Family Megalaimidae (barbets)

Family Ramphastidae (toucans, toucanets and aracaris)

Order Passeriformes (perching birds)Edit

Family Pittidae (pittas)Edit

Family Eurylaimidae (broadbills)Edit

Family Pipridae (manakins)Edit

Family Acanthizidae (gerygones and relatives)Edit

Family Pachycephalidae (whistlers and relatives)Edit

Family Paradisaeidae (birds-of-paradise)Edit

Family Dicruridae (drongos)Edit

Family Rhipiduridae (fantails)Edit

Family Monarchidae (monarchs, paradise flycatchers)Edit

Family Tephrodornithidae (woodshrikes and relatives)Edit

Family Campephagidae (cuckooshrikes, trillers, minivets and relatives)Edit

Family Oriolidae (Old World orioles)Edit

Family Corvidae (crows and relatives)Edit

Family Irenidae (fairy bluebirds)Edit

Family Chloropseidae (leafbirds)Edit

Family Laniidae (shrikes)Edit

Family Aegithinidae (ioras)Edit

Family Turdidae (thrushes)Edit

Family Muscicapidae (Old World flycatchers)Edit

Family Sturnidae (starlings, mynas, oxpeckers)Edit

Family Pycnonotidae (bulbuls)Edit

Family Phylloscopidae (leaf warblers)Edit

Family Acrocephalidae (reed warblers)Edit

Family Locustellidae (grass warblers)Edit

Family Cisticolidae (cisticolas and allies)Edit

Family Pellorneidae (ground babblers)Edit

Family Timaliidae (Old World babblers)Edit

Family Leiothrichidae (Laughingthrushes)Edit

Family Zosteropidae (white-eyes)Edit

Family Dicaeidae (flowerpeckers)Edit

Family Nectariniidae (sunbirds and spiderhunters)Edit

Family Motacillidae (wagtails, pipits and relatives)Edit

Family Ploceidae (weavers and relatives)Edit

Family Estrildidae (estrildid finches)Edit

Family Viduidae (indigobirds and whydahs)Edit

Family Fringillidae (true finches)Edit

Family Emberizidae (buntings and relatives)Edit

Family Passeridae (Old World sparrows)Edit

====Family Spheniscidae (Penguins) Aptenodytes – great penguins

   King penguin, Aptenodytes patagonicus
   Emperor penguin, Aptenodytes forsteri

Pygoscelis – brush-tailed penguins

   Adélie penguin, Pygoscelis adeliae
   Chinstrap penguin, Pygoscelis antarctica
   Gentoo penguin, Pygoscelis papua

Eudyptula – little penguins

   Little blue penguin, Eudyptula minor
   Australian little penguin, Eudyptula novaehollandiae
   White-flippered penguin, Eudyptula albosignata (provisional)

Spheniscus – banded penguins

   Magellanic penguin, Spheniscus magellanicus
   Humboldt penguin, Spheniscus humboldti
   Galapagos penguin, Spheniscus mendiculus
   African penguin, Spheniscus demersus


   Yellow-eyed penguin, Megadyptes antipodes
   †Waitaha penguin, Megadyptes waitaha (extinct)

Eudyptes – crested penguins

   Fiordland penguin, Eudyptes pachyrynchus
   Snares penguin, Eudyptes robustus
   Erect-crested penguin, Eudyptes sclateri
   Southern rockhopper penguin, Eudyptes chrysocome
   Eastern rockhopper penguin, Eudyptes filholi
   Northern rockhopper penguin, Eudyptes moseleyi
   Royal penguin, Eudyptes schlegeli (disputed)
   Macaroni penguin, Eudyptes chrysolophus


Aside from birds, the park also housed some other species of animals in later years to increase the number visitors, though have stopped again to preserve the title of being a bird-only zoo. They are:

In addition, the escapees of the now-defunct Jurong Reptile Park currently reside in the park as well. They include the following:


Turtles and Tortoises


Awarded to Jurong Bird Park:[10]

  • Michelin 2-star rating, 2008
  • Conservation & Research Award, International Symposium on Breeding Birds in Captivity, 2006 and 2007
  • Excellence Award, Association of Southeast Asian Nations Tourism Association, 2004 and 2007
  • Best Loved Pro-Family Business, Singapore, 2006
  • Superstar Winner of the Excellent Service Awards, Singapore Tourism Board, 2004
  • Tourism Host of the Year, Singapore Tourism Board, 2003
  • Breeders Award, American Pheasant and Waterfowl Society, 2001
  • Highly Commended, Tourism For Tomorrow International Awards, 1993
  • First Breeders Award by the American Pheasant & Waterfowl Society, 2001


Jurong Bird Park can be accessed on SBS Transit Service 194 from Boon Lay Bus Interchange, which has connections to the Mass Rapid Transit at Boon Lay MRT station.


See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b c d "Park experience". Jurong Bird Park.
  2. ^ "Mandai Area Set for Major Redevelopment". Today. 5 September 2014. Retrieved 7 June 2016.
  3. ^ "Mandai nature precinct will house two new wildlife parks". Channel NewsAsia. 1 June 2016. Retrieved 7 June 2016.
  4. ^ "Goh tells why the bird park was built". The Straits Times. 4 January 1971. pp. 15–16. Retrieved 1 June 2016 – via NewspaperSG.
  5. ^ "SOCIOLOGISTS HAVE A POINT, SAYS DR. GOH". Retrieved 2 December 2018.
  6. ^ Yeo, Toon Joo (3 January 1969). "Work on $1 mil. aviary at Jurong". The Straits Times. p. 6. Retrieved 1 June 2016 – via NewspaperSG.
  7. ^ "Ready by end of year: Jurong's Bird Park". The Straits Times. 11 August 1969. p. 11. Retrieved 1 June 2016 – via NewspaperSG.
  8. ^ "Dr. Goh Opens Park". The Straits Times. 4 January 1971. p. 1. Retrieved 1 June 2016 – via NewspaperSG.
  9. ^ "The pecking order". The Straits Times. Archived from the original on 2 March 2007.
  10. ^ "Accreditation and accolades". Wildlife Reserves Singapore. Retrieved 6 December 2015.


External linksEdit